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USAID in Africa October 2006
2 Enhance strategic partnerships Consolidate democratic transitions Bolster fragile states Strengthen regional and sub-regional organizations Strengthen regional security capacity Strengthen Africa counterterrorism cooperation and capacity Stimulate Africa’s economic development and growth Implement Presidential initiatives Focus on humanitarian and development assistance programs USG Priority Objectives in Africa
3 Africa Bureau Programs In Washington: 90 USDH Positions (68 on board) 36 non-USDH Positions (21 on board) In Field: 308 USDH Positions 1,750 non-USDH Positions Missions: 23 Bilateral 3 Regional Africa Bureau Staffing
4 Priority Countries The seven most strategic countries (4 Strategic Partners and 3 Priority Rebuilding) make up 70% of the bilateral FY08 budget request. – Strategic Partners Ethiopia$ 73 million Kenya$ 68 million Nigeria$ 77 million South Africa$ 24 million – Priority Rebuilding DRC$ 88 million Liberia$140 million Sudan$806 million* *Sudan monies include emergency humanitarian assistance, and are therefore not comparable to other bilateral allocations. After making this adjustment, these seven countries still account for 62 percent of FY2008 bilateral allocations.
5 USG Funding for Sub-Saharan Africa, FY 2006 (in $000s) Development Assistance (DA)588,517 Child Survival and Health (CSH) Funds391,936 Economic Support Funds121,275 P.L. 480 Food Assistance272,918 Global HIV/AIDS Initiative1,238,652 Migration and Refugee Assistance (MRA)257,770 Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance26,500 Millennium Challenge Account595,000 Debt Relief 1 44,550 Foreign Military Finance16,335 International Military Education and Training10,826 Peacekeeping Operations53,866 Total Program Funds$3,618,118 1 Under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative, the U.S. has committed to write off $1.1 billion in nominal debt for countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
6 2004 Total Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) to Sub-Saharan Africa: $US 25.557 Billion Top Bilateral and Multilateral Donors (in $US Millions) United States $3,504 France $2,964 United Kingdom $2,265 Germany $1,204 Netherlands $1,155 Portugal $803 International Development Association (World Bank) $3,822 European Commission $2,915 African Development Fund $897 Other Donors $6,028
7 U.S. Foreign Assistance in Africa by Sector Calendar Year CY 2005: Total: $4,985,700,000 Emergency Relief*: 13% Food Aid*: 35% Debt Action: 3% HIV/AIDS: 14% Education: 4% Population and Health: 7% Other: 12% Government & Civil Society: 11% * Emergency Food Aid included in Food Aid
8 Growth in Appropriations for Sub-Saharan Africa by USAID-Managed Account (in $000s) Source: US Foreign Operations Budget, FY2006 and FY2007 Summary Spigots Tables. Title II figures are from USAID Congressional Budget Justification 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 2004200520062007 Child Survival and Health Development Assistance Economic Support Funds Global HIV/AIDS PL 480 Food Assistance
9 Major Presidential Initiatives in Africa President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief President’s Malaria Initiative African Global Competitiveness Initiative Africa Education Initiative Initiative to End Hunger in Africa Congo Basin Forest Partnership Women’s Justice and Empowerment Initiative
10 Millennium Challenge Account in Africa MCA Compacts Signed: –Cape Verde ($110 million) –Madagascar ($110 million) –Benin ($307 million) –Ghana ($548 million) Other Compact Eligible Countries: –Burkina Faso, Lesotho, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Senegal, and Tanzania MCA Threshold Programs Signed: Burkina Faso ($13 million) Malawi ($21 million) Zambia ($23 million) Tanzania ($11 million) Other Threshold Eligible Countries: Kenya, Sao Tome and Principe, and Uganda
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