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CHAPTER 8 and 9 Lecture by Sabiha Saleem. Possessive nouns or pronouns show that someone or something owns or possesses something else (another noun).

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 8 and 9 Lecture by Sabiha Saleem. Possessive nouns or pronouns show that someone or something owns or possesses something else (another noun)."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 8 and 9 Lecture by Sabiha Saleem

2 Possessive nouns or pronouns show that someone or something owns or possesses something else (another noun). They may also indicate a relationship between two nouns. The Webmaster’s hours were long this week. Mr. Sanborn’s friend recommended the new software.

3 Possessive Nouns John and Jan’s house is brick. Anndrea’s house is brick. The dog’s bone is lost. Hank’s leg is broken. Trinna’s car is locked. Chad’s dad and my dad are friends.

4 Possessive Singular Noun PP 5-8 Form the possessive of a singular noun by adding an apostrophe and s (’s). Jerome’s office is always locked. The manager’s recommendation was excellent. The Webmaster’s new icons are unique.

5 Possessive Plural Nouns PP 5-9 Form the possessive of a plural noun that ends in s or es by adding only an apostrophe. The customers’ suggestions improved our online order form. Form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s by adding an apostrophe and s (’s). Larry’s laptop computer has a DVD drive. The women programmers developed a women’s career Web page.

6 You have learned how to form plural nouns and possessive nouns. Do not confuse possessive nouns with ordinary plural nouns. Most plural nouns end in s. If a noun is possessive, you will find an apostrophe (‘) before or after the s.

7 Forming Plural and Possessive Nouns Plural- add –s or –es – Two boys Singular Possessive- add –’s – The boy’s shoe. Plural Possessive – (ending in s, add –’) two boys’ shoes – (not ending in s, add ‘s) the mice’s teeth

8 Is the underlined word plural, singular possessive, or plural possessive. 1. six wolves 2. wolf’s tail 3. three boys 4. two boys’ shoes 5. one boy’s socks 6. Gus’s pencil 7. three Guses 8. the Joneses’ dog 9. the child’s shirts 10. the children’s sneakers

9 Write the noun in parentheses in its correct plural, singular possessive, or plural possessive form. 11. Balloon_______ have become popular. (race) 12. Several _______ are supporting this race. (airport) 13. An area is reserved for _______. (spectator) 14. One ______ son is in the race. (spectator) 15. The occasion is a _______ delight. (photographer) 16. Will all the ________ please climb aboard? (passenger) 17. Many _______ cameras clicked rapidly. (photographer) 18. All the _______ friends wave goodbye to them. (passenger) 19. Soon they cannot hear their ______ voices. (friend) 20. The balloons soar over one _______ house. (passenger)

10 Understood Possession PP 5-15 Use an apostrophe and s (’s) or an apostrophe (’) to show possession of a noun that is understood but not stated. Last year’s online sales were better than this year’s. Terry’s Web page received more visitors than Lorie’s.


12 Possessive Pronouns What are possessive pronouns? They are pronouns which show ownership. Possessive adjectives describe the noun. Possessive pronouns take the place of the noun.

13 Possessive Adjective v. Pronouns Adjective: My book is on the table Pronoun: Mine is on the table. Adjective: Your car is green. Pronoun: Yours is green. Adjective: Their house is the third house. Pronoun: Theirs is the third house.

14 Possessive Pronouns Adjective: Your book is on the table Adjective: Your book is on the table Pronoun: Yours is on the table. Pronoun: Yours is on the table.

15 Singular Possessive Pronouns A possessive pronoun takes the place of a possessive noun. A possessive pronoun shows who or what owns something. My, your, his, and her are singular possessive pronouns.

16 Plural Possessive Pronouns A plural possessive pronoun shows who or what owns something. Its, our, your, and their are plural possessive pronouns.

17 Possessive Pronouns Singular Possessive shows ownership of one person my your her his Plural Possessive shows ownership of more than one person its our your their

18 Possessive Adjective In English, we use possessive adjectives all the time, though we probably haven’t always known that they had a name. Examples of English possessive adjectives are: My, your, his, her, our, and their

19 Possessive adjectives are used as adjectives and modify a noun or noun phrase. They are words used to indicate ownership or possession. Example: This is my portfolio. What is your e-mail?

20 Possessive Adjectives I have my notebook. You have your notebook. He has his notebook. She has her notebook. It has its notebook. We have our notebooks. You have your notebooks. They have their notebooks.

21 Exercise 1. She has hazel eyes. ____ eyes are hazel. a. His b. Our c. Her d. Its e. My

22 2. I have a tricycle. It is ____ tricycle. a. my b. her c. his d. its e. our 3. That is his collection. ____ collection is big. a. Our b. Your c. Her d. My e. His

23 4. This is Nancy’s pen. It’s ____ pen. a. our b. my c. your d. her e. its 5. The lion has four legs. It walks with ____ legs. a. my b. his c. its d. our e. your

24 Part II. Read each sentence carefully. Identify the possessive adjective and write it. _____1. I recite in my school. _____2. The teacher doesn’t like her student. _____3. Is that your dog? _____4. The dog has its food. _____5. This is their bed. _____6. Maria is his cousin. _____7. Is that our table? _____8. Juan has lost his keys. _____9. Was your trip long? _____10. My wallet is missing.

25 Part III. Complete the following sentences using the possessive adjectives. 1.I have a baby. ____ name is Tony. 2.The kitten has broken ____ leg. 3.Lisa has beautiful jewels. ____ jewels are very expensive. 4.The store has ____ cigarettes locked. 5.We gave the boys ____ e-mails. 6. Noel has a coat. ____ coat is black. 7. Leslie has a goddaughter. ____ name is Laurie Ann. 8. We have our girlfriends. They have ____ girlfriends. 9. You have a photo album. ____ photo album is important. 10. The Reverend has a bible in ____ hand. yourourhishertheiritsmy

26 Possessive adjectives are different from possessive pronouns. Notice the difference. Do not become confused. Possessive Pronouns mine yours his hers its ours theirs Possessive Adjectives my your his her its our their

27 There are singular and plural possessive adjectives. Singular my your his her its Plural our your their

28 Example: This is my marker. That is your portfolio. The bike is his. The cat has its home. SI N G U L A R This is our home. Their singing is excellent. PLURALPLURAL

29 Activity 2 Read each sentence carefully. Write the possessive adjective and decide if it’s used in singular or plural. A. SingularB. Plural _____1. Her name is Juana. _____2. Their train is arriving late. _____3. That is our house. _____4. My mother is beautiful. _____5. His brother is a plumber. _____6. Is that your apartment? _____7. The river has its beauty.

30 Preposition Preposition is a word, which is used before a noun, a noun phrase or a pronoun, connecting it to another word.

31 Prepositions with special uses Our modules are full of real life examples. I ate a plate of rice and a quarter of milk. Would you like a glass of lemon juice? I need three pieces of paper. Most of the children in my class like Education. There are several ways of cooking rice. Usage of OF

32 Chapter 9

33 Simple Future Tense There are two forms to express future tense Will + simple form of the verb Ex. I will see her at five. Be + going to + simple form of the verb Billy is going to sign up a deal next week.

34 Willyou notarriveon time? Willthey wantdinner? SubjectWillVerb Iwill openthe door. Youwill finishbefore me. Hewillnotbeat school tomorrow. Shewillhelpyou. Itwillbethere tomorrow. Theywillnotdotheir homework. Wewillnotleaveyet. Form: Will Note: When using the word not, always put it between the will and the verb. Note: When using the word not, always put it between the will and the verb. The will always comes first when asking a question.

35 When to use the “will” form Use “will” to express a voluntary action. – I will give you the phone number. – Will you help me with my homework? – The phone rings. “I will get it.” Use “will” when there is no plan. – We will see what happens. – I think I will go to gym tomorrow. Use “will” when making promises. – I will call you when I arrive. – I promise I will not tell anyone about the secret. – Do not worry. I will be careful.

36 Will Indicates promise, determination, volunteer action, prediction or inevitability for the future Helen’s money will disappear. (prediction) We’ll need a bigger classroom.(inevitability) I’ll spend your money carefully! (promise) Karl will get an “A” in this class.(determination)

37 Questions Move the question word to the front of the yes/no question form. Will Vicki teach Business Communication next semester? When will Vicki Business Communication next semester?

38 Negatives Add not between will and the verb. Vicki will not teach Business Communication next semester.

39 Will is used for polite requests and invitations Yone, will you please close Google Talk? Would and Could can also be used this way Yone, would/could you please close Google Talk? We do not use Be Going to for polite requests.

40 Shall (another form of will) is mainly used with I or We in the question form. Shall I end class early? Shall we leave class at 11:00? Very Formal

41 + CONTRACTIONS WITH WILL 3-3 FORMS WITH WILL we + willyou + willthey + will pronouns + will in speech & formal writing Ill wi ‘ + shell wi ‘ + hell wi ‘ we’ll you’llthey’ll

42 nouns + will usually only in speech CONTRACTIONS Bob + will = “Bob’ll” the doctor + will = “the doctor’ll” 3-3 FORMS WITH WILL

43 3-3 LET'S PRACTICE ______ get married in an hour. CONTRACTION? She’ll she will

44 CONTRACTIONS Bob + will not go = “Bob wont go” 3-3 FORMS WITH WILL

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