Presentation on theme: "JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD"— Presentation transcript:
1 JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD CHAPTER 2INTRODUCTION TOSACRED SCRIPTURE
2 The Game of LifeCITIUS ALTIUS FORTIUS We participate in the journey of life, hoping to be all that God intends for us: the best people we can be.
3 How to Locate and Read Bible References Jn 1:1-18Jn—abbreviated title of the bookFirst number—chapter number; verse number follows the colon (:)Hyphen (-) indicates several chapters or versesSemicolon (;) separates two references; comma (,) separates two verses in the same chapter
4 The Bible Is the Inspired Word of God The Church teaches that:God is the author of the Bible,the Holy Spirit inspired the writers of the sacred books, andthe Sacred Scriptures teach the Truth.
5 THE INERRANT WORD OF GOD What Is Inspiration?God is the author of the Bible—he used the human authors as his instrument to convey Divine Revelation to us.The end product:THE INERRANT WORD OF GOD
6 How to Read the BibleWe must pay attention to what the human authors wished to say and to what God wanted to reveal through their words. Vatican II: Scripture “must be read in the light of the same Spirit by whom it was written.”
7 Vatican II on Sacred Scripture Note the content and unity of the whole Scripture“Read the Scriptures within ‘the living Tradition of the whole Church’”Pay attention to the “analogy of faith”
8 This helps to determine the literal sense of the biblical text. Literary FormsIdentifying the correct literary genre is vitally important in scriptural interpretation.This helps to determine the literal sense of the biblical text.Historical BookProphecyPoetryLettersGenealogiesMiracles storiesParables
9 Different Readings of the Bible Literal interpretation takes into account what the author intended to conveyLiteralist interpretation ignores various literary forms and the cultural and historical factors of the period in which the biblical authors wrote
10 How to Understand the Bible Literal SenseSpiritual SenseWhat the author intended by the words he wroteLooks to the deeper meaning of various scriptural passages as part of God’s overall plan of Salvation
11 The Senses: In SummaryLiteral sense: teaches history; what the words say in a historical contextAllegorical sense: teaches what you should believe; what the words means in the larger context of Salvation HistoryMoral sense: teaches what you should do regarding how to live your lifeAnagogical sense: teaches where you are going; building up the virtue of hope while leading us to Heaven
12 Biblical Translations Most of the Old Testament was written in HebrewThe New Testament was written in “koine” GreekIn 390, St. Jerome completed the Latin translation of both Testaments—the VulgateThere have been almost 500 new translations of individual books of the Bible
13 Biblical Translations ProtestantCatholicKing James Version New Revised Standard Ver. Revised English Bible New International VersionDouay—Rheims Version New American Bible New Jerusalem Bible
14 Importance of the Bible for Catholics Scripture readings are integral to every Mass and all the sacraments. Scripture is also at the heart of the Liturgy of the Hours—the public prayer of the Church.
15 Modern Approaches for Studying Sacred Scripture The Catholic Church teaches us to read Sacred Scripture prayerfully and interpret it critically. The Magisterium authentically interprets the Word of God with the help of biblical scholars.
16 Types of “Criticisms” (not to be understood as a negative word) Historical Criticism—tries to determine the historical context of the biblical textSource Criticism—helps to discover where the biblical authors got their materialForm Criticism—involves studying small units of biblical texts to attempt to determine how each book took shape during oral tradition before being written downRedaction Criticism—how the various editors put together their sources and arranged them the way they did
17 St. Jerome TRANSLATOR OF THE BIBLE FROM ITS ORIGINAL LANGUAGES IMPORTANT CHURCH FATHERUSED HIS PEN TO WRITE FIERCE LETTERS TO HIS OPPONENTSST. AUGUSTINE SAID OF HIM, “WHAT JEROME IS IGNORANT OF, NO MAN HAS EVER KNOWN”