6 What is SKIN? Skin is a soft outer surface covering of an animal, in particular a vertebrate. Human skin is the largest organ of the human body.
7 Skin performs the following functions: Protection: an anatomical barrier to protect us from pathogens and damage. Sensation: heat and cold, touch, pressure, vibration and pain. Heat regulation: during the sweat evaporation process, partial quantity of heats will be carried out from the body and this will reduce the body temperature. Secretion and excretion: The sweat gland secrete the sweat, the sebaceous glands secrete the sebum.
8 Skin performs the following functions: Absorption: Nutrients can diffuse and absorb into the epidermis in small amounts compare to our Gastrointestinal Tract. Metabolism : The skin cell has the mitosis, renewal and metabolism ability.
9 Skin Type:- Knowing your skin type is the first step to protect your skin. Why it is important to determine the skin types? help you to :- (1) choose the right product for your skin; (2) determine the ways of caring and pampering your skin; (3) determine the most suitable and effective treatment for your skin.
10 - If you are having oily skin, you must not use oil content skin care product because this will clog your skin pore, cause acne and blackhead. - If you are having sensitive skin, you must not use skin care product which contain harsh chemicals because this will worsen your skin condition.
11 How to determine your skin type: 1. use of skin analysis machine; 2 How to determine your skin type: 1. use of skin analysis machine; 2. consult with beauty therapist /consultant; 3. self determination.
12 How to determine your skin type:- Use of skin analysis machine. Skin Moisture Testing
13 Use of skin analysis machine. Melanin & Erythema Measurement
14 Use of skin analysis machine. 50x, 200x, 300x Skin Magnifying Device
15 How to determine your skin type: 1. use of skin analysis machine; 2 How to determine your skin type: 1. use of skin analysis machine; 2. consult with beauty therapist /consultant; 3. self determination with a simple skin diagnosis chart.
16 Skin Diagnosis Chart Skin is tight when no skin care is applied NO YES Skin has tendency for acneSkin is dry and may have slight flakingYESNOYESNOT-Zone & cheekis oilyFine lines on face / eye areaNOOily T-Zone, Dry cheekorDry T-Zone, oily cheekNOYESNOYESYESSkin is allergic to some skin care and fragranceSkin is sagging and lack of elasticityNOYESNOYESOily SkinCombination SkinNormal SkinSensitive SkinDry SkinSagging Skin
17 Steps in taking care of your skin: (I) Basic and Daily Care; The beauty therapist from ACS Skin Treatment Centre, Ms. Tricia Chin will discuss & demonstrate this section for you.Steps in taking care of your skin: (I) Basic and Daily Care;(II) Weekly Care; and(III) Monthly Care.
19 Basic and Daily CareMorning:After you have cleansed your face, apply pH Balancer (Toner) to hydrate the skin, apply special care essence and followed by moisturizer. Then, apply UV protection lotion onto the face.
20 Basic and Daily CareNight:After you have removed makeup and cleansed the face, apply pH Balancer to hydrate the skin, then, apply special care essence and followed by moisturizer.
22 Removal of MakeupNowadays, makeup is a trend not only for ladies but men also. For those who have makeup, make sure makeup is removed thoroughly to avoid the problem of opened pores, clog pores, blackhead, whitehead and acne. It is not advisable to use foundation to cover your acne as this will cause more acne.
23 Removal of MakeupTo remove your makeup, whether it is thick / simple, you have to get ready with cosmetic cotton, cotton bud and makeup removal and cleansing milk.
24 Removal of MakeupStart with eyes and lips and continue with the whole face. - Remove artificial eyelids. - Put sufficient amount of eye & lip makeup removal on cotton bud & cosmetic cotton to remove mascara, eye liner & eye shadow. - Gently wipe your eyes in the downward motion. The area around the eye is delicate, so do not rub too hard.
25 Removal of MakeupPut sufficient amount of eye & lip makeup removal on the new cosmetic cotton to remove the lipstick.
26 Removal of MakeupFor face, put Cleansing Milk in the cosmetic cotton to remove foundation, cheek powder & loose powder. Lastly, rinse off with water and make sure there is no traces of makeup left on your face.
27 CleansingAfter makeup removal, choose the suitable cleanser to cleanse your face. Form of cleansing products : cleansing foam, gel, milk, cream, oil, soap.Deep Cleansing GelCleansing GelCleansing Milk
28 CleansingCleansing is the first and most essential step to look after the skin. During cleansing, all the dust, dirt, oil and perspiration, bacteria will be removed.Cleanse skin at least twice a day.Double cleanse with cleansing milk and followed by deep cleansing gel especially for oily and combination skin.
29 Cleansing Oily Skin cleanse with deep cleansing gel. Normal or combination skincleanse with normal cleansing gel.Dry skincleanse with cleansing milk.Sensitive skincleanse with mild type of cleansing milk / cleansing gel.Use of soap / foam may cause dryness, fine line as they will strip natural oils in the skin.
30 CleansingAfter you have cleansed your face, please use a clean face towel / tissue to wipe off the water on the face. Please do not use body towel for face as the body towel may contain large amount of body dead skin cells, fungal and bacteria. This is to avoid contamination.The face towel should not be re-used.
31 Toning or Balancing:- Special Care:- After cleansing, use balancer to tone, balance, hydrate & tighten your skinSpecial Care:-For certain skin type required a special treatment product (such as: pigmentation, acne, wrinkle & etc.), you may apply the special care essence onto the face in this step.
32 Eye Treatment:-Skin around eye area is the thinnest in our body and fine lines and wrinkles are easy to grow on this area.Fine lines and wrinkles appear on eye area will made a women look older than the actual age. Thus, it is important to take special care on the delicate skin around the eyes.Use eye lotion to moisturize your eye area everyday.
33 Moisturizer:-Moisturizer helps to increase and maintain the hydration of skin by reducing the water loss via evaporation process. Without moisturizer, you will experience dryness on your skin and fine lines and wrinkles may appear.Moisturizer is divided into two categories:- - water base; andOil base.For Oily, Acne, Combination and Normal skin, it is advisable to use the water base moisturizer.For Dry and Sagging skin, it is advisable to use the oil base moisturizer.
34 UV Protection:-Sun light contains ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Exposure to UV radiation, UVA or UVB will cause skin damage and premature aging such as wrinkles, hyperpigmentation (Melasma, Freckle & Solar lentigo) and skin cancers.Thus, applying UV protection onto the skin is an important step to protect your skin.Note:(i) Use UV Protection during day time only.(ii) Select the oil free UV protection skin care.
36 Daily care is meant for daily maintenance use only, if you wish to enhance your skin quality, then, you cannot skip from doing facial scrub & mask.
37 Weekly Care Facial Scrub:- Remove dead skin cells, skin look younger, smoother and healthier.At least 2 times a week.Choose the correct scrub beads, use only scrub beads designed for skin when do facial scrub.SaltSugar
38 Step to do facial scrub:- Put a small amount of the scrub bead on the palm, mix well with Cleansing Milk. Apply the mixture evenly onto the face.Gentle massage in rotate upward position.Then, rinse off with water and cleanse with Cleansing Gel. With facial scrubbing, we are able to remove dead skin cells in order for the skin to look more radiant.
39 Weekly Care Facial Mask :- To deep cleanse, tighten / firm the skin, minimize pore, reduce skin oil, soothe & moisturize the skin, treat acne, brighten the skin.1- 2 times a week.
40 Facial MaskType of mask : Gel mask, cream mask, clay mask, paper mask.Use of different types of masks depend on the skin types and the skin need.
41 Gel & Paper MaskGel mask & paper mask are suitable for normal, dry, sensitive skin to soothe and moisturize / hydrate the skin.
42 Clay MaskClay mask is suitable for most of the skin types except sensitive skin type.Clay mask is especially suitable for oily and combination skin types as it is able to minimize pore, reduce skin oil, blackhead and whitehead, treat acne, firm and tighten up the skin, reduce skin sagging and aging.
43 Cream MaskCream mask helps to promote the penetration of concentrated active ingredient into our skin.Thus, it is most suitable for the skin that require special treatment effect, e.g. : whitening, anti-microbial, exfoliation & etc.
45 Monthly Care – Facial Treatment It is advisable to visit a Skin Treatment Centrefor receiving a facial treatment conducted bythe beauty therapist:-Reasons:-Beauty therapist can help you to extract the whitehead & blackhead.Skin Treatment Centre is more hygiene and well equipped.Able to solve skin problem such as acne, freckles, melasma, scar by using scientific and expensive device / machine.
46 Ultra-Sound Device Frequency : 1-3 MHz of sound waves. Increase the penetration of the ingredients into the skin.
47 Ultra-Sound Device Frequency : 1-3 MHz of sound waves. The heat generated by the ultrasound energy reaches into the deep layers of skin and boosts the production of collagen which supports and firms the skin.The mechanical vibration create a micro-massage for the skin's tissues. Also help to improve blood circulation and the metabolism.
49 How skin treatment centre help? IPL TreatmentIntense Pulsed Light (IPL) is a technology in which light energy is converted to heat energy when it reaches the collagen layer in the skin.IPL treats the skin without disruption of the skin’s surface.IPL is different from laser. The main difference is that laser is a technique of producing light energy of only one wavelength. IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) uses white light which contains all sorts of wavelengths (430 – 1200 nm) of visible light from red to blue. Compare with laser, IPL is safer, non-invasive and is tailored to the individual customer’s skin.
50 IPL Facial TreatmentSkin rejuvenation (renew skin, reduce scars and fine lines);2. Reduce skin hyperpigmentation;3. Improve skin tone & skin whitening;4. Treat acne; andReduce oily secretion & minimize openedpores;
51 PDT Facial TreatmentPhotodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a technology which use different wavelength of light source to penetrate and react with skin to produce skin rejuvenation effect.Besides, PDT also help to decrease the appearance of pores, reduce oil glands and treat stubborn acne effectively.
54 Radiothermaplasty Facial Treatment Radiothermoplasty is the best non-invasive or non-surgical way to lift and tighten up sagging skin.It is safe, causes no wound and has been clinically proven to lift and tighten up the sagging skin effectively.The unique deep heating technology allows the heat energy to deeply penetrate into the dermis and subcutaneous fat layer of the skin to stimulate the regeneration of new skin collagen & elastin.Skin will be healthier, tighter with better facial contours.