2 What is AIDS? AIDS- acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Introduction to HIV/AIDS: What You Need to KnowAIDS- acquired immunodeficiency syndromeAIDS- is a deadly disease that interferes with the body’s natural ability to fight infection.The virus the causes AIDS is called HIVTeens in the United States are currently the most rapidly growing group for both infection with HIV and AIDS. Age groupIn the United States every hour of every day and night, one to two teens are infected with HIV.
3 What is AIDS? Cont’d HIV- human immunodeficiency virus AIDS is a fatal disease: there is no vaccine to prevent infection with HIV and there is no cure for AIDS it is FATAL!!You can be a carrier of HIV without having AIDS.Carrier: is an apparently healthy person who has HIV in the blood and can pass it onto others.People infected with HIV have the virus for 1-10 years before showing any signs or symptoms of AIDS.
4 What HIV Does to Your Body AIDS is a relatively new disease.First observed in the late 1970’s. Rapidly spread to over 100 countries and inhabits every continent of the globe.First case in the United States was reported in 1981.HIV attacks the immune system of the body
5 What HIV Does to Your Body Leading to swollen lymph nodes, tiredness, diarrhea, weight loss, and fever,Eventually the weakened immune system can’t fight off the germs a healthy immune system could destroy.It’s the other germs that ultimately kill the person.
6 HIV Lets Germs Attack the Body A low T-cell count is one important signs of AIDST-cells help destroy viruses in healthy immune systemsA person with AIDS is susceptible to many infections that otherwise would rarely occur.This is called opportunistic infections.AIDS patients develop a rare form of pneumonia called pneumocystic pneumonia.
7 Testing and Treatment Blood tests can indicate that a person has HIV However it may take up to six months for the infections to show up in the form of antibodies.Most treatments for HIV deal with the opportunistic infectionsThere is no cure but there are certain drugs that help delay the onset of the symptoms such as AZTAZT does have serious side effectsThe FDA has approved 8 other drugs to treat HIV.
8 Combination Treatments Best medical treatment for HIV infection is a combination of drugs called protease inhibitors.Protease inhibitors- are drugs that stop the action of an enzyme which ordinarily helps HIV to reproduce.The therapy known as HAART is a highly active antiretroviral therapy. It consists of giving three drugs that stop HIV reproduction at various stages and prolongs life percent if you used correctly.You need to take pills a day at 4-6 and 8 hour intervals continuously. Sadly most of the world’s people with AIDS receive no treatment at all.
9 The Diseases of AIDSKaposi Sarcoma- a normally rare skin cancer causing a purplish discoloration of the skin.AIDS dementia complex- the mental disorder resulting from an attack from HIV on the brain and nerves.First symptoms are- fatigue, appetite loss, weight loss, and nagging cough.As the disease progresses, AIDS patients typically have persistent yeast infections of the mouth, throat, or vagina.
10 Pregnancy, Childbirth, Breastfeeding HIV can be transmitted in 3 ways to infants.Infants can be infected during pregnancy, during birth, or by breastfeeding.Effective antiviral drugs given to pregnant women can sometimes protect the baby from being infected.While breast feeding usually urged for infants, mother’s who are HIV+ are urged not to breastfeed.
11 How HIV is Spread Sexual relations with an infected person Using the same needles as an infected person.Intravenous drug abuse- the practice of using needles to inject drugs of abuse into the veins.Transfusion and other medical treatments using blood from an infected personPassing the virus from infected mother to fetus
12 How HIV IS NOT SPREAD Not through the air HIV is not spread through kissingHIV is not spread through casual contact with another personHIV is not spread through mosquitoes bites
13 How HIV IS NOT SPREAD CONT’D HIV is not spread by sharing eating utensils with an infected personHIV is not spread through donating blood.There is constant research being done but right now there isn’t a cure for AIDS
14 Tom Hanks in Philadelphia ConCLUSIONTom Hanks in Philadelphia