Presentation on theme: "HIV/AIDS Freshman Health. Do Now…. Take a Handout and place the following activities in the categories of High Risk, Medium Risk Low Risk, or No Risk."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now…. Take a Handout and place the following activities in the categories of High Risk, Medium Risk Low Risk, or No Risk for Spreading HIV and Explain on Handout.
Answer “True” or “False” for the following statements. 1)You can get HIV from swimming in a pool with someone who is infected. 2)You can get HIV from being sneezed on by someone who is infected. 3)You can get HIV from a mosquito bite if that mosquito has bitten an HIV-infected person. 4)You can get HIV by drinking from a glass a person with HIV has drank from.
Statistics AIDS is now the leading cause of death in the 25-44 year old age group. In 2008, as many as 25,036 young people ages 13-24 were living with HIV. AIDS is now the leading cause of death for women in 15 of the largest cities in the US.
How does HIV attack the body? HIV attacks the body immune system by attacking the bodies T-helper cells which stimulate the B cells to produce antibodies. Antibodies are proteins that help destroy pathogens that enter the body. HIV decreases the number of T-helper cells in the body and reduces the ability of the immune system to fight pathogens, making the body more susceptible to illnesses.
HOW IS HIV SPREAD??? Blood Semen Vaginal Secretions Breast Milk HIV must enter a person’s bloodstream in order to infect the person.
MODES OF TRANSMISSION Sexual Intercourse Sharing Needles Mother to Child
What behaviors put you at risk for contracting HIV?
When Does HIV become AIDS? When the T-helper cell count is less than 200, and there is a presence of one or more AIDS-OIs a HIV infected person is then diagnosed with AIDS. Opportunistic illnesses – infections and other diseases caused by organisms that do not usually produce illness in healthy people with unimpaired immune systems. PCP – a protozoal infection that causes a form of pneumonia.
A.I.D.S. NOTE: MOST PEOPLE HAVE NO SYMPTOMS FOR UP TO 15 YEARS Symptoms: MINOR INFECTIONS THAT CAUSE SKIN RASHES AND MOUTH, GENITAL, AND ANAL SORES WHITE SPOTS IN THE MOUTH OR THROAT CHRONIC DIARRHEA A COUGH THAT WON'T GO AWAY TROUBLE REMEMBERING THINGS EXTREME WEAKNESS OR FATIGUE RAPID WEIGHT LOSS FREQUENT FEVERS THAT LAST FOR SEVERAL WEEKS WITH NO EXPLANATION HEAVY SWEATING AT NIGHT SWOLLEN LYMPH GLANDS
Treatment There is no cure for HIV. However the FDA has approved treatments that interfere with HIV’s ability to reproduce. Protese Inhibitors in combination with antiviral medications (AZT and 3TC) has considerably reduced the amount of HIV in infected individuals.