Presentation on theme: "Poetry Terms. Types of Poetry Lyric- usually a short poem meant to express emotion Narrative- tells a story Dramatic- from the point of view of a fictitious."— Presentation transcript:
Types of Poetry Lyric- usually a short poem meant to express emotion Narrative- tells a story Dramatic- from the point of view of a fictitious character
Forms of Poetry Verse- regular rhythm to the lines Free verse- no regular rhythm Closed form- specific pattern of rhythm, rhyme, structure Open form- no specific pattern of rhythm, rhyme, or structure
Rhyme Perfect—a rhyme with the same last vowel and consonant, e.g., Cat/hat Eye—a rhyme in appearance, not sound, e.g., love/prove Identical—a repetition of the same word, e.g., cat/cat Slant—an inexact rime, perhaps the same vowel, but not the same final consonant, e.g., cat/slap
Allusion Reference to familiar people, places, events, or things
Rhyme Scheme At the edge of each line, a letter is given that corresponds to the rhyming sound of the line's final word. The pattern of letters, as you follow them down the edge of the page, is called the rhyme scheme of the poem. Rhyme schemes, especially ones that repeat (as this one does), are often written in the following form: a b a b c d e c d e.
Enjambment the running over of a sentence or phrase from one line to the next
Iambic pentameter An iamb is a combination of stressed and unstressed syllables. Say the words between, mature, and instead. These are iambs. In poetry, repeated rhythmic units are called “feet.” An iamb is a kind of foot. Pentameter means that the foot is repeated five times. It has the Greek root penta-, which means five. (Think of a pentagon; it has five sides.) Now put the two terms together: iambic pentameter is a line of poetry with five iambs in it. It has this rhythm: da DUM / da DUM / da DUM / da DUM / da DUM A lit-/ le more / than kin / and less / than kind. I wake to sleep and take my waking slow
Sonnet A sonnet is a poem consisting of 14 lines (iambic pentameter) with a particular rhyming scheme:
Shakespearean Sonnet English (or Shakespearean) sonnets are composed of three quatrains and a final couplet, with a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg.
Petrarchan Sonnet Petrarchan sonnets are divided into two quatrains and a six-line "sestet," with the rhyme scheme abba abba cdecde (or cdcdcd).