2 “Poetry lifts the veil from the hidden beauty of the world” -Percy Bysshe Shelley
3 Organizational Devices in Poetry Verse—A line of poetry Couplet—Two lines of rhymed poetry.Stanza—An organizational pattern of verse.Quatrain—A four line stanza or poem.
4 FORMForm is the poem’s structure, or the way the words are arranged on the page.Lines are group into stanzas, which function like paragraphs in prose. Each stanza plays a part in conveying the overall message of the poem.
5 Has a regular pattern of rhythm and/or rhythm TraditionalOrganicCharacteristics: does not follow established rules of formDoes not have a regular pattern of rhythm and may not rhyme at allMay use unconventional spelling, punctuation, and grammarForms: free verse, concrete poetryCharacteristics: follows fixed rules, such as a specified number of linesHas a regular pattern of rhythm and/or rhythmForms: epic, ode, ballad, sonnet, haiku, limerick
6 Surgeons must be very careful When they take the knife! TraditionalOrganic1(aleaffalls)oneliness(ee cummings “A Leaf Falls on Loneliness)Surgeons must be very carefulWhen they take the knife!Underneath their fine incisionsStirs the Culprit—Life! (Emily Dickinson)
7 SONNET (TRADITIONAL)Made up of 14 lines, commonly written in iambic pentameter. There are two types: Petrarchan and Shakespearean. A Shakespearean sonnet consists of three quatrains and a final couplet. The rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg.A Petrarchan, or Italian, sonnet rhyme scheme is abba abba cde cde. This consists of an octave (8 lines) and a sestet (6 lines). The octave usually introduces a problem and the sestet provides some sort of solution.
8 POETIC ELEMENTSLike music, language has rhythm. The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line creates the rhythm. Rhyme can occur at the end of the lines as end rhyme or within the lines as internal rhyme.A regular pattern of rhythm is called a meter. A regular pattern of rhyme is called a rhyme scheme.
9 “Back off from this poem. Back off from this poem.” Sound deviceExampleRepetitionA sound, word, phrase, or line that is repeated for emphasis and unity.Alliterationrepetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of wordsAssonancerepetition of vowel sounds in words that don’t end with the same consonantConsonancerepetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of words“Back off from this poem.Back off from this poem.”“Which circle slowly like a silken swish”“deep-eyed and deer in herds”Whose nest is in a watered shoot
10 METERTo identify the poem’s meter, you have to break each line into smaller units, called feet. A foot consists of one stressed syllable and one or two unstressed ones. Look at the type and the number of feet in each line and combine them to define the meter, for example, iambic pentameter.
11 Types of feet:Iamb (reSIST)- consists of an unstressed followed by a stressed syllableTrochee (ABsent)- consists of a stressed followed by an unstressed syllableSpondee (GOAL LINE)- consists of two stressed syllablesNumber of feet:trimeter: (3)tetrameter: (4)pentameter: (5)
12 ^ / ^ / ^ / ^ / ^ / That time | of year | thou mayst | in me | be hold |
13 IMAGERY AND FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Figurative language communicates meanings beyond the literal meaning of words. Simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification, and onomatopoeia are some examples.Figurative language is more descriptive and evokes a stronger emotion.Literal: He was angryFigurative: He burned with anger.
14 TERMS TO KNOW...Simile a comparison b/w two unlike things, containing the words like or as Metaphor a comparison b/w two unlike things without like or as Personification a description of an object, an animal, or a place in human terms, Hyperbole an exaggeration for emphasis or humorous effectMy heart is like singing bird.The assignment was a breeze.This poem has taken in many victimsI’m so hungry that I could eat a horse.