Presentation on theme: "Poetic Terms A small selection. Alliteration—repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words. i.e.: wet, wild, and wooly Allusion - a."— Presentation transcript:
Alliteration—repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words. i.e.: wet, wild, and wooly Allusion - a reference, implicit or explicit to something in literature or history Anaphora – repetition of opening word or phrase in a series of lines Apostrophe – someone who is dead/absent/non-human is addressed as if alive, present, and capable of reply Assonance—repetition of vowel sounds without the repetition of consonants. i.e.: “… my words like silent raindrops fell...”
Blank Verse—an unrhymed form of poetry which normally consists of ten syllables in which every other syllable is stressed. (iambic pentameter) Canto—division of a long poem. Caesura—pause or sudden break in a line of poetry. Consonance—repetition of consonant sounds especially in poetry. i.e.: girls with smooth skin smile Couplet - two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme. A couplet that presents a complete thought is called a closed couplet. Shakespeare used closed couplets to end his sonnets.
Euphony – a smooth, pleasant-sounding choice and arrangement of sounds Figurative Language – language that cannot be taken literally or only literally Foot – basic unit in measurement of metrical verse Free Verse—poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme. Heroic Couplet—2 successive rhyming lines which contain complete thoughts Lyric—a short verse intended to express emotions of the author; most often lyrics are set to music.
Meter—repetition of stressed an unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. Ode—lyric poem written to someone or something > serious and elevated tone. Paradox—statement which at first seems contradictory but which turns out to have a profound meaning. i.e. : Bob Dylan’s lyric: “I was so much older then; I’m younger than that now.” Psalm—a sacred or religious song or lyric. Quatrain – a four line stanza or poem, or a group of four lines unified by a rhyme scheme.
Refrain—repetition of a line or a phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of each stanza. Refrain of a song=chorus. Repetition—repeating of a word or a phrase within a poem or a prose to create a sense of rhyme. Rhyme—similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words. Rhyme Scheme – A rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem or in lyrics for music. It is usually referred to by using letters to indicate which lines rhyme. A change from one rhyme scheme to another often signifies a change in subject matter Rhymed Verse—verse with end rhyme; it usually has a regular meter.
Sonnet – 14 line poem, usually in iambic pentameter with a rhyme scheme following either Italian or English Stanza—the division of poetry named for the # of lines it contains. Couplet: 2 line stanza Triplet: 3 line stanza Quatrain: 4 line stanza Quintet: 5 line stanza Sestet, Septet, Octave All others are called 9, 10, 11 line stanzas, etc. Tone – the speaker’s attitude toward the subject; emotional coloring Verse—Metrical language; the opposite of prose (Blank, Free, or Rhymed)
Sonnets A fourteen line lyric poem usually written in iambic pentameter, that has one of several rhyme schemes. Three types of sonnets: 1.Petrarchan Sonnet (Italian Sonnet) 2.Shakespeaean Sonnet or English Sonnet 3.Spensarian Sonnet
Petrarchan Sonnet Named after 14 th century Italian poet Francis Pretrarch. Divided into two parts. Octave (octet) – the first eight lines of the poem. They usually represent a problem, pose a question, on express an idea. Rhyme scheme of the octave is abbaabba. Sestet (turn) – the last six lines of the poem. They usually resolve the problem, answer the question, or drive home the point. Rhyme scheme of the sestet is cdcdcd or cdecde.
Shakespearean Sonnet or English Sonnet Has three four-line units (quatrains) usually followed by a concluding two-line unit (couplet). The three quatrains often express related ideas or examples. The couplet sums up the poets conclusion or message. The rhyme scheme is most usually abab cdcd efef gg.
Spensarian Sonnet Developed by Edmund Spenser Divided into three quatrains and a couplet The three quatrains develop three distinct but closely related ideas, with a different idea (or commentary) in the couplet. The rhyme scheme links the quatrains abab bcbc cdcd ee