Presentation on theme: "BUILDING SELF-ESTEEM AND SELF-CONFIDENCE"— Presentation transcript:
1 BUILDING SELF-ESTEEM AND SELF-CONFIDENCE CHAPTER 3BUILDING SELF-ESTEEM AND SELF-CONFIDENCE
2 INTRODUCTORY CONCEPTS Self-Esteem is the overall evaluation people make of themselves, positive or negative.The self-concept is what we think about ourselves.Self-esteem is what we feel about ourselves.Positive self-esteem leads to a positive self-concept
3 EIGHT SYMPTOMS OF SELF-ESTEEM (from Self-Esteem Checklist) Excitement about starting each daySelf-confidence for new assignmentsWorking up to potentialTolerating negative feedbackEmotional lift from hard workAccepting sincerity of complimentsAble to compliment othersCan face up to mistakes
4 HOW SELF-ESTEEM DEVELOPS Evolves during life based on interactions with people, events, and things.Early-life encouragement is helpful.Results from accomplishing worthwhile activities and then feeling proud.Genuine accomplishment followed by praise and recognition is important.Inappropriate compliments can turn person into narcissistic praise-junkie.
5 Development of Self-Esteem, continued Many young adults feel insecure if they do not receive compliments regularly.Study found that self-esteem was related to fair procedures in organization.Self-esteem also related to leadership that encourages self-rewards.Leader/supervisor can facilitate self-esteem by emphasizing self-rewards and justice.
6 CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES LEADING TO HIGH SELF-ESTEEM Being praisedBeing listened toBeing spoken to respectfullyGetting attention and hugsExperiencing success in sports or schoolDoing well, then receiving credit
7 CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES LEADING TO LOW SELF-ESTEEM Being harshly criticizedBeing yelled at or beatenBeing ignored, ridiculed or teasedBeing expected to always be “perfect”Many failure experiences in sports or schoolMessages that failed experiences were failures of whole self
8 POSITIVE CONSEQUENCES OF HIGH SELF-ESTEEM Career success including a high incomeGood mental health including feeling good about yourself (high self-esteem prevents many situations from being stressful)Profiting from feedback (secure people profit from negative feedback)Organizational success (workers with high self-esteem perform better)
9 NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF HIGH SELF-ESTEEM Negative consequences occur because of attempting to maintain high status.People with high self-esteem will attempt to do things that diminish others.Combination of high self-esteem with neuroticism often leads to undermining others. Behaviors include going back on word, silent treatment and belittling.
10 ENHANCING SELF-ESTEEM Self-esteem is related to success of your activities and interactions with people.Attain legitimate accomplishments, following this sequence: establish goal; pursue the goal; achieve the goal; as a result develop esteem-like feelings.Be aware of personal strengths (write them down, use group activity to discuss strengths).
11 Enhancing Self-Esteem, continued Rebut the inner critic (inner voice that sends negative messages about your capabilities).Practice self-nurturing (spoil yourself).Minimize settings and interactions that detract from your feelings of competence (feeling incompetent lowers self-esteem).Get help from others (ask for support, socialize with self-esteem boosters).
12 Enhancing Self-Esteem, concluded Model the behavior of people with high self-esteem (watch how they stand, walk, speak, and act).Create a high self-esteem living space (comfortable and attractive for you).Manager can help build self-esteem of group through such means as rewarding accomplishment of challenging tasks, and coaching to teach new skills.
13 THE IMPORTANCE OF SELF-CONFIDENCE AND SELF-EFFICACY Self-efficacy is confidence in your ability to carry out a specific task. Leads to good job performance.Self-confident people set relatively high goals for themselves.Self-confidence contributes to leadership effectiveness.Positive thinking helps attain goals.
14 SOURCES OF FEELINGS OF SELF-CONFIDENCE Actual experience (things done)Experience of others (modeling)Social comparison (comparing self to others)Social persuasion (convincing another person)Emotional arousal (sensations)When these sources are positive, high self-confidence is more likely.
15 DEVELOPING AND ENHANCING SELF-CONFIDENCE Develop a solid knowledge base (working from a base of facts helps you project a confident image).Use positive self-talk (saying positive things about yourself).Avoid negative self-talk (minimize negative statements about yourself).Use positive visual imagery (picture a positive outcome in your mind).
16 Developing and Enhancing Self-Confidence, continued Set high expectations for yourself (the Galatea Effect is a type of self-fulfilling prophecy in which high expectations lead to high performance).Develop the explanatory style of optimists (explaining events in an optimistic way can help preserve self-confidence and self-esteem).Strive for peak performance (exceptional accomplishment in a given task). Concentrate so intently that you are “in the zone.”
17 Developing and Enhancing Self-Confidence, concluded Bounce back from setbacks and embarrassments (resilience is a major contributor to personal effectiveness).Get past the emotional turmoil (begin by accepting the reality of your problem).Find a creative solution to your problem (to plan comeback, you need to solve problem, often by creative alternative).
18 POSITIVE SELF-TALKObjectively state incident casting doubt about self-worth.Interpret what incident does not mean.Interpret what incident does mean.Account for cause of incident.State how to prevent incident from happening again.Now, use positive self-talk.
19 AVOIDING NEGATIVE SELF-TALK Low self-confidence is reflected in statements, such as: “I may be stupid but…” “I know I’m usually wrong but…”Do not use negative self-labels, such as: “idiotic,” “ugly,” “dull,” “loser,” and “hopeless.”Negative self-labeling can do long-term damage to self-confidence.