2 Building Self-Esteem Preview Activity In a group of 3 make a list of events that happen in school that can increase a person’s self-esteem.Make a second list of events that happen in school that can lower a person’s self-esteem.Choose one event from each list and explain to the class how these event can affect self-esteem.
3 Objectives and Vocabulary Compare the effects of high and low self-esteem.Describe the changes in self-esteem that can occur as people age.Identify way to achieve and maintain high self-esteem.Self-esteem
4 Self-Esteem and Your Health How do you decide what movie to see?Everyone, including you has opinions about movies, clothes, food, and other people.You may not be aware of it, but you also have an opinion about yourself.
5 Self-Esteem refers to how much you respect yourself and like yourself. Think of self-esteem as a continuum, ranging from high to low. high lowMany psychologists think that high self-esteem has a positive effect on health, while low self-esteem has a negative effect on health. Do you agree?
6 Benefits of High Self-Esteem People with high self-esteem accept themselves for who they are.Realistic view of their strengths and weaknesses.Maintain a positive attitude even when they fail a taskForm close relationships with people who respects and value them because they value themselves.
7 More Benefits!Research has shown that if you feel good about yourself, you will be more likely to ...Eat wellExercise regularlyAvoid risky behaviorsMore likely to set goals for yourselfAsk for help when neededAnd bounce back quickly from setback and disappointments.
8 Risks of Low Self-Esteem People with low self-esteem don’t have much respect for themselves.They judge themselves harshly and worry to much about what others think of them.May “put on an act” in public to impress others and hide insecurities.Fear of failure and looking bad may prevent them from trying new things.Negative thoughts “I can’t do this” or “I’m not smart enough” make it difficult to succeed.
9 More RisksStudies show that teens with low self-esteem are more likely than peers to…Use drugsDrop out of schoolBecome pregnantSuffer from eating disordersEngage in violent or self-destructive behaviors
10 Journal BreakDo you have high or low self-esteem? How does your self-esteem affect the way you behave?
11 How can you boost your self-esteem What are some ways to boost your self-esteem?Maintain a positive attitudeFocus on your strengthsIdentify and develop your talentsForm close relationshipsSet goals for yourselfAvoid risky behaviorsAsk for helpHelp Others!
12 How Self-Esteem Develops Self-Esteem is not consistent.It can increase or decrease as people interact with their family, their peers, and their community.On average self-esteem drops in early adolescence, increases gradually during adulthood, and decreases again toward the end of life.Why do you think that is?
13 ChildhoodYoung children need support and encouragement from family members.If they have a chance to succeed at small tasks and to build skills, they are likely to become confident individuals.Most children enter with relatively high self-esteem and gradually it declines.This may be because children start to compare themselves to others or may receive more negative feedback from teachers, parents, peers.
14 AdolescenceNormal to be critical of appearance, abilities, interests and shortcomings.Some teens are overly self-conscious, and judge themselves too harshly.May compare themselves to the best athletes or most attractive celebrities.You receive messages about your appearance, gender, cultural group, and values from the media.What are some of these messages?
15 AdulthoodAdults begin to accomplish their goals and take control of their lives.Better able to keep things in perspectiveResearchers are not sure why self-esteem tends to decrease in older adults.May be caused by health problems or limited roles for older adults in society.
16 Improving Self-Esteem How can you achieve and maintain high self-esteem?Don’t base your self-esteem solely on other people’s opinions of you. Focus on your accomplishments, your talents, and your contributions to your family and your community.
17 Reinforcing a positive self image Activity! For this activity you will need a piece of paper and a writing utensil.A timer will be set for 5 minutes.In this time write down EVERYTHING positive about yourself.You can use single words, phrases or sentences.Write down whatever comes to mind.Avoid any negative comments!When the time is up…. Read it over to yourself and journal your thoughts/feelings.
18 Additional tips to boost self-esteem Make a list of your strengths and weaknesses.Set ambitious, but realistic goals for yourself.Do not be too hard on yourself.Rely on your values.Learn to accept compliments.Look beyond your own concerns.Do not focus too much on appearance.
19 Section 2 ReviewPlease answer these questions on a clean sheet of paper in your journal.1. Define self-esteem. Explain the effects that high and low self-esteem may have on health.2. In general, what happens to self-esteem during adolescence? Explain why this change occurs.3. Identify three things you should focus on if you want to improve your self-esteem.4. Describe something that you accomplished in the past year that made you feel proud and explain why.