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Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-1 7.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-1 7."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

2 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-2 Introduction- This slide is for your own information Just to remind you, Influencing is the third function of managerial functions (Planning, Organizing, Influencing, & Controlling). Influencing includes different topics: 1. Leading 2. Motivating 3. Considering groups 4. Communicating 5. Encouraging creativity and innovation 6. Building Corporate Culture

3 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-3 Defining Leadership Leadership: is the process of directing the behavior of others toward the accomplishment of some objectives Directing: causing individuals to act in a certain way or to follow a particular course (i.e. to follow organizational policies, procedures, and job descriptions). Leadership is all about getting things accomplished through people. Leader Followers

4 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-4 Defining Leadership - Leader Versus Manager Leading is NOT the same as Managing (some managers are leaders, some leaders are managers, but they are different) Executives should combine the two roles and have both management skills (focusing on org processes) + leadership skills = to achieve organizational success They should focus on both: Organizational Processes (management) and Concern for People (leadership)

5 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-5 Defining Leadership - Leader Versus Manager

6 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-6 Defining Leadership - Leader Versus Manager Effective Managers

7 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-7 Leadership Today Today’s leaders face the following new situations that were not there in the past: Massive personnel cuts → ↓ level of the organization + ↓ labor expenses Introduce work teams → better decision making & work flow Reengineer work → ↑ efficient & effective Initiate programs→ improve quality of the organization Old leadership style: controlling people & work processes New leadership style: involve employees in the org. & give them freedom to use their abilities as they think the best (The figure in the next slide is an example of how they are different)

8 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-8 Leadership Today

9 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16-9 Leadership Styles 1. Transformational Leadership 2. Coaching 3. Super-leadership 4. Servant Leadership 5. Entrepreneurial Leadership

10 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Styles – (1) Transformational Leadership Transformational Leadership: is the leadership that inspires organizational success by profoundly affecting followers’ beliefs in what an organization should be, as well as their values (such as justice & integrity) It is also called Charismatic Leadership and Inspirational Leadership It creates the sense of duty in the organization It encourages new ways of handling problems It promotes learning within the org members It is having more attention nowadays because many organizations are going through the challenge of dramatic changes to be more competitive in a global business.

11 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Styles – (1) Transformational Leadership The Tasks of Transformational Leaders: 1. They raise followers’ awareness of organizational issues and their consequences (understand high priority issues and what will happen if they were not resolved successfully) 2. They create a vision of what the organization should be, build commitment to that vision throughout the organization, and facilitate organizational changes that support the vision (consistent with the organization strategy)

12 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Styles – (2) Coaching Coaching: is leadership that instructs followers on how to meet the special organizational challenges they face. The coaching leader identifies inappropriate behavior in followers and suggest how they might correct it. Coaching is important nowadays because the increasing use of teams Coaching Behavior: 1. Listens closely: to gather facts and feelings & emotions 2. Gives emotional support: personal encouragement to motivate them to do their best to meet the high demands of successful organizations 3. Shows by example what constitutes appropriate behavior: by demonstrating (showing) expertise, they gain trust & respect of followers.

13 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Styles – (2) Coaching

14 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Styles – (3) Super-leadership Super-leadership: is leading by showing others how to lead themselves. Superleaders teach followers how to: Think on their own Act constructively Act dependently Eliminate negative thoughts & beliefs (about the company & coworkers) and replace it with positive & constructive beliefs. Build self-confidence by convincing them that they are competent, have potentials, & capable of meeting difficult challenges Objective: followers will need very little leadership/attention, work independently, and be productive (Why it is Important?) Because today’s organizations structure is flatter → fewer leader- manager

15 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Styles – (4) Servant Leadership Servant Leadership: leaders view their primary role as helping followers in their quests to satisfy personal needs, aspirations, and interests. They place high value on service to others over self-interests They see their main responsibility as the care of human resources of the organizations. They think that human resources are the most valuable resource They try to transform their followers into wiser and more autonomous individuals → more successful organization Servant leadership focuses on empowerment, sense of community, & sharing of authority Servant leadership has high potential for enhancing org. success.

16 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Styles – (4) Servant Leadership Characteristics of Servant leaders are: 1. Good listeners: (how?) 2. Persuasive: (how?) 3. Aware of their surroundings: (how?) 4. Empathetic: (how?) 5. Stewards: (how?) Empathy: is the intellectual identification with the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of others. Steward: an individual who is entrusted with managing the affairs of others

17 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Styles – (5) Entrepreneurial Leadership Entrepreneurial Leadership: the attitude that the leader is self- employed They act as if they are playing a critical role in the organization They act as if they are taking risk of losing money or will receive the profit Consider every mistake as if it were a significant error These five styles of leadership are not mutually exclusive (they can be combined in different ways to generate a unique style) (see figure in the next slide)

18 Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Leadership Today


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