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Intercultural Education. Challenges in a Postmodern Society.

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1 Intercultural Education. Challenges in a Postmodern Society

2 "No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main. If a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friend's or of thine own were: any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee." John Donne, Meditation no 17 from "Devotions upon Emergent Occasions"

3 Education the way from a world closed in itself to the awareness and consciousness of a whole universe formal, nonformal, informal education The important role of family, school, society - traditions, mentalities, beliefs… stereotypes - closed, conservative, traditional environments vs openness of mind, understanding, empathy Does school prepare us for life, for the unexpected, for the acceptance of the idea of “difference”, of “alterity”?

4 Culture a part of our deep ego, our spiritual matrix A certain perception of time and space History/ geography Language Religion Arts and artistic works, spiritual values A way of living, eating, drinking, behaving System of norms, rules, beliefs, values

5 Debate on the statement that the national cultural environment gives us the feeling of safety. How can we face then the diversity of the world, can we stay anymore only inside a certain culture and civilization? The long way from your culture to the cultures of the world, the meeting of your inner self with the others…. A mirror, a virtual image in a museum, “ encounter of the third kind” or a real encounter of real people?

6 Intercultural Education Principles, values, attitudes - understanding, tolerance, awareness, openness - intercultural competences – foreign languages, IT skills, communicative skills, knowledge, information, intellectual curiosity, the desire to know, to understand, to discover new worlds, to pursue an adventure into the unknown

7 Which are the challenges of a modern and postmodern society? - “the global village” - a technical world - the relative character of knowledge - a puzzle of small universes lacking cohesion, - cognitive deconstruction - fragmentation, dissolution of values - permanent change, plural histories (see J.F. Lyotard, The Postmodern Condition )

8 Whereas modernism was primarily concerned with principles such as identity, unity, authority, and certainty, postmodernism is often associated with difference, plurality, textuality and skepticism. Relate your personal experiences when confronted with strange and different ways of life, with new cultures and religions ( Alvin Toffler). Define the “ cultural shock”, using your own opinions and impressions.

9 Solutions to face the challenges of a modern and postmodern world - education, knowledge, debate, intercultural approach, philosophical perception of progress, of evolution and anthropology. Do not put labels, try to understand ! Do not be trapped in stereotypes and cliches ! Listen, see, learn about cultures and civilizations, speak to the others, enrich your world, go beyond your limits and fears, as we are part of the continent of mankind!

10 Conclusions “ Homo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto “ I am a man, nothing human is foreign to me…(Terentiu )

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