Presentation on theme: "Topic: Learning and teaching activities"— Presentation transcript:
1 Topic: Learning and teaching activities ObjectivesMaking a comparison between traditional learning and teaching activities and communicative ones
2 Step One Elicit all kinds of classroom activities from students Lesson One Making a comparison between traditional learning and teaching activities and communicative onesPre-task activitiesStep One Elicit all kinds of classroom activities from studentsStep Two Categorize the activitiesWhile-task activitiesStep Three Tell the characteristics of traditional activities and communicative activities.Step Four Tell the use of different activitiesPost-task activitiesStep Five Give a feedback to students
3 Activities and Exercises Real communication activitiesPractice communication activitiesShaping exercisesFocusing exercises
4 Learning and teaching activities In the Grammar-translation MethodIn the Direct MethodIn the Audiolingual MethodIn the Communicative ApproachIn the Activities-based Approach
5 In the Grammar-translation Method Characteristics:1. Grammar is taught in deductive way .2. Grammar analysis, explanation and translation serve the purpose of mastering grammatical rules.3. Reading and writing are the major focus, little or no systematic attention is paid to speaking or listening.4.The sentence is the basic unit of language teaching and learing.5. Accuracy rather than fluency is emphasized.
6 Techniques: Reading Translation Deductive teaching of grammar Analysis and comparisonMemorizationReading comprehension questionsWritten work
7 In the Direct Method Characteristics: 1, The meaning of a new target language word or phrase is presented by relating the expression directly to objects visual aids, or to familiar words in the foreign language wherever possible.2. Grammar was taught inductively.3. correct pronunciation and grammar were emphasized.4.Reading and writing exercises are based upon what the students practice orally first.5.The target language is used exclusively in the language classroom as means of instruction and communication. The use of the first language and of translation as a technique is completely avoided.
8 Techniques: Direct association Question and answer exercises Conversation practiceError correctionDictationInductive teaching of grammarListening comprehension tasksGraded composition
9 In the Audiolingual Method Characteristics:1.Dialogues and drills form the basis in audiolingual classroom practice.2.Grammar is induced from examples, explicit grammar rules are not provided.3.Cultural information is contextualized in the dialogs or presented by the teacher.4.Reading and written works is based upon the oral work they did earlier.5. Use Of language laboratory.
11 In the Communicative Approach Characteristics:1.Learner-centred2. Use not usage are emphasized3. Oracy Interaction5. Fluency Authenticity7. Discourse Skills integration9. Information gap10. Immediate feedback11. Choice of language12. Eclecticism
12 Types of communicative activities: Functional communicative activitiesSocial interactional activities
13 Functional communicative activities 1. learners comparing sets of pictures and noting similaritiesand differences.2. Working out a likely sequence of events in a set of pictures.3. Discovering missing features in a map or picture4. Picture strip story5. Following direction6. Draw a picture or shape according to given instruction.7. Solving problems from shared clues8. Scrambled sentences9. Language games
14 Social interactional activities 1. conversation2. Discussion3. Dialogue4. Role play5. Simulation6. Skits7. Improvisation8. Debates