Eugenics and crime: Biological Basis for Crime??? Lombroso.
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Eugenics and crime: Biological Basis for Crime??? Lombroso
SOCIOLOGY not biology: SOCIOLOGY explains deviance not in terms of the individual, but rather how the society reacts to the person or event
Deviance defined: Deviance (violation of norms) and crime (violation of norms written into law) is socially constructed, which means it varies across time and place But it is not the act itself that makes it deviant, but the reaction of the society to the act!!! Deviance is always relative (different people define different acts as deviant)
Case study: Deviance and Drugs Criminalization of a drug is a function of: Norms Time Place Actor Audience How do you see each of these playing a role in “ Hooked: Illegal Drugs ” ?
Case study: Deviance and Drugs Labeling is relative and affected by assumptions about class, race, and gender Why do some drugs remain legal while others not? Who benefits from legal drugs? “ Those drugs that are considered the most deviant are likely to be those most used among less powerful groups … including lower-class individuals, those in socially marginal occupations, students, and those not fully assimilated to the United States ” (pg. 210)
For example … African Americans 12% of population but 50% of those in jail or prison Why??? Class, racial profiling, types of crimes committed and link to profiling, visibility, perception of harm, and media focus ERPA still pending 16% in the population with less than a high school education, 43% of them are in jail or prison
Questions to answer on a piece of paper in pairs: 1) When you think of crime, what specific crimes come to mind? Why are these the crimes you think of first? 2) When you think of a criminal, what mental picture comes to mind? Describe that mental picture. Why is that the picture you have in your mind? ALL TOGETHER: How would you describe the images of crime and criminals that come to mind looking at the images from all groups in class? In terms of cost and loss of life, what types of crime are the most harmful?
The image versus the reality: Harm of elite crime (pg. 206) Intra-racial crime statistics WHY do we have such a distorted image of criminals? Are media representations of crime accurate??? Compare sentencing (pg. 207)
Ethical Dilemma: Ford Motors Pinto Memo, 1968 What would you do???
Deviance in Families Domestic violence and abuse in families is often overlooked, but one of the greatest sources of violence in our society Origins of the phrase “ Rule of Thumb ” (pg. 210)
Reactions to deviance include: Imprisonment We have the highest incarceration rates (see Figure 8.2 on page 218), but incarceration has little to do with reducing crime What invisible punishments help us understand high rates (67%) of recidivism? (pg. 218)
Creative Sentencing? Given high rates of recidivism, is creative sentencing (pg. 219) an option? What types of sentences would you recommend for various crimes? Are there instances in which you would not use creative sentencing? Do you approve of the use of creative sentencing in the 3 cases in your book?