Cooperative Learning “We become ourselves through others” Lev Vygotsky.
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Cooperative Learning “We become ourselves through others” Lev Vygotsky
Definition Cooperative Learning is a structured teaching methods in which small groups work together toward a common goal. Assumptions: Positive Interdependence. Individual Accountability.
Model of CL CL Forms attitudes and values Provides models of prosocial behavior Presents alternative perspectives and viewpoints Builds a coherent and integrated identity Promotes critical thinking, reasoning, and problem- solving behavior Resulting in improved collaborative skills Better self-esteem increased achievement
Components of a CL Activity Teacher-Students Activity aims to promote individual thinking to improve sharing for common purpose Student-Student Activity each learner should have desire to facilitate the task performance of group members. Task Specializations and Materials divide task into subparts. Subparts depend each other. plan activity time Role Expectations and Responsibilities
Components of a CL Activity Establishing A Cooperative Task Structure in the Classroom Specify the goal of the activity (outcome, understanding, team spirit) Structuring task (group size and composition, time on task, role assignments, reinforcements) teach and evaluate collaborative process monitor group performance debrief (short, clear, emphasizing collaborative feedback)