Groups Groups are a normal part of life. Every group is different: -Different purposes -Different people -Different relationships
Characteristics of Groups 1) Size 2) Interdependence of Members 3) Group Identity 4) Group Goals 5) Group Structure
Size 3-13 members *5 is considered optimal. *Some studies say as many as 20 can be functional. Too large a group can lead to social loafing.
Interdependence of Members Cooperation Dependence Mutual Influence Subordination to Goal
Group Identity Groups only exist when members are able to think of themselves as a group. Shared Values Shared Goals
Group Goals Goals=the reason the group exists. The group goal is not the same as individual goals.
Group Structure Rules, Norms, and Roles Informal Structure Sometimes roles are defined formally.
Groups Vs. Teams A team is a group of individuals who have come together to achieve a specific, common goal. All teams are small groups, but not all small groups operate as teams.** The definition of a small group that I gave you earlier clearly fits the definition of teams: Teams are typically small groups of people with a common purpose and a sense of belonging, who exert influence over one another.
Groups Vs. Teams GroupsTeams Goals Goals may be discussed in general terms. Clear, elevating goals drive all aspects of team accomplishment. Roles and Responsibilities Roles and responsibilities may be discussed but are not always explicitly defined or developed. Roles and responsibilities are clearly developed and discussed. Rules Rules are not formally developed and evolve according the group’s needs Rules and operating procedures are clearly discussed and developed to help team work together. Methods Group members interact, and work is usually divided. Team members collaborate and coordinate efforts. Team members work together interdependently.