Presentation on theme: "SITREP/SPOTREP Task: Perform SITREP/SPOTREP"— Presentation transcript:
1 SITREP/SPOTREP Task: Perform SITREP/SPOTREP Condition: In a classroom setting you will perform actions for SITREP/SPOTREP; given task steps, brief guidance and examples.Standards: You will be able to successfully complete performance test as a group/individual.
2 SPOTREPGeneral Instructions: Used to send information to provide timely intelligence or status regarding events that could have an immediate and significant effect on current planning and operations.
3 SPOTREP Line 1 – DTG (Date and Time) (20OCT20071500) Line 2 – Unit (Unit making report)Line 3 – Size (Size of Enemy Unit)Line 4 – Activity (Enemy Activity at DTG)Line 5 – Location (6 Digit Grid w/ Grid Zone Designator) (Enemy activity or event observed)
4 SPOTREP Line 6 – Unit (Enemy Unit) Line 7 – Time (DTG of Observation) Line 8 – Equipment (Of Unit Observed)Line 9 – Sender’s Assessment (Specific sender information)Line 10 – Narrative (Free Text for Additional Information or Clarification of report information)Line 11 – Authentication
5 SITREPGeneral Information: Used to keep the Commander’s higher and lower staff updated and advised on the reporting commander’s critical situation.
6 SITREP Line 1 – Date and Time (DTG) Line 2 – Unit (Unit Making Report) Line 3 – Reference (Report Title, Originator and DTG)Line 4 – Originator (Unit ID Code of unit making report)Line 5 – Reported Unit (Unit ID of Reported unit)
7 SITREPLine 6 – Home Location (UTM or 6 Digit Grid Coordinates of Hone location of reported unit)Line 7 – Present Location (UTM or 6 Digit Grid Coordinates or Present location of reported unit)Line 8 – Activity (Brief Description of Reported Unit’s Current Activity)
8 SITREPLine 9 – Effective (Cdr’s Evaluation of the Reported Unit’s Combat Effectiveness)Line 10 – Own Situation Disposition/Status (A Summary updating changes to or not previously reported; Significant Mission Readiness; Current Deployments; Proposed Deployments; Changes in Task Force Designations)
9 SITREP Line 11 – Location (UTM or 6 Digit Grid Coordinates) Line 12 – Situation Overview (A brief overall assessment of the situation to include circumstances or conditions which increase or materially detract from the capability and readiness of forces assigned or under operational control of the command or service)
10 SITREPLine 13 – Operations (Brief description and results of Offensive and Defensive Operations Carried out by Major Combat elements during period of report; info on allied forces operations in area; summary of combat operation plans for next 24 hrs; Deviations or Variations from previously reported intentions/plans)
11 SITREPLine 14 – Intelligence/Reconnaissance (Brief Overview of the situation; Order of Battle; Capabilities; Threat Changes; Any significant SITREPs or Intelligence reports submitted in previous 24 hrs)Line 15 – Logistics (Significant Deficiencies affecting support for planned operations; problem areas beyond Cdr’s capability or overcome or alleviate in a timely manner)
12 SITREPLine 16 – Communications/Connectivity (significant outages; traffic volume; assessment of the mission impact)Line 17 – Personnel (Factors affecting readiness of forces/units; Mobilizations status; Daily battle casualties (aggregated by service impact of critical skills/key personnel))
13 SITREPLine 18 – Significant Political/Military/Diplomatic Events (Events not reports but could result in US and local public reaction; Civil unrest indicators; events emphasizing interests of key segments of society)Line 19 – CDR’s Eval (Summary of key points from 12-19; Continuity of Operations)Line 20 – Narrative (Free Text for info required for clarification of report)Line 21 - Authentication
14 Request Medical Evacuation Task: Request Medical EvacuationCondition: You have a casualty requiring MEDEVAC and a patient pickup site. Necessary equipment and materials, operational communications, military map, and grid coordinate scale.Standards: Transmit a MEDEVAC request, provide all necessary information within 25 seconds (lines 1-5); Transmit Lines 6-9 while aircraft or vehicle was en route.
15 Request Medical Evacuation Line 1 – Location of Pickup Site (6 Digit Grid Coordinates)Line 2 – Radio Frequency, Call Sign and Suffix (Person at Pickup site)Line 3 – Number or Patients by Precedence (A- - Urgent; B – Urgent-Surgical; C – Priority, D – Routine, E – Convenience) ( If TWO or more categories are reported in same request must insert “ BREAK” between each category)
16 Request Medical Evacuation Line 4 – Special Equipment (A – None, B – Hoist, C – Extraction equipment, D – Ventilator)Line 5 – Number of Patients by Type (L – Litter, A – Ambulatory (sitting)) (“Break” must be inserted between litter and ambulatory)Line 6 – Security of Pickup Site (N – No troops in area, P – Possible troops in area, E – Enemy troops in area, X – Enemy troops in area (armed escort required))
17 Request Medical Evacuation Line 7 – Method of Marking Pickup Site (A- Panels, B – Pyrotechnic signal, C – Smoke Signal, D – None, E – Other) (For security reasons the crew should call color of smoke and unit should verify.)Line 8 – Patient Nationality (A – US Military, B – US Civilian, C – Non-US Military, D – Non- US Military, E – EPW) (Number or patients per category need not be transmitted)
18 Request Medical Evacuation Line 9 – NBC Contamination (wartime)(N – Nuclear, B – Biological, C – Chemical)Line 9 – NBC Contamination (peacetime) (Include details of terrain features near proposed pickup site)
19 Call For Fire Task: Call For Fire Condition: As a FO; operational communications; intelligence data.Standards: Successfully call in Grid Coordinates or Known TRP, adjusts fire onto target.
20 Call For Fire I. Observation Identification: Call signs II. Warning Order:a. Type of Mission(1) Adjust Fire(2) Fire for Effect(3) Suppress (Planned Target)(4) Immediate Suppressionb. Size Of the Element to Fire(1) Omission indicates a request for one FA battery(2) larger units by stating size desired
21 Call For Fire c. Method of target Location III. Target Location: (1) Grid: No announcement(2) Polar Plot: Announce the word “ Polar”(3) Shift from known point: Announce the word “Shift” followed immediately by the designation (TGT number) of the know point)III. Target Location:a. Grid: Two character six digit gridb. Polar: Direction and distance to the target from the observers position
22 Call For Fire IV Target Description: A word picture of the target. c. Shift: Direction to the Target:Lateral Shift (left/right) in metersRange Shift (add/drop) in metersVertical shift (up/down) in metersIV Target Description: A word picture of the target.V Method of Engagement:a. Type engagement:(1) Area Fire: Standard without request(2) Precision Fire: Used only with destruction or registration missions
23 Call For Fire b. Danger Close: Announced when applicable c. Trajectory:(1) Low Angle: standard without request(2) High Angle: Upon request of observer or when required due to masking terrain.d. Ammunition:(1) Type projectile desired in Fire for Effect phase.(2) Type of fuse action desired in Fire for Effect ph.(3) Volume of fire desired in Fire for Effect stated in rounds in howitzer(4) Distribution: Type shell desired. Parallel is standard without request.
24 Call For Fire Method of Fire and Control a. Method of Fire (1) Center Platoon/center section is standard for adjustment phase(2) Battery/platoon right/left on request(3) Time interval 95 seconds is standard when (2) is used
25 Call For Fire b. Method of Control (1) Fire when ready: Standard no request required.(2) At my command: Weapons fire at FO command.(3) Cannot Observe: Fire will not be observed.(4) Time to Target: Rounds land as specific time.(5) Continuous illumination: FDC will determine when to fire.(6) Coordinated illumination: FO determines when illumination is fired.(7) Cease Firing: Used on missions with two or more rounds in effect. Causes firing unit to stop loading rounds.(8) Check Firing: Temporary halt in firing.
26 Call For FireDanger Close – Included in the Method of engagement portion of the call when the target is within 600 meters of any friendly troops for both mortars and field battery. The FO should make range changes by creeping the rounds tot eh target using portions of no more than 100 meters.
27 Call For Fire Minimum Bracketing Guide If estimated range to then initialtarget is: bracket is:Meters MetersMeters Meters2000 Meters and beyond Meters
28 Call For FireRange Corrections – in conducting an adjustment on the target the observer should establish a range bracket as early in the adjustment as possible. When the 1st definite range spotting is made, the observer should make a range correction that will cause the next round to be spotted opposite that of the previous round.
29 Call For Fire Determining Direction to Target: a. Using a Compass: FO can Measure directionb. Scaling from a Map: Using a protractor scale from a map an FO can get accuracy of 10 mils.c. Measuring from a Reference Point: Using a reference point with know direction, the FO and measure angle between them.
30 Call For Fired. Estimating: With a through terrain map analysis the FO can estimate direction by visualizing the eight cardinal directions.e. Using Other Measuring Devises: The FO can use other measuring devised such as aiming circle, battery cdr’s scope, or laser devise. Estimating Mils with hand. (examples)
31 Call For Fire Sending the Call for Fire A. Observer’s identification and warning orderB. Target locationC. Target description, Method of Engagement, and Method of Fire and Control.
32 REVIEW SPOTREP Q. Similar to what other Military acronym? A. SALUTE Q. Used to send what?A. Info providing timely intelligence or status
33 REVIEW SITREP Q. Used for what? A. To keep Cdr’s higher and lower staff updated and advised on situation.Q. What is Line 17 & what’s its function?A. Personnel; factors affecting readiness of forces/unit. Daily battle casualties.
34 REVIEW MEDEVAC Q. How many lines? A. Nine Q. If two or more categories are reported in same report for number of patients, what must be done?A. Insert the word “break” between each category.
35 REVIEW Call for Fire Q. How many type’s of missions? A. 4 (Adjust Fire; Fire for effect; Suppress; Immediate Suppression).Q. Three types of target location?A. Grid; Polar; Shift from known point.Q. Danger Close is called when target is within how many meters?A. 600 Meters.