2 Task: Provide a basic understanding of the SPOTREP/ SITREP Conditions: In a class room environment with a Power Point Presentation, followed by scenario's on the PT field .Standards: Understanding the purpose of the SPOTREP/ SITREP.
3 SIT REPSITREP-situation report is a military acronym that stands for, Situation report. A sitrep can be defined as; A short concise statement identifying a units current location and tactical situation.The SITREP is submitted by subordinate units to their higher headquarters to report their tactical situation and status. It is submitted daily at 0600 and 1800 hours, after significant events, or as otherwise requested by the platoon leader or commander.
4 SPOTREPA SPOTREP is used when scouts observe any known or suspected threat activity, when they observe any characteristic of the area of operations likely to affect accomplishment of the mission, or when required by the OPORD.Always send threat information in the clear. A SPOTREP takes priority over all other routine radio traffic. The initial SPOTREP should follow no more than 1 minute after the contact report.
5 REPORTSReports are the primary means of providing information for plans and decisions. They must be accurate, timely, and complete.Procedures for preparing, transmitting, and safeguarding reports will vary from unit to unit and from situation to situation. Among the factors influencing report procedures are the preferences and requirements of the chain of command, the tactical environment in which the platoon is operating, available equipment, terrain, and the electronic warfare situation. Digital systems, for example, enable the transmission of accurate preformatted reports.One factor, however, remains constant for leaders at all levels: the importance of compiling timely, accurate information and of relaying that information by the clearest, quickest, and most secure method possible. Every platoon leader can save time, ensure completeness, and reduce confusion in this process by developing and implementing thorough SOPs covering report procedures
6 SPOTREP LINE 1 -- DATE AND TIME______________________________(DTG) LINE 2 -- UNIT________________________________________(Unit Making Report)LINE 3 -- SIZE_________________________________________(Size of Enemy Unit)LINE 4 -- ACTIVITY____________________________________(Enemy Activity at DTG of Report)LINE 5 -- LOCATION___________________________________(UTM or Six-Digit Grid Coordinate With MGRS Grid Zone Designator) of Enemy Activity or Event Observed)LINE 6 -- UNIT________________________________________(Enemy Unit)LINE 7 -- TIME ________________________________________(DTG of Observation)LINE 8 -- EQUIPMENT__________________________________(Equipment of Unit Observed)LINE 9 -- SENDER’S ASSESSMENT_______________________(Specific Sender Information)LINE NARRATIVE_________________________________(Free Text for Additional Information Required for Clarification of Report)LINE AUTHENTICATION___________________________(Report Authentication)
7 Reporting Cycle / Battle Rhythm During Disaster Response : FORMAT: B-6. State "SPOTREP" or "UPDATED SPOTREP," followed by pertinent information on these lines: Line ALPHA: Observer or source (omit if it is the calling station; use call signs or description otherwise).Line BRAVO: Activity or characteristic being observed. Use the SALUTE format:Size: The number of sighted personnel, vehicles, or other equipment.Activity: What the threat is doing.Location: Grid coordinates.Unit: Patches, signs, or markings.Time: Time the activity was observed.Equipment: Description or identification of all equipment associated with the activity.Line CHARLIE: Actions you have taken and your recommendations. Actions usually involve conducting additional reconnaissance to determine the complete threat situation or recommending and executing a specific course of action.Line DELTA: Self-authentication (if required).NOTE: Report the center of mass of identical, closely grouped items. Otherwise, report multiple grid coordinates of traces (from ________to ________).0300 SITREP input due to DHS/NOC0600 SITREP due to DHS Secretary/HSC1500 SITREP input due to DHS/NOC1800 SITREP due to DHS Secretary/HSCSPOTREPS: As significant events occur (based on critical information requirements)
8 EXAMPLE “YANKEE 27, THIS IS YANKEE 23. SPOTREP, OVER EXAMPLE “YANKEE 27, THIS IS YANKEE 23. SPOTREP, OVER. ONE BRDM, STATIONARY, ORIENTED SOUTH AT GRID MS289546; 1725 HOURS. CONTINUING TO OBSERVE, OVER.”
9 FORMAT State "SITREP," followed by pertinent information on these lines: Line 1: The as-of date-time group (DTG). Line 2: Brief summary of threat activity, casualties inflicted, and prisoners captured. Line 3: Friendly locations (encoded using control measures or TIRS points). The following can be listed: CP locations.First subelement’s center of mass.Second subelement’s center of mass.Third subelement’s center of mass.Any additional elements as necessary.
10 Line 4: Combat vehicles operational Line 4: Combat vehicles operational. The following types of vehicles can be listed: Tanks.CFVs.APCs.ITVs.Mortar Vehicles.AVLBs.HMMWVs.Line 5: Defensive obstacles (encoded using codes, control measures, or TIR points). The following can be listed: Type and location of obstacles. Abbreviations can include MF (minefield), TD (tank ditch), AB (abatis), RC (road crater), and CW (concertina wire).Type and location of executed demoliton targets.Type and location of reserved demolition targets.Line 6: Personnel strength, classified using these status levels: GREEN: full strength; 90% or more fit for duty.AMBER: reduced strength; 80 to 89% fit for duty.RED: reduced strength; 60 to 79% fit for duty; the unit is mission-capable.BLACK: reduced strength; 59% or less fit for duty.
11 Line 7: Classes III and V supplies available for combat vehicles Line 7: Classes III and V supplies available for combat vehicles. Status levels for ammunition and fuel are the same (GREEN, AMBER, RED, OR BLACK) as for personnel strength, with percentages referring to the amount of basic load level available. Refer to Line 6 of this report. NOTE: If an item is reported as status level BLACK on lines 6 or 7, the appropriate logistics report must follow. Line 8: Summary of tactical intentions.
12 EXAMPLE “YANKEE 21, THIS IS YANKEE 02, SITREP, OVER. LINE 1: LINE 2: NEGATIVE CONTACT. LINE 3: VISIT 7. LINE 4B: 2. LINE 5: ABATIS, FROM X19 EAST ZERO POINT THREE NORTH ONE POINT SEVEN. LINE 6: GREEN. LINE 7A: GREEN. LINE 7B: AMBER. LINE 8: CONTINUING MISSION.”
13 Explosive Hazard Spot Report Line 1. Date-time group (DTG) the item was discovered. Line 2. Reporting activity (unit identification code) and location (8-digit grid of UXO). Line 3. Contact Method: Radio frequency, call sign, point of contact, and telephone number. Line 4. Type of Ordnance: Dropped, projected, placed, possible IED, or thrown. If known, givethe size of the hazard area and number of items. Without touching, disturbing, or approaching (tripwire) the item,include details about size, shape, color, and condition (intact or leaking). Line 5. CBRN Contamination: If present, be as specific as possible. Line 6. Resources Threatened: Report any threatened equipment, facilities, or other assets. Line 7. Impact on Mission: Provide a short description of your current tactical situation and how the presenceof the UXO affects your status. Line 8. Protective Measures: Describe any measures taken to protect personnel and equipment. Line 9. Recommended Priority: Recommend a priority for response by EOD technicians.Immediate - Stops the unit’s maneuver and mission capability or threatens critical assets vital to the mission.Indirect - Slows the unit’s maneuver and mission capability or threatens critical assets important to the mission.Minor - Reduces the unit’s maneuver and mission capability or threatens non-critical assets of value.No Threat - Has little or no affect on the unit’s capabilities or assets
14 Target LocationFollowing the type of mission, the method of target location is announced; this prepares the FDC to receive the data sent by the observer and apply it to locate the target. The three methods for locating targets are grid, polar plot, and shift from a known point.Only the polar plot and shift methods are initially announced to the FDC. If the observer does not specify either polar or shift, the FDC knows the grid method is being used; the word “grid” is not announced in the initial transmission. Example: “H24 - THIS IS H67 - FIRE FOR EFFECT POLAR - OVER.” (NOTE: The word “grid” is announced at the beginning of a subsequent transmission calling for an adjustment of fires. Example: “H24 THIS IS H67 - ADJUST FIRE OVER. H24 THIS IS H67 - GRID OVER.”) Grid Method
15 Range Spotting8-51. As applied to range (short or over), spotting is required to make adjustments to place fire on the target. The following terminology is used in this process: OVER. This term is used for a round that appears to impact beyond the adjusting point.SHORT. This is used for a round that appears to strike between the observer and the adjusting point.TARGET. This spotting term describes a round that hits the target; it is used only in precision fire (destruction missions).RANGE CORRECT. This is used for a round that appears to be at the correct range.DOUBTFUL. This is used for a round that can be observed but cannot be spotted in one of the previous categories (over, short, target, or range correct).LOST. This describes a round whose location cannot be determined.LOST OVER or LOST SHORT. These terms are used for a round that is not observed but that is definitely known to be beyond or short of the adjusting point.8-52. Any range spotting other than “DOUBTFUL” or “LOST” is definite. Usually, an adjusting round’s burst that is on or near the OT line will give a definite range spotting. The observer can make a definite range spotting even when the burst is not on or near the OT line. He uses his knowledge of the terrain or wind and observes debris scattered by the impact; however, if the observer is not sure (“DOUBTFUL”), the correction he sends to the FDC should be for deviation (“LEFT” or “RIGHT”) only. This is done to bring the burst on line to get a definite range spotting (“OVER, ” “SHORT, ” or “TARGET”).