Presentation on theme: "CASUALTY EVACUATION OPERATIONS. PURPOSE The purpose of this briefing is to provide an overview of casualty evacuation procedures and to provide you the."— Presentation transcript:
CASUALTY EVACUATION OPERATIONS
PURPOSE The purpose of this briefing is to provide an overview of casualty evacuation procedures and to provide you the information necessary to set up a SOP for casualty evacuation procedures at your respective sites
TASK: Conduct cas-evac operations CONDITIONS: In a field environment, given an injured soldier, a radio, a combat lifesaver bag, and the desire to save their buddy’s life. STANDARDS: Soldiers must demonstrate a general knowledge of cas-evac operations, properly format and submit a med-evac request utilizing the “nine line” format.
REFERENCES FM 8-10-4, Medical Platoon Leader’s Handbook (TTPs) FM 7-20, The Infantry Battalion CTC Trends, JRTC, Nov 97, No. 97-19 CALL Newsletter, Jul 99, No. 99-6 CMTC Trends Compendium Apr 98 FM 21-11, First Aid for Soldiers
AGENDA REDUCING COMBAT DEATHS CHS LIFESAVING MEASURES IMPORTANCE OF THE CLS PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES TRANSPORTATION OF CASUALTIES CATEGORIES OF PRECEDENCE THE MEDEVAC REQUEST
Majority of combat deaths occur on The battlefield before evacuation Takes place 80% of combat deaths occur within First hour after initial injury 50% of combat deaths are a result of the soldier bleeding to death Of these 50% of combat deaths, 40% could have lived had the bleeding been stopped REDUCING COMBAT DEATHS
A MEMBER OF THE SQUAD OR CREW TRAINED, EVALUATED & CERTIFIED IN MEDICAL SKILLS EXPERTISE BEYOND BASIC FIRST AID WHAT IS A COMBAT LIFESAVER?
ADDITIONAL LIFESAVING EXPERTISE AT THE SQUAD/CREW LEVEL EXTENSION OF THE PLATOON MEDIC USES SKILLS & EQUIPMENT CONSISTENT WITH HIS SECONDARY MISSION PRIMARY MOS IS FIRST RESPONSIBILITY COMBAT LIFESAVER’S ROLE
Medical Evacuation Medical Treatment Facilities Basic Planning Considerations
Planning Medical Evacuation Medical evacuation requirements and units available are listed to include their locations, missions, and attachments. Location of casualty collecting points and ambulance exchange points are placed on overlays. Identify routes, means and schedules (if any) of evacuation and responsibilities. Evacuation request procedures and channels.
Medical Treatment Facilities Medical treatment facilities (aid stations, hospitals). Locations and missions of appropriate medical treatment facilities.
EXECUTION: Casualty evacuation is a team effort. The primary duty of a combat lifesaver is the mission. Treatment of casualties is secondary. Appropriate ground and air evacuation techniques should be used based on METT-T and on patient categories of precedence (URGENT, PRIORITY, and ROUTINE). COMMUNICATIONS: Redundant communications are important to timely casualty evacuation. SAFETY: Leaders must retain common sense and attention to safety considerations despite their concern for casualties.
Transportation of Casualties When the situation is urgent you may have to transport the casualty. For this reason, you must know how to transport him without increasing the seriousness of his condition. Transporting a casualty by litter is safer and more comfortable for him than by manual means; it is also easier for you. Manual transportation, however, may be the only feasible method because of the terrain or the combat situation.
Standard Evacuation Types UH-60A/Q Ambulance *An M113 series Armored Ambulance can carry 4 litters
Non-Standard Evacuation Types
USE SPECIALIZED EQUIPMENT POLELESS LITTER SKED LITTER DESIGNATE AND TRAIN AID AND LITTER TMS Casualty Evacuation TTPs
The rapidly employable lightweight litter, referred to as the SKEDS litter, is designed to be used as a rescue system in most types of terrain, including mountains, jungle, waterborne, and on snow or ice.
Manual Carries One-man carries Two-man carries
Manual Carries (One Man) Fireman’s Carry Support Carry Arms Carry Pistol-belt Carry and Drag Neck Drag
TWO-MAN SUPPORT CARRY
TWO-MAN SUPPORT CARRY (cont)
Manual Carries (two man) Two man support carry Two man arms carry Two man fore-and- aft carry Two hand seat carry
CATEGORIES OF PRECEDENCE FOR EVACUATION URGENT -PATIENT WHO SHOULD BE EVACUATED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AND WITHIN TWO HOURS TO SAVE LIFE, LIMB, OR EYESIGHT. PRIORITY -PATIENT WHO SHOULD BE MOVED WITHIN FOUR HOURS OR HIS/HER CONDITION WILL DETERIORATE TO SUCH A DEGREE THAT HE WILL BECOME URGENT. ROUTINE -PERSONNEL WHOSE CONDITION IS NOT EXPECTED TO WORSEN SIGNIFICANTLY AND WHO WILL REQUIRE EVACUATION IN THE NEXT 24 HOURS.
LINEITEM/BREVITY CODES 1Location of pickup site 2Frequency/Call sign of pickup site 3Number of patients by precedence A - URGENT C - PRIORITY D - ROUTINE 4Special equipment A - NONE B - HOIST C - EXTRACTION EQUIPMENT D - VENTILATOR 5Number of patients by type L + # LITTER A + # AMBULATORY 6Security of pickup site N - NO ENEMY P - POSSIBLE ENEMY E - ENEMY IN AREA X - ARMED ESCORT NEEDED 7Method of marking pickup site A - PANELS B - PYROTECHNICS C - SMOKE D - NONE E - OTHER 8Patient nationality and status A - US MILITARY B - US CIVILIAN C - NON US MILITARY D - NON US CIVILIAN E - EPW 9NBC contamination N - NUCLEAR B - BIOLOGICAL C – CHEMICAL MEDEVAC REQUEST FORMAT
LOCATION OF THE PICKUP SITE LINE 1
RADIO FREQUENCY/CALL SIGN AND SUFFIX LINE 2 SOI and ANCD
LINE 3 NUMBER OF PATIENTS BY PRECEDENCE BREVITY CODES: A- URGENT C -PRIORITY D -ROUTINE
BREVITY CODES: –A NONE –B HOIST –C EXTRACTION EQUIPMENT –D VENTILATOR LINE 4 SPECIAL EQUIPMENT REQUIRED
BREVITY CODES: –L + #Patients Litter –A + #Patients Ambulatory LINE 5 NUMBER OF PATIENTS BY TYPE
BREVITY CODES: –N NO ENEMY –P POSSIBLE ENEMY TROOPS IN AREA (APPROACH WITH CAUTION) –E ENEMY TROOPS IN AREA (APPROACH WITH CAUTION) –X ENEMY TROOPS IN AREA (ARMED ESCORT REQUIRED) LINE 6 SECURITY OF PICKUP SITE (WARTIME)
GIVE SPECIFIC INFORMATION, GUNSHOT WOUND, BLEEDING AND BLOOD TYPE IF KNOWN LINE 6 NUMBER AND TYPE OF WOUND, INJURY, OR ILLNESS (PEACETIME)
LINE 7 LINE 7 METHOD OF MARKING PICKUP SITE BREVITY CODE: –A PANELS –B PYROTECHNIC SIGNAL –C SMOKE SIGNAL –D NONE –E OTHER
LINE 8 LINE 8 PATIENT NATIONALITY AND STATUS ENCRYPT BREVITY CODE: –A US MILITARY –B US CIVILIAN –C NON-US MILITARY –D NON-US CIVILIAN –E EPW (Detainee)
LINE 9 LINE 9 NBC CONTAMINATION (Wartime) ENCRYPT BREVITY CODE: –NNUCLEAR –BBIOLOGICAL –CCHEMICAL
LINE 9 LINE 9 TERRAIN DESCRIPTION (PEACETIME) INCLUDE DETAILS OF TERRAIN FEATURES IN AND AROUND PROPOSED LANDING SITE
Example “Badger03 this is Badger76 MEDEVAC 9 line follows—over” “This is Badger03 send it –over” “line 1-- UV 8945 4452 “line 2-- 30300 in the red, badger76 “line 3-- 1C “line 4-- A “line 5-- 1A “line 6-- N “line 6-- 1, broken ankle compound fracture (peacetime) “line 7-- C “line 8--A “line 9-- NONE “line 9-- Open field no power lines.(peacetime) “Over” “This is Badger03 roger out”
SUMMARY REDUCING COMBAT DEATHS CHS LIFESAVING MEASURES IMPORTANCE OF THE CLS PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES TRANSPORTATION OF CASUALTIES CATEGORIES OF PRECEDENCE THE MEDEVAC REQUEST