Presentation on theme: "The Judeo-Christian Tradition"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Judeo-Christian Tradition How the great monotheistic faiths influenced democracy.
2 Ancient Greek & Roman Beliefs Polytheismmany gods & goddesses who reward or punish people for behaviorDifferent than the monotheistic religions (belief in one god), Christianity, Judaism, Islam
3 Judaism Religion of the Hebrews Monotheistic (one God) The Torah God wishes for people to be moral People are created in God’s imageEach person has dignity that can never be taken awayDiffers from Greek & Roman ideas of dignity based on reason and the belief in one godPeople can choose (reason) between good & evil = moral responsibility; individual worthYou are responsible for the choices you make
4 Christianity Ideas stem from Judaism Jesus Christ monotheism personal relationship b/w God & each human beingALL people are equal before God, regardless of status, wealth, nationality...EQUALITY OF ALL PEOPLE=CENTRAL BELIEF OF DEMOCRACY!!!Emphasized social responsibilityLove God, yourself, neighbors, enemiesThe Golden Rule
5 Ideas SpreadJudaism spread as the Jews were repeatedly forced from their homelandsmoved as a community, taking their beliefs to new lands where they influenced othersChristianity spreads across Roman EmpireRoman Catholic Church becomes the world’s most powerful institutionChristianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire
6 Islam Began in Middle East with prophet Muhammed Holy book: Qur’an/KoranHe emphasized…Dignity of all human beingsBelieve that strong community bond will lead to tolerance of different groupsit is the responsibility of the community to fight oppressiongive charityhelp those in need5 Pillars of FaithLaws apply equally to ALL, even leaders
7 Legacy of Judaism, Christianity & Islam Ideas that shaped democracy:Every person has the ability to choose between right and wrongThe duty of the individual and the community to combat oppressionThe worth of an individualThe equality of people before God