4 First to practice Judaism NomadicFirst to practice JudaismAncient IsraelitesNO separation of church and stateReligious leaders made political decisionsMONOtheistic = belief in one godTorah = holy book and source of laws in Jewish society10 CommandmentsCode of ethics and morals contributed to “rule of law”
6 Founder Jesus of Nazareth Born to a Jewish family Crucified because gov’t thought teachings were a threatTeachings became official religion of Roman Empire around 395 A.D.
7 Christian Principles Similarities to Judaism Monotheistic10 CommandmentsConsidered God’s lawsSystem of ethicsNew Testament considered a record of Jesus’ life and teachings
8 Spread of Judeo-Christian Principles Judaism spread through migration of the Jewish people.Christianity spread through missionaries traveling around the Roman Empire.
9 Persecution Roman Empire = POLYtheistic NO freedom of religion in empireNO separation of church & stateBlamed Jews and Christians for economic & social problems
10 Medieval Christianity Christians believed all people were sinnersTo avoid hell, people must participate in sacramentsBaptismCommunionChurch sacraments absolute powerChurch laws = state laws
11 Link to Democracy?Judeo-Christian tradition influenced the rise of democracy due to its moral and ethical principles.The founders of future democracies were influenced by those Judeo-Christian principles.
12 Greco-Roman Judeo-Christian Laws focus on civil mattersLaws focus on moral issuesLaws apply to everyoneLaws come from peopleLaws come from GodLaws written downPeople should use reasonPeople should use faithIndividuals have worthDifferent social classesAll people are equalPeople have duty to obey laws
13 Good words to use when writing about similarities and differences: also, similarly, likewise, however,on the other hand,by comparison,in contrast, while,more/lessAssignmentWrite a paragraph discussing 2 similarities and 2 differences between Greco-Roman ideas and Judeo-Christian ideas.To have a thorough and thoughtful answer, you should:Use your class notes/Venn diagram for ideasHave a topic sentence that restates the question. Example:“There are some similarities and differencesbetween Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian ideas.”Do more than just list the similarities and differences.Example of organized writing:Topic sentence1st similarity1st difference2nd similarity2nd differenceConcluding sentence