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How did Judaism & Christianity influence the rise of democracy?

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Presentation on theme: "How did Judaism & Christianity influence the rise of democracy?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How did Judaism & Christianity influence the rise of democracy?
LECTURE 3 Chapter 1, Sections 3 & 4 Vocabulary that is BOLDED will likely be on the test. (Highlight the words in your notes.)


3 Judaism

4 First to practice Judaism
Nomadic First to practice Judaism Ancient Israelites NO separation of church and state Religious leaders made political decisions MONOtheistic = belief in one god Torah = holy book and source of laws in Jewish society 10 Commandments Code of ethics and morals contributed to “rule of law”

5 Christianity

6 Founder Jesus of Nazareth Born to a Jewish family
Crucified because gov’t thought teachings were a threat Teachings became official religion of Roman Empire around 395 A.D.

7 Christian Principles Similarities to Judaism
Monotheistic 10 Commandments Considered God’s laws System of ethics New Testament considered a record of Jesus’ life and teachings

8 Spread of Judeo-Christian Principles
Judaism spread through migration of the Jewish people. Christianity spread through missionaries traveling around the Roman Empire.

9 Persecution Roman Empire = POLYtheistic
NO freedom of religion in empire NO separation of church & state Blamed Jews and Christians for economic & social problems

10 Medieval Christianity
Christians believed all people were sinners To avoid hell, people must participate in sacraments Baptism Communion Church  sacraments  absolute power Church laws = state laws

11 Link to Democracy? Judeo-Christian tradition influenced the rise of democracy due to its moral and ethical principles. The founders of future democracies were influenced by those Judeo-Christian principles.

12 Greco-Roman Judeo-Christian
Laws focus on civil matters Laws focus on moral issues Laws apply to everyone Laws come from people Laws come from God Laws written down People should use reason People should use faith Individuals have worth Different social classes All people are equal People have duty to obey laws

13 Good words to use when writing about similarities and differences:
also, similarly, likewise, however, on the other hand, by comparison, in contrast, while, more/less Assignment Write a paragraph discussing 2 similarities and 2 differences between Greco-Roman ideas and Judeo-Christian ideas. To have a thorough and thoughtful answer, you should: Use your class notes/Venn diagram for ideas Have a topic sentence that restates the question. Example: “There are some similarities and differences between Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian ideas.” Do more than just list the similarities and differences. Example of organized writing: Topic sentence 1st similarity 1st difference 2nd similarity 2nd difference Concluding sentence

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