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© OECD/IEA 2010 Current status of InterEnerStat definitions UN Expert Group on Energy Statistics – Second meeting New York, 2-5 November 2010 Karen Tréanton Head of Energy Balances, Prices and Emissions Section Energy Statistics Division
© OECD/IEA 2010 Initial remarks There is a difference between definitions and reporting instructions One objective of InterEnerStat was to try to ensure that energy data were “harmonized” - this does not mean that all organizations/countries have to collect the same data in the same way Harmonizing is not always easy, but we would like to praise the commitment and contributions of all participating organizations/countries The last InterEnerStat meeting was 22-23 Oct. 2009 and the definitions were last circulated on 21 Dec. 2009 Since then, additional work has been done to fine tune some of the definitions
© OECD/IEA 2010 So where are we with the definitions? Small corrections (typos as well as technical) Changes tentatively agreed with the UN during the development of the SIEC Changes suggested during the preparation of the ESWG process
© OECD/IEA 2010 Hierarchy issues – normal IEA approach Coal Peat Natural gas Oil Biofuels Waste Electricity Heat includes both primary coal and coal products includes both crude oil and oil products up until now the peat briquettes were with coal Will change publications from “combustible renewables and waste” to “biofuels and waste”
© OECD/IEA 2010 Hierarchy issues – current IRES/InterEnerStat Solid fossil fuels and derived products Coal and coal products Peat and peat products Oil shale Natural gas and oil Natural gas Oil Biofuels and waste Biofuels Waste Electricity Heat only in IRES
© OECD/IEA 2010 Gas oil/diesel oil ESWG issue: the former definitions were misleading Transport diesel was really only road diesel Heating and other gas oil included e.g. marine and rail diesel Proposal for the ESWG: Road diesel Other transport diesel Heating and other gas oil
© OECD/IEA 2010 Biodiesels (1) ESWG issue: the former definition was incomplete and the InterEnerStat definition was not correct Proposal for the ESWG: Definition: Liquid biofuels derived from biomass and used in diesel engines. which are usually modified chemically so that they can be used as fuel in diesel engines either directly or after blending with petroleum diesel.
© OECD/IEA 2010 Biodiesels (2) Explanation:Biodiesels obtained by chemical modification are a linear alkyl ester made by transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats with methanol. The transesterification distinguishes biodiesel from straight vegetable and waste oils. Biodiesel has a flash point of around 150°C and a density of about 0.88 kg/litre. Biological sources of biodiesel include, but are not limited to, vegetable oils made from canola (rapeseed), soybeans, corn, oil palm, peanut, or sunflower. Some liquid biofuels (straight vegetable oils) may be used without chemical modification and their use usually requires modification of the engine. A further category of diesel fuels can be produced by a range of thermal processes (including for example gasification followed by Fischer Tropsch synthesis, pyrolysis followed by hydrogenation, or conversion of sugar to hydrocarbons using microorganisms (e.g. yeast)). A wide range of biomass feedstocks, including cellulosic materials and algal biomass could be used in such processes. Biodiesel may be blended with petroleum diesel or used directly in diesel engines.
© OECD/IEA 2010 Bio jet kerosene ESWG issue: the use of biofuels in air transport is becoming more wide spread and we had no way to track this Proposal for the ESWG: Definition: Liquid biofuels derived from biomass and blended with or replacing jet kerosene. Explanation:Bio jet kerosene can be produced by a range of thermal processes (including for example gasification followed by Fischer Tropsch synthesis, pyrolysis followed by hydrogenation, or conversion of sugar to hydrocarbons using microorganisms (e.g. yeast). A wide range of biomass feedstocks, including cellulosic materials and algal biomass could be used in such processes.
© OECD/IEA 2010 Biogases (1) ESWG issue: the former definitions for several of the gases were incomplete and the InterEnerStat definition was not correct Proposal for the ESWG: Biogases from anaerobic fermentation Natural biogases Landfill gas Sewage sludge gas Other primary biogases from anaerobic fermentation Secondary Biogases from thermal processes
© OECD/IEA 2010 Biogases (2) Definition:Gases arising from the anaerobic fermentation of biomass and the gasification of solid biomass (including biomass in wastes). Explanation:The gases from anaerobic fermentation are composed principally of methane and carbon dioxide and comprise landfill gas, sewage sludge gas and other biogases from anaerobic fermentation. Biogases can also be produced from thermal processes (by gasification or pyrolysis) of biomass and are mixtures containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide (usually known as syngas) along with other components. These gases may be further processed to modify their composition and can be further processed to produce substitute natural gas. Remark:The gases are divided into two groups according to their production: biogases from anaerobic fermentation and biogases from thermal processes. These gases are composed principally of methane and carbon dioxide and comprise Landfill gas, Sewage sludge gas and other biogases. They are used mainly as a fuel but can be used as a chemical feedstock.
© OECD/IEA 2010 Biogases from anaerobic fermentation Definition:The biogases from anaerobic fermentation are composed principally of methane and carbon dioxide and comprise landfill gas, sewage sludge gas and other biogases from anaerobic fermentation. Explanation:The biogases from anaerobic fermentation are composed principally of methane and carbon dioxide and include gas produced from a range of wastes and other biomass materials including energy crops in anaerobic digesters (including sewage sludge gas) and landfill gas. The gases may be processed to remove the carbon dioxide and other constituents to produce a methane fuel.
© OECD/IEA 2010 Other biogases from anaerobic fermentation Definition:Other biogases from anaerobic fermentation not elsewhere specified. Biogases not elsewhere specified including synthesis gas produced from biomass. Explanation:Two of the largest sources of these biogases are the fermentation of energy crops and the fermentation of manure on farms.
© OECD/IEA 2010 Biogases from thermal processes Definition:Biogases from thermal processes (by gasification or pyrolysis) of biomass. Explanation:Biogases from thermal processes are a mixture containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide (usually known as syngas) along with other components. These gases may be further processed to modify their composition and can be further processed to produce substitute natural gas.
© OECD/IEA 2010 Next steps See whether any more small adjustments need to be made based on comments from the IRES meeting ESWG meeting on 30 Nov – 2 Dec in Paris Circulate the 4 th revision of the definitions (containing changes since 21 Dec. 2009) to the InterEnerStat group by early Dec. with a view to finalizing the documents by end Dec./early Jan. Thank you
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