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Metamorphosis of the Frog

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2 Metamorphosis of the Frog
Frogs are animals that belong to the class Amphibia, commonly known as  Amphibians. Amphibians live both on land and in the water; sometimes they live in water only before they are fully grown.

3 Some Froggy Facts Frogs have moist skin that water can pass in and out of, and most of them spend part of their life, when they are tadpoles, in the water. Some frogs are aquatic, spending most of their time in the water. Others are terrestrial, staying mostly on land or in trees.

4 Even More Froggy Facts The name Amphibian means literally 'both life.'
Frogs range in size from less than 0.5 inches to 12 inches long! There are over 2,000 species of frogs and toads.

5 What makes frogs different from other amphibians?
They have smooth skin. Are usually tailless as adults, and Have the ability to leap. Some frogs are able to leap 20 times their body length!

6 Frog Life Cycle A frog begins life as a fertilized egg.
The female frog usually lays the eggs in water in a string or mass that sticks to vegetation. The male frog fertilizes the eggs as they are laid.

7 The Fertilized Egg The outer layer of a fertilized egg is a jelly-like material that swells in water, forming a protective coating.

8 A Frog Embryo The fertilized egg is a single cell that rapidly divides again and again, producing new cells that quickly differentiate into the organs of the frog embryo.

9 A Cute Little Tadpole Hatches
Within 2 to 25 days, depending on water temperature, the egg hatches into a tadpole. The tadpole looks more like a fish at first than like a frog. As the tadpole develops, it forms gills that allow it to breathe efficiently underwater.

10 More Cute Tadpole Info. Its tail grows longer and a fin forms, which allows the tadpole to swim effectively. The tadpole continues to swim, eat and grow for several weeks before it matures to the next stage.

11 The first sign of further development is the appearance of hind legs.

12 An Adorable Froglet Then front legs develop and the tail becomes shorter as it is resorbed. Internally, the tadpole's gills are replaced with lungs until finally the tadpole has become a froglet. The tadpole is now about nine-weeks old.

13 Once the tail is completely absorbed, the young frogs and toads will come on land. Depending on the species, this may be the last time it is near water until it is ready to breed and start the process over again. Metamorphosis usually takes weeks. Climate and water temperature have a lot to do with this process.

14 The young frog grows and matures to adulthood over a period of 2-4 years. The adult frogs then lay their eggs and begin the cycle again.

15 Here's a cool video on frog metamorphosis!

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