2 Fishes and frogs are two kinds of animals that have backbones Fishes and frogs are two kinds of animals that have backbones. They are called vertebrates.Animals with backbonesfrogsfishes
3 You have a backbone too. You can feel it in the middle of your back You have a backbone too. You can feel it in the middle of your back. Your backbone helps you stand up straight. It also helps you move and bend.backbones
4 Fishes and frogs are alike in another way Fishes and frogs are alike in another way. They both lay eggs in or under water.The eggs do not have a hard shell. They have thin coverings and are jellylike. Oxygen from the water passes easily into the egg.
5 Notice that young fish look very much like the adult Notice that young fish look very much like the adult. In time, they will grow bigger, but their body shape will stay the same.eggsadultlarval fishjuvenilefry (until 1 year old)
11 The young frog that hatches from the egg is called a tadpole.
12 A tadpole has body parts for living in water A tadpole has body parts for living in water. It has a tail for swimming. It breathes with external gills like fish do.
13 As the tadpole grows, it develops body parts for living on land As the tadpole grows, it develops body parts for living on land. It grows legs. The tail disappears. Lungs replace gills.
14 Finally, an adult frog forms. It uses its legs to hop Finally, an adult frog forms. It uses its legs to hop. An adult frog lays eggs in water. Some frogs reproduce many times before they die.
15 p. 19 Label the forg life cycle diagram adultadultadulteggstadpoleTadpole with legsfrogletfrogletadult
16 p. 20 Explain Does the tadpole look more like a fish or its frog parents? Why?It looks more like a fish because theybreathe through gills, swim in the water,have a tail and a mouth like fish do.
17 Analyze How is the life cycle of a fish different from the life cycle of afrog?The life cycle of the fish starts in the water and they live their whole lives in the water while the life cycle of the frogs start in the water but they live one part in the water and other part on land.
18 Infer Why does a frog begin its life cycle in the water and then move onto land?Because frogs lay the eggs in the water and when they hatch, the tadpoles breathe thorugh gills under water and they also feed on plankton in water.
19 Analyze What changes may occur in the frog’s body before it can live onland?The tail disappears.Lungs replace gills.It grows legs.