Presentation on theme: "AMPHIBIANS Ms. Bridgeland 5 th Grade. Objectives and Questions: Objective : Describe amphibian characteristics and examine how adult amphibians are adapted."— Presentation transcript:
AMPHIBIANS Ms. Bridgeland 5 th Grade
Objectives and Questions: Objective : Describe amphibian characteristics and examine how adult amphibians are adapted for life on land. Question : What are the main characteristics of amphibians?
Amphibian: Double – life? They begin their lives in water and spend their adulthood on land To reproduce, they return to water
2 Major Groups of Amphibians 1) Salamanders: 2) Frogs/Toads:
How can you tell the difference between salamanders and frogs/toads ? Salamanders have a tail even when they are adults Frog/toads lose their tails before they become adults
What are the differences between FROGS and TOADS ?
FROGS: Need to live near water Have 2 bulging eyes Strong, long, webbed hind feet that are adapted for leaping and swimming Strong and slimy skin (like very moist environments) Will take long jumps Like to lay eggs in clusters Found on every continent except Antarctica More than 400 species Have a lot of PREDATORS
TOADS Can live further away from water Lower, football-shaped eyes Stubby bodies with short hind legs (for walking instead of hopping) Warty and drier skin Lay eggs in long chains Will run or take small hops Can be found worldwide except for Madagascar, the polar regions, and Polynesia More than 300 species Do NOT have a lot of predators
Amphibian Reproduction Salamanders – eggs are fertilized internally Frogs and toads –eggs are fertilized externally For all amphibians, Fertilized eggs develop in water What is special about amphibian eggs is that they have a protective jelly that coats the egg
Stage 1: Adult frogs lay eggs in water
Stage 2: Fertilized Eggs Fertilized eggs are laid in water for a few days
How are Amphibian Eggs different from other eggs?
Stage 3: Larvae After a few days, larvae wriggle out of a jelly that coats the egg and begin a free- swimming, fishlike life larvae of a frog or toad is called a _________
As they grow, larvae undergo a ______________________?
Metamorphosis A process where an animal develops after birth or hatching, involving a sudden change in the animals structure
Stage 4 : Larvae develops hind legs
Stage 5: Front legs develop but frog still has tail
Stage 6: Frog loses tail and becomes a mature adult
Amphibians: ADAPTATIONS What is an adaptation? Once amphibians are adults, what new adaptations do they need to live on land ?
Adaptation 1: OXYGEN While amphibians are larvae, (exampletadpoles), how do they breathe?
Once, they are on land, how do they breathe? Amphibians must get oxygen from the AIR instead of the water once they are on land During metamorphoses, amphibians lose their gills and develop LUNGS. What two gases are exchanged through the lungs? OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE