2 List of all the ways that war is presented as a destructive force in the poem.
3 Categorize the Disruptions Caused by War Social eventsFamily eventsDaily lifeCommerceSchoolRural areasUrban areasLegal system
4 Make a graphic organizer “Success is Counted Sweetest”“War is Kind”Disruptions Caused by War/ Destructiveness of War“Grass”“Patterns”
5 Writing AssignmentSelect ONE of the four poems in the poetry packet we have been working with in class (“Success is Counted Sweetest”, “War is Kind”, “Grass”, and “Patterns” ).Each student should write a paragraph of at least 50 words that explains (with evidence from the poem) how the poem presents war as a destructive force.Students should edit and revise the short paragraphs about the poems with a peer editor.The individuals or partners should be proofreading to ensure that each paragraph accomplishes the following tasks:a) that it clearly explains how war is a destructive force in the poem;b) that it contains specific, accurate references (direct quotes) to the poem that support the thesis (“war as a destructive force”); andc) that the writer has used correct spelling and grammar throughout the paragraph.
6 Remember…Poetry works in two ways: -What it says and -How it says it
7 What it says…Theme- a common thread or repeated idea that is incorporated throughout a literary work.Purpose- the author’s reason for writingSubject- what the author is writing about
8 How it says it…StructureRhymeMeterFigurative Language
9 RhymeThe repetition of vowel sounds in accented syllables and all syllables that follow (ex. glisten – listen)When rhyme is found within the same line of poetry, it is internal rhymeWhen rhyme is found at the end of lines of poetry, it is end rhyme
10 Rhyme The purpose of rhyme is to create a sound cadence for the reader Poets often create a pattern of end rhymeThis pattern, when identified, is called a rhyme schemeWhen determining the rhyme scheme, each rhyming sound is represented by a different letter of the alphabet
11 RhymeBecause rhyming is difficult, and to create different effects on the reader, poets also use approximate rhymeApproximate rhyme is also known as off rhyme, half rhyme, or slant rhymeThese rhymes can be equated to a sharp or flat note in music
12 MeterA pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetryEach syllable in a line of poetry is labeled with a stress mark, or an unstressed markThe purpose of meter is to create a recognizable rhythm through a regular sound pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
13 MeterMetrical patterns, composed of stressed and unstressed syllabic marks, create a foot of meterCommon metrical feet are: iambic, anapestic, trochaic, and dactylicEach is a different combination of stressed and unstressed syllabic marks
14 MeterAn iambic foot of meter is composed of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllableAn anapestic foot of meter is composed of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
16 Figurative LanguageUsing words or phrases to describe something in terms of another thing, with the intent that the description will not be taken literallyThe more common figures of speech are simile, metaphor, personification, and symbolConceit is an elaborate figure of speech that is often lengthy, and which compares two startlingly different objectshyperbole- Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
17 Figurative LanguageSound devices are also a form of figurative languageSome common sound devices are assonance, alliteration, consonance, onomatopoeia
18 Poetic Devices and Terms Allusion is a reference to someone of something known from history, literature, religion, sports, science, etc. – allusion is a device also used in other forms of writingApostrophe is a technique a poet uses to address an inanimate object, idea, or person who is dead or absent – apostrophe is also used in other forms of writing
19 Poetic Devices and Terms Couplet consists of two rhyming lines of poetryQuatrain is a poem consisting of four lines that function as a unit of thought
20 Poetic Devices and Terms Refrain is a word, phrase, line, or group of lines in a poem that are repeated for effect several times during a poemSestet is a six line poem, especially the last six lines of a Petrarchan sonnet
21 Group WorkCreate groups based around each of the four poems that you wrote about earlier.Each group should then subdivide itself, with one subdivision taking on “elements of poetic structure” and the other taking on “elements of figurative language.”In the smaller groups, identify “elements of poetic structure” and “elements of figurative language” as they apply to your particular poem.
22 Re- Group (5 minutes)Regroup based on the assignments of poems and categories.Within each group, share “elements of poetic structure” and “elements of figurative language” that you found when analyzing your assigned poem.
23 Peer Editing and Revision Independent WritingAdd to the paragraph you wrote earlier, two additional paragraphs:one paragraph that explains the poem’s structureand one paragraph that cites examples of at least three uses of figurative language from the poem.Peer Editing and RevisionCheck:That the first paragraph clearly explains how war is a destructive force in the poem; that the second paragraph explains the structure of the poem, and that the third paragraph explains the figurative language used in the poem; andb) that it contains specific, accurate references (direct quotes) to the poem that support the thesis of each paragraph (see list to the left); andc) that the writer has used correct spelling and grammar throughout the paragraph.Revise all three paragraphs:war as a destructive force,poetic structure,figurative language.