Presentation on theme: "What is an adverb? An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, and adjective, or another adverb. – Explorers eagerly chase adventure. Eagerly is an adverb."— Presentation transcript:
What is an adverb? An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, and adjective, or another adverb. – Explorers eagerly chase adventure. Eagerly is an adverb because it is modifying the verb, chase. – Some explorers visit amazingly beautiful places. Amazingly is an adverb because it is modifying the adjective, beautiful. – Others quite bravely explore the unknown- space. Quite is an adverb because it is modifying the adverb, bravely, which is modifying the verb explore.
Adverbs answer the questions how, when, where, or to what extent. - How? suddenly, carefully, sadly - When? now, later, soon - Where? there, up, ahead - To What Extent? completely, totally, fully
Adverbs can appear in different positions in sentences. – The tourists boarded the bus eagerly. (after the verb) – The tourists eagerly boarded the bus. (before the verb) – Eagerly, the tourists boarded the bus. (at the beginning)
Can You Find the Adverb Modifying the Verb? We studied hard for the test. Please listen carefully for the directions. Soon we will be finished with the test. Yesterday we went out to celebrate the grades on the test.
Adverbs that modify adjectives or other adverbs usually come directly before the words they modify. They usually answer the question to what extent. – Marco Polo told really wonderful tales of China. Really modifies the adjective, wonderful. – People were very eager to hear his stories. Very modifies the adjective, eager. – They nearly always hung on every word. Nearly modifies the adverb, always.
Can You Find the Adverb Modifying the Adjective? Sue struggled very hard with that difficult word. He had an awfully neat paper. The discovery was quite significant.
Can You Find the Adverb Modifying Another Adverb? The girl very carefully searched for the lost book. The man proceeded to the nearest exit extremely quickly. The child almost immediately answered the lady.
Many adverbs are formed by adding the suffix, -ly to the end of an adjective. Sometimes the spelling if the base word changes when –ly is added. – Near: add –ly to make it an adverb- nearly – Gentle: drop the e and add –ly to make it an adverb- gently – Easy: change the y to i and add –ly to make it an adverb- easily
Comparative adverbs The comparative form of an adverb is used when you compare a person or thing with one other person or thing. – He finished sooner than she did. If the adverb has one syllable, add an –er to make it comparative. – slow = slower – soon = sooner If the adverb has two or more syllables, add more to the beginning to make it comparative. – calmly = more calmly – briskly = more briskly
Superlative adverbs The superlative form of an adverb is used when you are comparing a person or thing with more than one other person or thing. – He is the quickest of the three boys. If the adverb has one syllable, add an –est to make it superlative. – slow = slowest – soon = soonest If the adverb has two or more syllables, add most to the beginning to make it superlative. – Calmly = most calmly – Briskly = most briskly
Use only one sign of comparison at a time. Do NOT use more and –er together or most and –est together. – Incorrect: That beach has the most whitest sand. – Correct: That beach has the whitest sand.
The comparative and superlative forms of some adjectives and adverbs are completely different words: – good, better, best – bad, worse, worst – well, better, best – much, more, most – little, less, least