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Mental Health A better view of mental illness. What are mental disorders?  A _____________________: is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts,

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Presentation on theme: "Mental Health A better view of mental illness. What are mental disorders?  A _____________________: is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental Health A better view of mental illness

2 What are mental disorders?  A _____________________: is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him/her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life.  Classified into two general types: _____________ and _______________.

3 Mental Disorder Classification  __________________: is one that is clearly caused by a physical illness or an injury that affects the brain.  Ex. Brain tumors, alcoholism, infections (syphilis, meningitis), lupes, and stroke.  __________________; may occur as the result of psychological causes in which no clear brain damage is involved.  Ex. Stress related, emotional conflict, fear, or poor coping skills

4 Functional Disorders  _________________: is an illness in which real, imagined, or persistent fears prevent a person from enjoying life.  A._________________: a fear so strong, a person goes to extreme measures to avoid the fear- producing object or activity; person is often unable to carry out daily activities; often related to a past experience.  B.___________________: is trapped in a pattern of repeated behaviors or thoughts; may interfere with other daily functions.

5 Functional Disorders  C.___________________: fear or anxiety prevails and gets in the way of functioning and enjoying life; may feel anxious, fearful, and upset most of the time, feelings may arise for no apparent reason.  D.___________________: experienced or witnessed a traumatic event feels severe and long lasting aftereffects; military combat, rape victims; flashbacks, nightmares, emotional numbness, guilt; symptoms can appear 6 months to years after event.

6 Functional Disorders  2.______________________: an illness in which a person complains of disease symptoms, but no physical cause can be found. A._________________: preoccupation with the body and fear of presumed diseases that are not present

7 Organic Disorders  3.______________________: an illness often with an organic cause that relates to emotions and may involve mood swings or mood extremes that interfere with everyday living.  A.____________________: feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or despair last for more than a few weeks and interfere with daily activity; can affect one’s performance; can lead to substance abuse; can be biologically based, can also stem from traumas or stressors

8 Functional Disorder  B.____________________: is a psychological illness characterized by extreme mood swings between depression and extreme happiness; often inherited

9 Functional Disorders  4.__________________________: variety of psychological conditions that affect a person’s ability to get along with others; no apparent signs; individual continues to function.  A.______________________: person’s constant conflict with society; may display cruel, uncaring, irresponsible, and impulsive behavior; does not care about other or society.

10 Functional Disorders  B._______________________: uncooperative with others; angry over issues of control, they show their anger indirectly.  C._______________________: serious mental disorder meaning “split mind”; affects 1-2% of the population, most common between the ages of years; withdraw, often lose sense of time and space, hear voices, talk to themselves, hallucinate, act oddly, and often neglect to take care of themselves; may be caused by a physical disorder or genetics.

11 Mental Health  A mental disorder is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him/her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life.  Classified into two general types: organic and functional

12 Mental Health  Organic disorder: is one that is clearly caused by a physical illness or an injury that affects the brain.  Ex. Brain tumors, alcoholism, infections (syphilis, meningitis), lupes, and stroke  Functional disorder: may occur as the result of psychological causes in which no clear brain damage is involved.  Ex. Stress related, emotional conflict, fear, or poor coping skills

13 Mental Health  Anxiety Disorder: is an illness in which real, imagined, or persistent fears prevent a person from enjoying life.  A. Phobias: a fear so strong, a person goes to extreme measures to avoid the fear- producing object or activity; person is often unable to carry out daily activities; often related to a past experience.  B. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: is trapped in a pattern of repeated behaviors or thoughts; may interfere with other daily functions.

14 Mental Health  C.Panic Disorder: fear or anxiety prevails and gets in the way of functioning and enjoying life; may feel anxious, fearful, and upset most of the time, feelings may arise for no apparent reason; “panic attacks”  D.Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder: experienced or witnessed a traumatic event feels severe and long lasting aftereffects; military combat, rape victims; flashbacks, nightmares, emotional numbness, guilt; symptoms can appear 6 months to years after event.

15 Mental Health  Somatoform Disorders: an illness in which a person complains of disease symptoms, but no physical cause can be found.  A. Hypochondria: preoccupation with the body and fear of presumed diseases that are not present

16 Mental Health  Affective Disorders: an illness often with an organic cause that relates to emotions and may involve mood swings or mood extremes that interfere with everyday living.  A.Clinical Depression: feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or despair last for more than a few weeks and interfere with daily activity; can affect one’s performance; can lead to substance abuse; can be biologically based, can also stem from traumas or stressors

17 Mental Health  B.Bipolar Disorder: is a psychological illness characterized by extreme mood swings between depression and extreme happiness; often inherited

18 Mental Health  4. Personality Disorders: variety of psychological conditions that affect a person’s ability to get along with others; no apparent signs; individual continues to function  A. Antisocial Personality Disorder: person’s constant conflict with society; may display cruel, uncaring, irresponsible, and impulsive behavior; does not care about other or society

19 Mental Health  B.Passive- Aggressive Personality Disorder: uncooperative with others; angry over issues of control, they show their anger indirectly  C.Schizophrenia: serious mental disorder meaning “split mind”; affects 1-2% of the population, most common between the ages of years; withdraw, often lose sense of time and space, hear voices, talk to themselves, hallucinate, act oddly, and often neglect to take care of themselves; may be caused by a physical disorder or genetics.

20 Suicide  Risk Factors Depression, family history of mental health disorders, isolation, substance abuse, emotional/physical/or sexual abuse, exposure to other suicides. What are your thoughts about bullying? Is it a problem at Marian? How can we solve this problem?


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