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HOW DO THEY WORK TOGETHER? Independent and Dependent Clauses.

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Presentation on theme: "HOW DO THEY WORK TOGETHER? Independent and Dependent Clauses."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOW DO THEY WORK TOGETHER? Independent and Dependent Clauses

2 Independent Clause- a complete thought that can stand on its own. It does NOT depend on another group of words to make sense. It makes sense on its own. Dependent Clause-begins with a subordinating conjunction or “signal word” such as while, whenever, although, because, etc. It DEPENDS on an independent clause to form a complete thought.

3 Independent Clauses My mother and I drove to Jacksonville yesterday because we wanted to go shopping. “My mother and I drove to Jacksonville yesterday” is an independent clause. It makes perfect sense by itself.

4 Dependent Clauses My mother and I drove to Jacksonville yesterday because we wanted to go shopping. “Because we wanted to go shopping” is a dependent clause. It depends on the independent clause to make sense. If there is no independent clause attached to it, we would refer to it as a fragment.

5 Signal Words: Dependent Clauses There are several words that usually signal the start of a dependent clause, such as: Because, although, while, when, whenever, until, where, wherever, though, even if, which, before, whether, if. (There are more, but these are some of the most common.)

6 Can you spot the dependent clause? Although she is not a fan of broccoli, Mary loves asparagus and other vegetables. Whenever she is feeling blue, Clarice likes to listen to music.

7 Answers: Although she is not a fan of broccoli, Mary loves asparagus and other vegetables. Whenever she is feeling blue, Clarice likes to listen to music.

8 Can you spot the dependent clause? Devon drove his girlfriend Lisa to the movies yesterday because she has been wanting to see the latest Brad Pitt movie. I exercised on my new treadmill while watching television.

9 The Answers: Devon drove his girlfriend Lisa to the movies yesterday because she has been wanting to see the latest Brad Pitt movie. I exercised on my new treadmill while watching television.

10 Simple and Compound sentences: When a sentence contains one independent clause and NOTHING ELSE, it is called a simple sentence. Example: Mary rode her bike to the park. When a sentence contains two independent clauses, it is called a compound sentence. Example: Mary rode her bike to the park, and she listened to the band play.

11 Take Notice: The two independent clauses were joined together by a comma and a conjunction. If we left off the conjunction, it would be a run-0n sentence! Correct: Mary rode her bike to the park, and she listened to the band play. Incorrect: Mary rode her bike to the park, she listened to the band play.

12 Semi colons: Only semi-colons can take the place of a comma and a conjunctions when bridging two independent clauses together. Also correct: Mary rode her bike to the park; she listened to the band play.


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