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Horticulture Science Lesson 2 Determining the Importance of the Horticulture Industry.

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Presentation on theme: "Horticulture Science Lesson 2 Determining the Importance of the Horticulture Industry."— Presentation transcript:

1 Horticulture Science Lesson 2 Determining the Importance of the Horticulture Industry

2 Interest Approach Begin the lesson by giving each student a copy of a grocery store advertisement. Have each student take turns giving an example of a vegetable, fruit, and nut. List these on the overhead. Point out the variety of products that can be found in the local marketplace.

3 Student Learning Objectives Describe the popularity of horticulture. Appraise the importance of the ornamental horticulture industry. Assess the importance of the olericulture industry. Judge the importance of the pomology industry.

4 Terms floral production floriculture landscape horticulture olericulture pomology

5 Why is the horticulture industry popular? For much of human history there has been an interest in flowers and flowering plants. It has also been common throughout history for people to raise fruits and vegetables in small gardens to supplement their diets.

6 Why is the horticulture industry popular? In modern history, a “green revolution” took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the interest in horticulture became widespread. Today, horticulture is popular and important in all societies, both rich and poor.

7 Why is the horticulture industry popular? The popularity of horticulture has had many advantages. An increase in jobs, increase in food for humans and animals, and an increase in aesthetic pleasure are just some of the advantages. JobsFood aesthetic pleasure

8 Why is the horticulture industry popular? Education and training required for people wanting to be involved in the horticulture industry has led to increased enrollment in horticulture and agronomic programs at land-grant and two-year college programs. DEGREES AVAILABLE IN HORTICULTURE: Associate’s Baccalaureate Master’s Doctoral

9 Why is the ornamental horticulture industry important? The ornamental horticulture industry is made up of two important segments. One is floriculture (the culture of flowers) and the other is landscape horticulture (producing and using plants to beautify the environment).

10 Why is the ornamental horticulture industry important? Floriculture is an international, multibillion dollar industry. Floriculture includes the production, distribution, and processing of flowering and foliage plants.

11 Why is the ornamental horticulture industry important? Floral production is the growing of flowering or foliage crops to maturity. Once mature, they are harvested and sold. Mature plants can be sold as cut flowers or foliage, potted flowering plants, foliage plants, or bedding plants.

12 Why is the ornamental horticulture industry important? The National Agricultural Statistics Service reports that in 2004 floriculture crops were worth $5.2 billion on the wholesale market. California, Florida, Michigan, Texas, and New York led the nation in wholesale floriculture production.

13 Why is the ornamental horticulture industry important?

14 Landscape horticulture is a billion-dollar industry in the United States. Homeowners spent $50.9 billion in 1999 to improve, and maintain their landscapes and gardens.

15 Why is the ornamental horticulture industry important? In 2000, nursery production was measured at $3.3 billion nationally. Deciduous shrubs accounted for 23 percent of total sales; broadleaf evergreens, 18 percent; and deciduous trees, 12 percent.

16 Why is the olericulture industry important? Olericulture is the area of horticulture that involves the production of vegetable food crops. Vegetables are not only important to our daily nutrition, but they are also important to the U.S. agricultural economy.

17 Why is the olericulture industry important? In 2004, vegetables made up over $10 billion of U.S. farm receipts. Vegetables, both fresh and processed, are a commodity. California is the leader in both fresh and processed vegetables in the United States.

18 Why is the olericulture industry important? Vegetables are grown on 1 percent of the total cropland in the United States. This amount has been relatively stable for the past 25 years. However, the production of vegetables has increased. The increase in production on virtually the same amount of land is the result of increased technology and more efficient production practices.

19 Why is the olericulture industry important?

20 Why is the pomology industry important? Pomology is the area of horticulture that involves the production of fruit and nut crops. Fruits and nuts, like vegetables, are also important to our daily nutrition and the U.S. economy.

21 Why is the pomology industry important? In 2004, the value of U.S. noncitrus fruit amounted to $9.01 billion. Citrus production in 2005 totaled $2.39 billion. The value for U.S. nut production in 2004 was $3.25 billion. Fruit growing is a popular but labor- intensive industry.

22 Why is the pomology industry important? The United States is one of the world’s top producers of fruits and nuts. Ten percent of the world’s apples, pears, plums, and prunes, 20 percent of the world’s peaches, and 25 percent of the world’s citrus fruit are produced in the United States.

23 Review/Summary Why is the horticulture industry popular? Why is the ornamental horticulture industry important? Why is the olericulture industry important? Why is the pomology industry important?


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