2ObjectivesWhat is the scope, size, and economic importance of Horticulture in the US?What are 5 careers in the horticulture industry?What local jobs are available in the horticulture industry and what skills are needed for the job?
3What is Horticulture?The horticulture industry has developed far beyond the simple definition of “garden cultivation”It includes cultivation, processing, and sale of fruits, nuts, vegetables, ornamental plants, and flowersIt contributes over $35 billion to the US economy every year.
4Horticulture Broken Down Pomology – the science and practice of growing, harvesting, handling, storing, processing, and marketing tree fruitsOlericulture – the science and practice of growing, harvesting, storing, processing, and marketing vegetablesFloriculture – The science and practice of growing, harvesting, storing, designing, and marketing flowering plantsLandscape and Nursery Industry – The science and practice of propagating, growing, installing, maintaining, and using grasses, annual plants, shrubs, and trees in the landscape
5Jobs in Hort.There are various sources of employment for individuals trained in horticulture.Greenhouses, nurseries, garden centers, golf courses, parks, orchards, floral design shops, grounds maintenance operations, and vegetable & fruit growersPage 4 – Job ChartCompare the different jobs
6Greenhouse Employee Grows plants in a heated greenhouse May grow vegetables or flowersUsually grow out-of-season vegetablesMost work is done indoorsHigh school education is preferred
7Nursery EmployeeGrows seedlings and plants for landscaping, fruit production and replanting forestsPrepare seedbeds; plant seedlings; prepare cuttings for rooting; and weed, cultivate, water, and prune plantsMuch outdoor workAbility to identify plants and the knowledge of how plants are used in landscapes is desirableHigh School education
8Garden Center Employee Cares for ornamental plants, moves plants and supplies into selling areas, arranges plants and supplies for display purposes and sells various productsWork includes cleaning, stocking, arranging garden supplies on shelves, etc.Usually work in a clean pleasant and comfortable environmentHigh school education desired
9Maintenance EmployeeCares for the area surrounding an industry, business, school, etc.Plant and care for lawns and ornamental plantsWorks mainly outdoorsCertain jobs must be done in severe weather conditionsDemand for HS graduates specializing in this area is increasing
10Golf Course EmployeeResponsible for overall maintenance of golf coursesCare for different types of turfInstall and use irrigation and drainage equipmentAlso prune shrubs and treesAlmost always outdoor work and usually in good weatherHigh school education minimum
11City, State, or National Park Employee Maintain trees, shrubs, flowers and lawnsGeneral Maintenance tasks are also doneOutdoors mostly some in bad weatherHigh school education is desirable
12FactsApproximately 32% of all teachers and scientists in the US Dept of Ag & various colleges of Ag will retire in the next few yearsEach year there are about 14% more jobs in Ag than there are graduates to fill themA 4-year college grad will earn about $1,000,000 more during a lifetime career in Hort. than a HS grad.
13Assignment Complete Lab Exercise 1-2; 1-3 Complete Lab Exercise 1-7 as a group to construct a bulletin board