Presentation on theme: "Megaports Program Update"— Presentation transcript:
1 Megaports Program Update Module X: Title HereU.S. Department of EnergyMegaports Program UpdateBangkok, ThailandMay 12-15, 2009Asia Regional TechnicalWorkshop on Megaports InitiativeWilliam Kilmartin, U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Agency
2 Contents Second Line of Defense and Megaports Initiative Overview Module X: Title HereContentsSecond Line of Defense and Megaports Initiative OverviewMissionHistoryProgress to DateProgram ScopeEquipmentTransshipment ChallengeCommunications SystemTraining and SustainmentRelationship with Container Security InitiativeConclusion
3 Second Line of Defense (SLD) Module X: Title HereSecond Line of Defense (SLD)MISSION: Strengthen the capabilities of partner countries to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking of special nuclear and other radioactive materials at international border crossings including airports, seaports, and other points of entry/exit.STRATEGY: Develop cooperative efforts to mitigate the risk of illicit trafficking through:Search, detection, and identification of nuclear and other radioactive materialsDevelopment of response procedures and capabilitiesDeterrence of future trafficking in illicit nuclear and nuclear-related materialsDETERINTERDICTDETECTGOAL: Deliver an effective and sustainable global capability to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in special nuclear and other radioactive materials.
4 Module X: Title HereThe Megaports MissionMISSION: To provide equipment, training, and technical support to international partners to enhance their ability to detect, interdict and deter illicit trafficking of special nuclear and other radioactive materials in the global maritime system.This mission is accomplished by:Scanning containers at high volume portsWhile gate traffic can easily be scanned (includes rail), transhipped containers present significant challengesScanning containers at ports along trade corridors that may attract illicit trafficking of nuclear/radioactive materialsScans gate traffic in areas of concernIncreases likelihood that material will be detected before it is incorporated into an improvised nuclear deviceScanning containers in conjunction with NII scans on U.S.- bound containers under DHS’s Container Security Initiative and Secure Freight InitiativeGOAL: Over 100 Megaports, scanning over 70% of global shipping traffic by 2015.
5 Megaports History Program established in 2003 Module X: Title HereMegaports HistoryProgram established in 2003Cooperated with IAEA to install equipment at Port of Piraeus for 2004 Athens OlympicsPilot project in 2004 at Rotterdam, NetherlandsU.S. installed equipment replaced in 2007 with Dutch acquired systemSuccessful “proof of concept” which serves as a showcase siteProgram continues to accelerate100 ports identified for partnership
7 Megaports Project Scope Module X: Title HereMegaports Project ScopeEquipment operated by partner country personnelTypical Activities funded by DOE/NNSA:Detection equipment and affiliated equipment and network systemsTechnical ExpertiseTraining and sustainability effortsCost-Sharing approach pursued, where feasiblePartner country fund design, construction, and installation, and in some cases, maintenancePuerto Cortes, Honduras
8 Megaports Equipment Types of equipment provided: Detectors: Module X: Title HereMegaports EquipmentTypes of equipment provided:Detectors:Fixed Radiation Portal MonitorsMobile Radiation Detection SystemsStraddle CarrierSpectroscopic Portal MonitorsSuite of Handheld Radiation Detection EquipmentAffiliated Systems:Video CamerasNetwork/Communications Systems
9 Transshipment Challenge Module X: Title HereTransshipment ChallengeScanning Transshipments have been limited due to lack of available and tested technologies that minimize impact to port operationsDOE/NNSA continues to evaluate new technologies and approachesRadiation detection straddle carrier – BahamasMobile detection platform – OmanUpstream scanning at feeder ports – BelgiumScanning on Quays/Bridges – Spain, MalaysiaScanning containers from ship to stacks – Dominican RepublicCBP and DOE/NNSA evaluating crane based detection solutions at Tacoma, Washington
10 Communications Systems Module X: Title HereCommunications SystemsAll data from equipment integrated to a Central Alarm StationRadiation alarms can be simultaneously transmitted to host country agencies responsible for reach-back and to CSI representatives in-countryData transmitted includes container identification, alarm events, radiation data and system healthSystem does not transmit proprietary cargo or shipping dataCurrent efforts underway to standardize software for communications systems
11 Training and Sustainment Module X: Title HereTraining and SustainmentClassroom and field exercises at U.S. HAMMER Facility and on-site training provided for and tailored for:StakeholdersOfficers & CAS operators SupervisorsMaintenance techniciansTotal of 484 foreign students trained at HAMMERTraining management plan and sustainability plan developmentMaintenance is provided by Megaports for 3 years after installationHost nation to independently sustain Megaports system after three year periodHost nation to develop standard operating procedures – response capabilities
12 Module X: Title HereRelationship To CSIMegaports Initiative complements Container Security Initiative (CSI)CSI – Personnel focusedMegaports – Equipment focusedAlarms indicating radioactive cargo are typically sent to host country personnel and may be sent to CSI staff if the port agreesCSI staff may request further inspection of a suspicious US-bound alarmed containersStrong and close partnership with CSIJoint agreements where possible joint agreements to dateMegaports is committed to install radiation portal monitor at all CSI ports
13 Module X: Title HereSummaryThe Megaports Initiative enhances the ability to detect, interdict and deter illicit trafficking of special nuclear and other radioactive materials by providing equipment, training, and technical support to international partnersRadiation portal monitors, handheld identification equipment, a communication network and software allow partners to unobtrusively inspect cargo, as it transits through the port, for the presence and type of radiationIn our partner countries seaports, the Megaports Initiative implementation demonstrates that the system can be used effectively without a detrimental impact on commercial operationsThe Megaports Initiative is a global program that continues to grow. At the same time, the Program is intensifying efforts to develop innovative methods of scanning transshipment cargo, the most difficult cargo to scan.
14 Megaports Points of Contact Module X: Title HereMegaports Points of ContactTracy P. Mustin, Second Line of Defense, DirectorTel:Fax:William E. Kilmartin, Megaports Program DirectorTel:Fax: