Presentation on theme: "Terrorism and CERT. TERRORISM CERT teams can play a helpful role in a terrorist incident However, the CERT role may be less direct and more in a support."— Presentation transcript:
Terrorism and CERT
TERRORISM CERT teams can play a helpful role in a terrorist incident However, the CERT role may be less direct and more in a support role Terrorist incidents are challenging and require professional first responders
Terrorism Goals: Multiple casualties/fatalities Loss of critical resources Disruption of vital services Disruption of Economy Anxiety/Panic
Domestic & Foreign Terrorists 9/11 – Foreign terrorists Oklahoma City – domestic extremists On Campuses Animal Rights – recent UCLA incidents Individual active shooters
Possible Targets of Terrorism : Symbolic and historical targets Assembly areas Infrastructure systems such as public safety, transportation, or communications Institutions of higher learning (considered “soft targets”) Chemical and agriculture storage areas Hospitals
B-NICE Categories of possible terrorist weapons: Biological Nuclear Incendiary Chemical Explosive
Sudden epidemic - Large number seeking medical attention with symptoms uncharacteristic for season Indicators of Bio Agents
Routes of Exposure for Biological Agents Inhalation Ingestion Skin absorption/contact
Nuclear Weapons Nuclear bomb Dirty bomb Least likely type of incident due to difficulty
Fits in a Suitcase?
Incendiary Incidents An incendiary is any mechanical, electrical, or chemical device used to start a fire.
Chemical Agents Inhalation Ingestion Skin absorption/contact
Nerve Agents Sarin - colorless to brown liquid Others - colorless Odor - Sarin none Others – sweet/fruity Symptoms Miosis Runny nose Localized sweating Muscle spasms/contractions Nausea/vomiting Confusion or drowsiness Death
Choking Agents Phosgene - colorless gas Diphosgene - colorless liquid Odor New mown hay, Freshly cut grass, Green corn
Choking Agent Symptoms Irritation of eyes & respiratory tract Tightness in chest Nausea/vomiting Headache Death may result within 24 hours
Blood Agents Cyanide – colorless gas/liquid Arsine – colorless gas Odor Cyanide – bitter almonds Arsine – garlic Symptoms Changes in breathing rate Headache, Giddiness Convulsions, Shallow breathing Unconsciousness Changes in lip & skin color Death
Blister Agents Physical state Mustard - colorless to pale yellow liquid Lewisite - colorless to brownish liquid Odor Mustard - garlic or horseradish Lewisite – geraniums Affects skin like severe burns
Explosive Incidents Explosive: any substance or article, including a device, designed to function by explosion ANOTHER DEFINITION: Anything that can go BOOM!
Explosives make up 90% of all attacks Only 4% preceded by warning Explosive Incidents
Primary and Secondary Dangers Initial explosion may be followed by secondary explosions
If you observe an object that is out of place or does not seem right: Do not touch it Move away from the object Report it to authorities CAUTION: A CELL PHONE OR RADIO MAY DETONATE AN INCENDIARY OR EXPLOSIVE DEVICE.
Basic Decontamination Procedures If you believe that you have chemicals on your skin or clothing, then: Take action immediately—time is critical. Leave enclosed area. Remove everything on your body cut off clothes normally removed over head remove jewelry and wigs Wash hands before using them to shower Shower or flush your body with water Blot yourself with absorbent cloth to dry Put on clean clothes and maintain body temperature Go to decontamination station set-up by responders
ACTIVE CAMPUS SHOOTER Perhaps the most likely form of terrorism on a college campus.
If you receive warning of a shooter on campus: TAKE SHELTER Close and lock doors and windows Turn off lights and close window blinds/curtains Stay away from windows Remain inside until all clear by campus officials Sign up for TrojansAlert emergency warning system at https://trojansalert.usc.edu Campus Shooter Procedures
Close and lock or barricade doors Turn off lights and close window blinds/curtains Silence cell phones, pagers, computers Call DPS at to report incident Remain quiet. Do not answer the door. Follow directions of law enforcement when they arrive If you hear shots fired in your building:
There is no standard procedure the authorities recommend in this situation. Assess the specific situation and take the best course of action to ensure your and others’ safety. Remain passive? Run/flee? Fight? If the shooter enters your area:
Handling of Troubled Students & Employees Violence prevention is the best approach University has established protocols for identifying, monitoring, and helping disturbed students PROBLEM: Most students do not report concerns