OSHA 29 CFR 1910.38 The purpose of an EAP is to facilitate and organize employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies. Keep the plan simple Train with the plan Make changes to the plan as needed Make sure employees know the plan
Fire Medical Severe Weather Chemical Spill Bomb Threat Active Shooter Structural Collapse Utility Outage Others
First Priority Accountability – Evacuation - Employee Safety - Public Safety Second Priority Reduce Structural & Facility Damage - Work Sight Layout - Utility Shut Offs
Evacuation Plan Evacuation route maps need to be posted in each work area. Information on the Maps - Emergency Exits - Primary and Secondary Evacuation routes - Locations of the Fire Extinguishers - Fire Alarm Pull Station Locations - Assembly Points
Remember… Keep the plan simple Train with the plan Make changes to the plan as needed Make sure employees know the plan
Johns Manville Fire On May 16 th, 2003, a fire at the Johns Manville Plant #3 on Columbus Ave., in Defiance, Ohio, broke out in the pipe insulation manufacturing area of the facility. When the fire occurred, there was over 100 employees in the plant. Everyone was evacuated. The fire was immediately too big to fight by the employees and in a matter of a few hours, the manufacturing plant was destroyed. Had it not been for the plants’ Emergency Action Plan the out come could have been much worse. Not one person was injured in the fire.
Fire Situation When FIRE is discovered: - Activate the nearest Fire Alarm (if installed) - If fire alarms are not available, notify the site personnel about the fire by one of the following means - Voice- Radio - Phone Page - DIAL 911 Notify your local Fire Dept. Upon Notification of the fire, OCCUPANTS MUST: - Leave the building using the escape route - Assemble at the designated area - Remain outside until the authorities (facility personnel or fire officials) announces that it is safe to reenter
Fire Situation Fight the Fire ONLY if : - Notification has been made to evacuate the building - The Fire Dept. has been notified - Escaping the area is possible by backing up to the nearest exit - The Fire is in the Incipient Stage ( Small in Size) - The Fire Extinguisher(s) is in working condition and the personnel are trained to operate the extinguisher(s)
Fire Situation Once the Fire Dept. arrives, a designated official needs to make contact with the fire ground officer. The following information needs to be exchanged : - Is everyone out of the building and accountable? - What is on fire? - Where is the location of the fire? - What has been already done? - What does the fire dept. need to do to fight the fire?
Severe Weather & Natural Disasters Tornados : When a warning is issued, have the employees seek shelter. Consider the following: - Establishing a designated area within the facility - Small interior rooms on the lowest level without windows - Hallways on the lowest floor level away from doors & windows - Rooms constructed with reinforced concrete, brick or block with no windows. - Stay away from outside walls and windows - Have a means of communications with you - Be huddled down use your arms to protect your head & neck - Remain sheltered until the tornado threat has past
Tornados : In the event of a tornado striking your facility you need to be accountable for all employees. - Locate and gather your employees, determine if there are any injuries - Take a initial survey of the damage - Determine your needs - Medical Attention for the injured - Any thing on Fire - Secure the Structure
Chemical Spills Small Spill or Leak - Contact your supervisor immediately - Follow the guidelines of the MSDS on the material - If toxic vapors are present secure the area and evacuate personnel if needed - Have proper PPE being worn to provide protection if you are trained to handle the chemical - Notify local authorities if necessary
Chemical Spills Large Spill or Leak - Follow the procedures set up for a small spill or leak - Notify your Supervisor of the situation immediately - Evacuate the area if necessary - (If trained to do so) contain the spill or leak with materials and equipment that is available on site without endangering ones self - If anyone is injured or contaminated, isolate that person(s) from others - Notify local authorities of the incident :Fire Dept, EMA, clean up company, etc.
Chemical Spills or Leaks If an incident occurs that requires outside agencies… - Meet face to face with officials - Advise accountability of employees and of any injuries - Provide MSDS on the chemical(s) involved - Provide the following information - What is the chemical(s) - Is it a Liquid, Solid or Gas - The quantity of the release - What has been done so far
Bomb Threats Keep the caller talking as long as possible. Let them speak, but ask as many questions as possible, while someone else calls 911 and relay info while you talk to the caller… Asked the following questions : - Where is the bomb located? - Which building? - Which floor? - Which room? - What time is the bomb to go off? - What is your name or organization that you are involved?
Bomb Threats Cont. - Attempt to get a phone number if you get cut off. - Where are you calling from? - Why are you doing this? Attempt to determine the following information: - Sex- Race - Age- Accent - Background noise if any- Is he on a cellphone
Bomb Threat Cont. If it is indicated that the bomb is in the building : Follow the Fire Evacuation Procedure. If the bomb is indicated of being outside : Follow the Severe Weather Procedure. Once Law Enforcement arrives on scene, follow there instructions
Active Shooter Don’t think it can’t happen at your work place
Active Shooter Evacuate your employees quickly Be accountable for your employees Meet up with the your Law Enforcement upon arrival Provide them with a description of the shooter(s) Provide them with the location of the victim(s) Provide them with a description of the weapon(s) Provide them with a map of your facility
Examples of EAPs www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-101/emrgact Defiance Metal Products GT Technologies - Defiance Precision Products
Keep in the mind what the purpose of an EAP is, to facilitate and organize employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies. Keep the plan simple Train with the plan Make changes to the plan as needed Make sure employees know the plan