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Structural Pesticide Ordinance Development In A Tribal Community Presented At The 17th Annual Region 9 Tribal EPA Conference October 21-23, 2009 Barry.

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Presentation on theme: "Structural Pesticide Ordinance Development In A Tribal Community Presented At The 17th Annual Region 9 Tribal EPA Conference October 21-23, 2009 Barry."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structural Pesticide Ordinance Development In A Tribal Community Presented At The 17th Annual Region 9 Tribal EPA Conference October 21-23, 2009 Barry Abbott Gila River Indian Community Pesticide Control Office

2 The Community’s Pesticide Ordinance One of the first Tribes to have a pesticide program and receive federal funds The pesticide ordinance was adopted in 1983; created the Pesticide Control Office Focus was agricultural and adopted AZ Department of Agricultural statutes by reference

3 Office’s permitting program requires proof of ADoA licenses Ordinance revised in 1996; retained emphases on agriculture; added WPS (EPA’s Worker Protection Standards) Structural Pesticide Ordinance was drafted in 2007 Adoption was in process in 2008; when the Office learned that ….

4 …. EPA had stated that the application of a restricted use pesticide on an Indian reservation that does not have an EPA approved Certification and Training Program for applicators of restricted use pesticide is illegal

5 Decision What Type Pesticide Ordinance Separate: –Agricultural (GRIC’s current) –Structural –Certification and Training (C&T) of RUP Applicators Combinations: (Arizona) –Agricultural with C&T –Structural with C&T Comprehensive: (most other states) –C&T component with no distinguishing between agricultural and structural

6 Review of AZ OFFICE PEST MANAGEMENT RULES ARTICLE 1. GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS –R Definitions –R License Categories and Scope of Work –R Complaint Information –R Providing Information to the Commission –R Fees; Charges; Exemption –R Joint Responsibility –R Licensing Time-frames –Table 1. Time-frames (Calendar Days) ARTICLE 2. OBTAINING, RENEWING, ACTIVATING OR INACTIVATING A LICENSE; EXAMINATION; CONTINUING EDUCATION REQUIREMENT; APPROVAL OF CONTINUING EDUCATION –R Activities that Require a License; General Provisions –R License Exemptions; Unlicensed Persons –R Obtaining an Applicator License –R Obtaining a Qualifying Party License –R Licensing Examination for an Applicator or Qualifying Party Applicant –R Obtaining a Business License –R Renewing an Applicator, Qualifying Party, or Business License –R Obtaining a Temporary Qualifying Party License –R Renewing a Temporary Qualifying Party License –R Inactivating or Activating an Applicator License –R Inactivating or Activating a Qualifying Party License

7 –R Broadening an Applicator or Qualifying Party License –R Branch Office Registration –R Change in a Business Licensee –R Continuing Education Requirement for an Applicator or Qualifying Party –R Requirements for Approval of Continuing Education ARTICLE 3. APPLICATOR DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES –R Compliance with Commission Monitoring –R Providing Notice to Customers –R Performing a Wood-destroying Insect Inspection –R Using Pesticides and Devices –R Performing Wood-destroying Insect Control –R Storing and Disposing of Pesticides and Devices –R Applicator Recordkeeping ARTICLE 4. REPEALED ARTICLE 5. QUALIFYING PARTY DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES –R Compliance with Applicator Duties and Responsibilities –R Supervising an Applicator –R Qualifying a Business License –R Qualifying Party Management –R Qualifying Party Recordkeeping

8 ARTICLE 6. BUSINESS LICENSEE DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES –R Compliance with Applicator Duties and Responsibilities –R Reserved –R Supervision of Qualifying Party –R Qualifying Party Required –R Business Management –R Storing Pesticides and Devices –R Equipping a Service Vehicle –R Providing Termite Treatment –R Business Licensee Recordkeeping ARTICLE 7. INSPECTIONS; INVESTIGATIONS; COMPLAINTS; DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURES –R General Provisions –R Inspections, Investigations, and Complaints –R Settlement Conferences –R Consent Agreements –R Hearing Procedures –R Review or Rehearing of a Commission Decision –R Judicial Review of Commission Order –R Disciplinary Action

9 Review of AZ Office of Pest Management Rules - very few technical provisions – therefore could easily incorporate technical provisions into existing ordinance Decision: Single Ordinance TO DO: Review / revise as needed existing GRIC ‘agricultural’ ordinance Review FIFRA & EPA’s regulations for approval of a Certification and Training Plan

10 A Selected Overview Of FIFRA Pesticide Registration (EPA & States) Pesticide Classification (EPA) –Restricted Use and General Use Pesticide Labeling & Use (EPA) C&T for Restricted Use Pesticide Applicators (EPA, States and Tribes) Regulation of Producers and Sellers (EPA, States and Tribes) Record Keeping (EPA, States and Tribes) Experimental, Special Local Needs, & Emergency Exemption (EPA, States and Tribes)

11 FIFRA Requirements to Include in an Ordinance Pesticides Used According to Label C&T for Restricted Use Pesticide Applicators Regulation of Producers and Sellers Record Keeping: –Producers, RUP Dealers, Applicators Experimental, Special Local Needs, & Emergency Exemption (optional)

12 EPA’s Pesticide Regulations 40 CFR Parts 150 Through 180 Parts to Consideration for Inclusion in an Ordinance –Part 170 – WPS –Part 171 – Certification of Pesticide Applicators [Restricted Use]

13 A Selected Overview Of 40 CFR 171 (Certification of Pesticide Applicators) ► Categories of commercial applicators of pesticides Standards for certification of commercial applicators Standards for certification of private applicators Standards for supervision of noncertified applicators by certified private and commercial applicators Submission and approval of State plans for certification of commercial and private applicators of restricted use pesticides Submission and approval of Government Agency Plan Certification of applicators on Indian Reservations Federal certification of pesticide applicators in States or on Indian Reservations where there is no approved State or Tribal certification plan in effect

14 ► Categories of Commercial RUP Applicators –Agricultural pest control (Plant / Animal); –Forest pest control; –Ornamental and turf pest control; –Seed treatment; –Aquatic pest control; –Right-of-way pest control; –Industrial, institutional, structural and health related pest control; –Public health pest control; –Regulatory pest control; –Demonstration and research pest control; and –Other categories and subcategories GRIC listed all in Ordinance

15 A Selected Overview Of 40 CFR 171 (Certification of Pesticide Applicators) Categories of commercial applicators of pesticides ► Standards for certification of commercial applicators Standards for certification of private applicators Standards for supervision of noncertified applicators by certified private and commercial applicators Submission and approval of State plans for certification of commercial and private applicators of restricted use pesticides Submission and approval of Government Agency Plan Certification of applicators on Indian Reservations Federal certification of pesticide applicators in States or on Indian Reservations where there is no approved State or Tribal certification plan in effect

16 ► Standards for Certification of Commercial Applicators Determination of competency … use & handling of pesticides … determined by written examinations … applicable to all categories –principles & practices of pest control and safe use of pesticides Label & labeling comprehension Safety Environment Pests Pesticides Equipment Application techniques Laws and regulations

17 A Selected Overview Of 40 CFR 171 (Certification of Pesticide Applicators) Categories of commercial applicators of pesticides Standards for certification of commercial applicators ► Standards for certification of private applicators ► Standards for supervision of noncertified applicators by certified private and commercial applicators Submission and approval of State plans for certification of commercial and private applicators of restricted use pesticides Submission and approval of Government Agency Plan Certification of applicators on Indian Reservations Federal certification of pesticide applicators in States or on Indian Reservations where there is no approved State or Tribal certification plan in effect

18 ► Standards for certification of private applicators ► Standards for supervision of noncertified applicators by certified private and commercial applicators Above two requirements similar to standards for certification of commercial applicators GRIC - to much effort to draft ordinance to meet above standards for so few applicators, therefore GRIC stated in the Ordinance …

19 … An applicator wishing to use or supervise the use of a restricted use pesticide within the Community shall comply with both of the following: –Be certified to apply restricted use pesticides by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("U.S. EPA") or from any state or other federal agency with a C&T Program that has been authorized by the U.S. EPA pursuant to 40 CFR § –Pass the Office’s written examination about the Ordinance.

20 A Selected Overview Of 40 CFR 171 (Certification of Pesticide Applicators) Categories of commercial applicators of pesticides Standards for certification of commercial applicators Standards for certification of private applicators Standards for supervision of noncertified applicators by certified private and commercial applicators Submission and approval of State plans for certification of commercial and private applicators of restricted use pesticides GRIC chose this option based on Submission and approval of Government Agency Plan ► Certification of applicators on Indian Reservations Federal certification of pesticide applicators in States or on Indian Reservations where there is no approved State or Tribal certification plan in effect

21 ► Certification of Applicators on Indian Reservations Indian Reservations not subject to State jurisdiction: –They may utilize the State certification program with concurrence of the State (could result in possible state oversight of Tribal program – therefore GRIC rejected this option) –…

22 … –They may develop own plan The plan is based on either Federal standards (§§171.1 through 171.8) or State standards for certification which have been accepted by EPA The plan is submitted through the US Department of the Interior to the EPA Administrator for approval

23 A Selected Overview Of 40 CFR 171 (Certification of Pesticide Applicators) Categories of commercial applicators of pesticides Standards for certification of commercial applicators Standards for certification of private applicators Standards for supervision of noncertified applicators by certified private and commercial applicators ► Submission and approval of State plans for certification of commercial and private applicators of restricted use pesticides GRIC chose this option based on Submission and approval of Government Agency Plan Certification of applicators on Indian Reservations Federal certification of pesticide applicators in States or on Indian Reservations where there is no approved State or Tribal certification plan in effect

24 ► Submission of State C&T Plan Designates a State Agency (recommend in ordinance) Legal Authority and Qualified Personnel –Supported by Opinion of the Legal Counsel Copy of Appropriate State Law/Regulation, which: –…

25 Copy of Appropriate State Law/Regulation, which: –list acts for denying … certification of applicators, & provisions for assessing criminal/civil penalties –review applicator's certification if criminal conviction –right-of-entry by consent or warrant –unlawful if not a certified applicator or under direct supervision to use RUPs –certified commercial applicators keep … for least two years routine operational records –…

26 –list acts for denying … certification of applicators, & provisions for assessing criminal/civil penalties –review applicator's certification if criminal conviction –right-of-entry by consent or warrant –unlawful if not a certified applicator or under direct supervision to use RUPs –certified commercial applicators keep … for least two years routine operational records Most were already covered in GRIC’s ‘agricultural ordinance’; if not, then GRIC borrow/modified state law

27 New Provisions Created a new category “Community Applicators” –C ommunity employees that use only general use pesticides (no restricted use pesticides) –Community members that wish to operate there own business that use only general use pesticides (no restricted use pesticides) Termite treatment standards with a 5 year warranty Advance notice of all agricultural pesticide applications and termite pretreatments

28 Barry Abbott, Manager Pesticide Control Office GRIC DEQ P.O. Box 97 Sacaton, AZ (520)


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