Presentation on theme: "Licensing of Nuclear Power Plants in Pakistan"— Presentation transcript:
1 Licensing of Nuclear Power Plants in Pakistan MUHAMMAD RAHMANDirector (Directorate of Nuclear Safety)Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority
2 PNRA Licensing BasisUnder section 20 of PNRA Ordinance, PNRA is empowered to grant authorization which states that “The Authority may, on application made to it accompanied by such information and documents, as may be prescribed by regulations, grant an authorization for carrying out of such activities as are specified in the authorization for such period as it may specify.Accordingly PNRA has established its regulatory framework for the licensing/authorization of nuclear installations named as “Regulations for Licensing of Nuclear Installation(s) in Pakistan-PAK/909”.
3 PNRA Regulated Facilities Nuclear Installations and Nuclear Grade Equipment ManufacturerNuclear Medical Centers & Agriculture Research CentersX-Ray Machines , Diagnostic Radiology & Irradiators used for sterilization of medical equipmentIndustrial Radiography & Industrial applications of radiation
4 PNRA Regulations Technical Regulations Regulations on Radiation Protection (PAK/904)Regulations on the Safety in NPP Site Evaluation (PAK/910)Regulations for the Safety of NPP Design (PAK/911)Regulations on the Safety of NPP Quality Assurance (PAK/912)Regulations on the Safety of NPP Operation (PAK/913)Regulations on Management of a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency (PAK/914 )Regulations on Radioactive Waste Management (PAK/915)Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (PAK/916)
5 Administrative Regulations PNRA RegulationsAdministrative RegulationsRegulations on Licensing Fee (PAK/900)Regulations for Licensing of Nuclear Installations (PAK/909)Regulations for Licensing of NPP Equipment Manufacturers (PAK/907)Regulations for Licensing of Radiation Facilities other than Nuclear Installations (PAK/908)PNRA Enforcement Regulations (PAK/950)
6 Licensing Stages for Nuclear Power Plants SiteRegistrationConstruction LicencePermission for CommissioningLoading of nuclear material in the systemOperatingLicenceAnnualRenewalRevalidationAuthorization for DecommissioningClosure/Removal from Regulatory ControlControlPNRA Licensing Stages
7 Applicable Nuclear Safety and Security Standards All nuclear installations, for the purposes of siting, design, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning/closure, shall conform to the existing PNRA regulations.In areas where the PNRA regulations are not available, relevant latest US Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations shall be deemed to be applicable. Alternately, the licensee may choose to follow the latest revisions of the applicable IAEA Safety and Security Standards.In case the nuclear safety and security standards of another country are proposed to be followed, the applicant/licensee shall demonstrate to the entire satisfaction of the Authority that the standards, proposed to be followed, offer the same or better standards of safety, security, quality and reliability than would have been offered by the nuclear safety and security standards mentioned above.
8 Design and Safety Criteria The licensee is required to establish design and safety criteria and obtain PNRA approvalComprising a list of standards and practices to be followed such asRequirements to be followed (Regulations, IAEA Nuclear Safety Standards, 10CFR, etc.)Regulatory and Safety Guides (PNRA, IAEA, NRC)Industrial Codes and Standards (International)Experience Feedback & Practices to be followed
9 Licensing Stages & Submission Requirements Site RegistrationConstructionLicensePermission forCommissioningApplicationSite Evaluation Report (SER)No Objection Certificates (NOC) from relevant government departmentsQuality Assurance Program for SitingPreliminary Safety Analysis Report (PSAR)Design PSA of full power internal initiating events (for NPPs only)Quality Assurance Program for design and construction phasesCommissioning ProgramQuality Assurance Program for Commissioning Phase
10 Licensing Stages & Submission Requirements Permission to IntroduceNuclear Material (FLP)Operating License(OL)Revalidation ofoperating licenseFSARQAP for OperationPhysical protection programRadioactive waste management programEmergency Preparedness PlansInitial decommissioning planEnvironmental monitoring programRadiation protection programPSA Level-1PSI/ISI programResult of CommissioningtestsUpdate of alldocuments submittedfor FLPLatest reportsof periodic safetyreview (PSR)
11 Licensing Stages & Submission Requirements Licensing BeyondDesign LifeLicense for DecommissioningOr ClosureRemoval fromRegulatory ControlLatest reports of Periodic Safety ReviewUpdate of all licensing sub-missions required for OLPSA Level 1 Plus based on actual plant data (for NPPs only)Decommissioning ProgramFinal decommissioning PlanRadioactive waste management programTechnical specifications during decommissioningPhysical protection programEnvironmental monitoring programRadiation protection programEmergency PreparednessPlan (EPP)Decommissioning completion reportFinal radiologicalsurvey report
12 Licensing Process Yes No No Yes Submission of Safety Case Safety RegulationsLicenseConditionsInputs frominspectionsInputs ofconsultantsReview & AssessmentCase AcceptableYesNoComments sentResponses receivedActions takenand reports submittedRegulatory Position preparedConduct of Review MeetingsActions identifiedIssuance ofAuthorizationIssues ResolvedNoYes
13 Regulatory Oversight During Different Phases PNRA has established a well defined Regulatory Oversight Process which will be effectively used during different phases/stages of nuclear installation.For the assessment and analysis of documents submitted by licensee during different phases of nuclear installation as regulatory requirement are subjected to the process of review and assessment and results of these review & assessment are being followed-up, documented and recorded for regulatory compliance during all phases of nuclear installation.Similarly, inspection & enforcement are carried out to ensure compliance with the national regulations, licence and licensing conditions, and commitments made by the applicant/licensee for the safety of nuclear power plants.
14 Regulatory Inspections ManufacturingConstructionCommissioningOperationDecommissioningInspectors ensuresConformity with the actual conditionsCompliance withPNRA regulationsLicensing submissionsTerms and conditions of the licenseInspectionProgramIncludes third party inspections and inspections at manufacturing works
15 ConclusionPNRA Licensing process is quite effective and is in accordance with international standards.PNRA always believe on proven technology and processes.So for PNRA issued Operating Licenses to three operational NPPs.Two construction licenses has been issued to two NPPs.