Presentation on theme: "Pesticide Labeling Reeves Petroff"— Presentation transcript:
1 Pesticide Labeling http://mtpesticides.org Reeves Petroff PageReeves PetroffPesticide Education SpecialistMontana State University Extension
2 Pesticide labels provide necessary information to pesticide users. Protection of people and the environment from pesticides is based on three factors:Pesticides must be registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency before they can be sold or applied.Pesticide labels provide necessary information to pesticide users.Pesticides must be used according to label instructions.Any product that proclaims pesticidal qualities must be registered with the EPA and must have a label. Labels follow a standard format.Insecto ™ is diotomaceous earth and has a label
3 Instructions on how to use the product safely and correctly. PESTICIDE LABELSInstructions on how to use the product safely and correctly.Legal document
4 EPA Approval for Labeling No pesticide may be sold in the US until the EPA has approved the product.Product will not present unreasonable risk to humans and the environmentEPA labeling requirementsOnly after EPA approval and registration can the product be sold.
5 Types of Pesticide Registrations Federal RegistrationSpecial Local Needs RegistrationEmergency Exemption from Registration
6 Federal Registration Most Common form of Registration Also called a Section 3 label (Section 3 of the Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act….FIFRAOfficial EPA Registration number on labellook for the number to make sure you are buying an approved product.FIFRA is the federal law that regulates how pesticides are packaged, sold and used
7 Special Local Needs Registrations (Section 24c) Allows States to further control how a pesticide is used within their jurisdiction.registering additional uses to include sites and pestsadding limitations such as groundwater restrictions or number of applications
8 Emergency Exemptions Section 18 Used when an emergency pest situation arises for which no pesticide is registered.Request is made by growers to state Department of AgricultureStrict controls and recordkeeping are required for all these emergency exemptions.The MSU Pesticide Education Program can assist growers with the Section 18 Process.
9 Classification of Pesticide Uses EPA categorizes every use of pesticide as either-Unclassified or General use Pesticides -GUPRestricted Use (Restricted Use Pesticides (RUP)
10 Restricted Use Pesticides Classified as restricted if it could cause harm to humanspesticide handlersother personsOr have some environmental impactHigh water solubilityPersistentToxic to animals or beneficial insectsRUPs must be applied by certified applicators
11 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Brand NameTrade/Brand NameIngredient StatementActive IngredientChemical nameCommon NameInert Ingredients
12 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Registered by EPAType of PesticideinsecticidealgicideherbicideRegistration & Establishment NumbersNet ContentsName & Address of ManufacturerThe EPA registration number uniquely identifies the pesticide. The EPA Establishment number is found on the actual labels and tells where the product was manufactured. It is not on this slide because the label came from a sample book.
13 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Type of formulationWP - wettable powderD - dustEC - emulsifiable concentrate22K – 22% potassium (K) saltRestricted Use Labellabel will state “Restricted-Use Pesticide” in a box at the top of the front labelwill include a statement on the productIts nice to know the type of formulation so that you can plan for what kind of safety gear you need. Wet formulations such as Emulsifiable concentrates and Soluble liquids are more easily absorbed whereas dry formulations such as wettable powders (WP) and Dust are more easily inhaled, especially during mixing and loading. The “K” in Tordon 22K means it’s a potassium salt, salts are more soluble in water, but also potassium salts tend to react more with hard water minerals and may cause problems
14 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Signal Words Danger–Poison – it can kill you!Danger – usually associated with skin or eye damageWarning -moderately toxicCaution - least toxicSignal words indicate acute toxicity only (single short term dose).
15 Signal WordTrue or False? All pesticides with Danger or Danger-Poison signal words must be designated as RUPS.
16 Washington – It’s restricted! Montana – It’s not!
17 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Remember – all labels follow a certain format Statement of practical treatment (first aid)instructions on how to respond to an emergency exposure involving the productPrecautionary StatementsWhat safety gear to wear (PPE)User Precautions
18 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Environmental HazardsProximity to waterSoil restrictionsBuffer Zones ?Physical or Chemical HazardsDirections for useit is a violation of FIFRA to us a pesticide in a manner inconsistent with its labeling
19 Brand NameIngredientsPPEEPA #’sSignal WordUser PrecautionsFirst Aid
20 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Entry Statementa precaution about entering a treated area after application.This statement tells youhow much time must pass before people can enter a treated areaworker protectionRESTRICTED ENTRY INTERVAL
21 Parts of Pesticide Labeling Storage and Disposalprohibitionsstoragespilled materialspesticide disposalcontainer disposalit is unlawful to burn pesticide containers in Montana
25 Uses inconsistent with the Pesticide Label It is illegal to use a pesticide in any way not permitted by the labeling.Off-siteImproper equipment settingsImproper rate (lack of calibration)No safety gear worn when the label says you must!
26 Pesticide Labels You may not use higher dosages higher concentrations more frequent applications
27 Pesticide LabelsYou can….apply a pesticide at any dosage, concentration, or frequency less than that listed on the labelingapply a pesticide against any target pest not listed on the label as long as the the application is to a plant, animal, or site that is listed,
28 Pesticide Labels Allowed uses not mentioned in the labeling use any appropriate equipment or method of application that is not prohibited by the labelingmix a pesticide or pesticides with a fertilizer if the mixture is not prohibited by the labelingmix two of more pesticides, if all of the dosages are at or below the recommended rate
29 Material Safety Data Sheets MSDS OSHA Hazard Communication StandardManufacturers responsibilityNot intended for use by average or casual applicatorProtect workers who handle pure forms or very high concentrations of a chemical for long periods of timeNot a complete source of health and safety information
30 Before you purchase the product Before you mix and apply the productBefore you dispose of the container
31 BEFORE YOU BUY A PESTICIDE Is it approved for use?Will the pesticide will control the pest or pests?Can the pesticide can be applied safely and legally? Application conditions BLM ProceduresWhere can the pesticide be applied? - Sites-Special equipment setup? Nozzles? GPAPage 103AcresHow much do you need?XProduct rate300 acres300 pintsX1 pint per acre=37.5GallonsAny use restrictions.Compare different pesticide labels, Different products may control the same pest. Select approved products that control the pests and are less toxic and/or less expensive.
32 BEFORE YOU MIX Protective equipment you should use. Compatibility of the pesticide with other products or additives.Amount of the pesticide to use. Product rate?Mixing procedure.
33 BEFORE YOU APPLY Safety measures. PPE required? Procedures to follow to minimize harm to people, animals, plants or the environment.How to apply the pesticide.When to apply the pesticideSusceptible life stage REI?
34 BEFORE YOU DISPOSE OR STORE Where and how to store the pesticide.Pesticide label information intact?How to decontaminate and dispose of the pesticide container.Where and how to dispose of surplus pesticides.