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International and Modern Style Criticism Between AAST and Yale School of Architecture Pharos University Of Alexandria Faculty Of Engineering Architectural.

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Presentation on theme: "International and Modern Style Criticism Between AAST and Yale School of Architecture Pharos University Of Alexandria Faculty Of Engineering Architectural."— Presentation transcript:

1 International and Modern Style Criticism Between AAST and Yale School of Architecture Pharos University Of Alexandria Faculty Of Engineering Architectural Department History and Theories of Arch. AE-135 Presented to : Dr. Ghada Ragheb Presented By : Nour– Abdelrhman - Nermeen– Rawan - Rafey

2 Contents 1- Design intentions. 2- Building analysis. 2.1-Exterior - Building Relationships with: - Site - The next - Entrances & Exits - The earth -Sky line - External formation - External materials 2.2-Interior - Internal elements - Approach - Plan Analysis - Circulation - Orientation -Internal materials -Lighting

3 International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST -Location : Academy bahria Street. Abo Keer. Alexandria – Egypt. -Style : International style. The building is as same style of the rest of the university building. It is considered as a start point of a chain of educational buildings. -History : Constructed: 1970 After the decision of the Arab league council NO / Academy began to work in 1972 in a temporary place in Alexandria. -Design Intentions : There are 6 buildings for the faculty of engineering 1.Architecture Engineering. 2.Construction Engineering. 3.Electronics Engineering. 4.Computer Engineering. 5.Electrical Engineering. 6.Mechanical Engineering. Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

4 -Building relationship with the site: Narrow walkways and pedestrian ways in comparison with space of green area near the walk ways Using a land mark near the buildings to make the use clear As shown in the site all the building of faculties a view an a playgrounds. In front of the building is the planetarium. International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt Building Analysis Exterior

5 -Building relationship with the next : Stable masses movement, unity in style and materials, no specific mark to show which building is for which faculty. Construction engineering department from the right and Gamal Mokhtar hall from the left. Concrete & Glass use in the façade of the building All the buildings have a same style. International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

6 -Building relation with entrances and exits : Arrangement of huge green areas decreases the entrance importance Low use of emphasizing the building approach Design the entrance at oblique angle despite the existences of columns an the straight lines make a clear entrance Design the pattern of the entrance at the same oblique. International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

7 International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

8 -Building Relationships with the earth, sky line: The building consists of 4 Floors Clear sky line because the same heights International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

9 -External formation : Horizontal openings & an a module Same definite shape gives a sense of boredom Symmetrical shape Balanced masses Straight sky line (weak) The building connected to the other building by a move battery (Stairs & Elevations) Use the concrete in façade as international style International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

10 -Building compatibility with the External environment : View: northern elevation view playground on the view of the sea. International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

11 -Interior: Doctors & studios rooms open on the court. Clear entrance in the ground floor only for exhibition hall conference & Architecture library. Fresh air: use inner court along the building to natural ventilation. International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

12 Drawings Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST

13 Criticize.. What Do You Think ? International Style Arab Academy for Technology and Science - AAST Arab Academy for Science and Technology Alexandria, Egypt

14 Modernism Yale School of Architecture Location : New Haven - USA Style : Modern Brutalist-style façade of hammered concrete aggregate, Architect: Paul Rudolph Completed: Renovation Architect: Charles Gwathmey Renovation: It is considered one of his most important works and was recently completely renovated and expanded, restoring the structure to its original 1963 intention and providing space for the History of Art department Gross floor area : 34,750m² Yale School of Architecture New Haven, USA

15 The Creator's Words "External forces dictated that this building turn the corner and relate to the modern building opposite as well as suggest that it belongs to Yale University. The internal forces demanded an environment suitable for ever varying activities which will be given form and coherence by the defined spaces within. As the years go by, it is hoped other interests and activities will take place within the spaces, but the space itself will remain." — Paul Rudolph. The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York: Praeger Publishers, p120. Design Intentions

16 Building analysis -Building relationship with the site: Yale University decided to undertake the exterior and interior renovation of the structure Yale School of Architecture New Haven, USA Exterior:

17 -Building relationship with the next: Rationalism in structure, unity in style and materials Yale School of Architecture New Haven, USA Building analysis Exterior:

18 -Building relation with entrances and exits: - The building located directly at the street no prelude to the building – the sense of powerful – the roughness – the neatness Low use of emphasizing the building approach Yale School of Architecture New Haven, USA Building analysis Exterior:

19 Building analysis Sky Line

20 External formation: Vertical and Horizontal openings sky line (strong) Rugged cuboid forms

21 Includes 37 level changes and numerous spatial devices to allow views and light through the building into the various studio and gallery spaces Building analysis

22 Interior: Use of lively colors— mainly orange—and cleverly built-in furnishings enhance the architecture, which is intended 'to excite and challenge the occupants.

23 Building analysis Interior: A central core space defined by four large concrete slab columns (similar to the external towers )

24 Building analysis Interior: Dramatic entrance to the building is up a narrow flight of steps that penetrate deeply into the mass of the main volume

25 Building analysis Circulation The method and drama of natural lighting

26 Criticism that he put the areas he cared least about in the basement ; that the painters are very disturbed by south light; that the sculptors are in the low- ceiling 'caves'; that the best spaces are reserved for architectural activity.

27 Concrete edges hand-hammered to expose the aggregate Internal and External materials: it controls staining and minimizes the effect of discoloration inherent in concrete

28 A New Home for the Arts https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zeySbuVIjJ8

29 References

30 Thank You


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