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Unit XIX - The Age of Absolutism and The Scientific Revolution England, France, Spain (1-11) Austria-Hungary (12-13) Prussia (14-15) Scientific Revolution.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit XIX - The Age of Absolutism and The Scientific Revolution England, France, Spain (1-11) Austria-Hungary (12-13) Prussia (14-15) Scientific Revolution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit XIX - The Age of Absolutism and The Scientific Revolution England, France, Spain (1-11) Austria-Hungary (12-13) Prussia (14-15) Scientific Revolution (16-20) Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved

2 1. A Look at the Absolute Power of the Spanish, French, and English Kings from A. What is the Age of Absolutism? A. What is the Age of Absolutism? The period of time during which kings of western Europe had absolute control over their national governments and societies. The period of time during which kings of western Europe had absolute control over their national governments and societies. B. What is the Divine Right Theory? B. What is the Divine Right Theory? The theory that stated that kings had a god given right to rule their nations as they wished. The theory that stated that kings had a god given right to rule their nations as they wished.

3 2. The Spanish Kings A. Charles V A. Charles V Grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella 2. Grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella 3. Also ruled the Holy Roman Empire 3. Also ruled the Holy Roman Empire 4. Constant warfare-with France, Protestants and Ottoman Empire 4. Constant warfare-with France, Protestants and Ottoman Empire 5. Became a monk 5. Became a monk B. King Philip II B. King Philip II 1. Son of Charles V 1. Son of Charles V 2. Ruled Spain, Netherlands, southern Italy and Americas 2. Ruled Spain, Netherlands, southern Italy and Americas 3. Centralized power 3. Centralized power 4. Absolute Monarch 4. Absolute Monarch 5. Guardian of Catholic Church 5. Guardian of Catholic Church 6. Wars-Netherlands, Ottomans, Spanish Armada 6. Wars-Netherlands, Ottomans, Spanish Armada 7. Golden Century 7. Golden Century 8. Strong Spanish King 8. Strong Spanish King

4 3. Philip II of Spain

5 4. The Decline of Spain What were the reasons for the decline of Spanish power? What were the reasons for the decline of Spanish power? A. Defeat of the Spanish Armada A. Defeat of the Spanish Armada B. Heavy taxes on middle class B. Heavy taxes on middle class C. The drain on the treasury C. The drain on the treasury D. Neglect of farming and trade with the colonies D. Neglect of farming and trade with the colonies E. The slowdown of gold E. The slowdown of gold F. The expulsion of Jews and Muslims F. The expulsion of Jews and Muslims

6 5. The Spanish Armada

7 6. The Kings of France A. What tore France apart between 1560 and 1590? A. What tore France apart between 1560 and 1590? B. What was the goal of Henry IV and when did he rule? B. What was the goal of Henry IV and when did he rule? C. Who was Armand Richelieu? C. Who was Armand Richelieu?

8 7. The Sun King – Louis XIV ( ) A. “I am the State” A. “I am the State” B. The symbol of the sun B. The symbol of the sun C. No meetings of the Estates General C. No meetings of the Estates General D. The strongest army in Europe D. The strongest army in Europe E. The splendor of Versailles E. The splendor of Versailles F. Successes F. Successes G. Failures G. Failures H. “Balance of Power” H. “Balance of Power”

9 8. Louis XIV – The Sun King

10 9. A Different Story in England A. How did Parliament grow in power? A. How did Parliament grow in power? 1. The annulments of Henry VIII 1. The annulments of Henry VIII 2. The Act of Supremacy 2. The Act of Supremacy 3. The ‘power of the purse” 3. The ‘power of the purse” 4. Good Queen Bess – Elizabeth I (Tudor) 4. Good Queen Bess – Elizabeth I (Tudor) 5. King James I (Stuart) v. Parliament 5. King James I (Stuart) v. Parliament 6. The English Civil War ( ) 6. The English Civil War ( ) 7. The execution of King Charles I 7. The execution of King Charles I 8. The Commonwealth 8. The Commonwealth

11 10. The Glorious Revolution A. Who was King Charles II? B. Who was King James II? C. What was the Glorious Revolution? D. How did the monarchy change under William and Mary?

12 11. Video

13 12. The Bill of Rights in England

14 13. The Rise of Austria A. The Thirty Years War A. The Thirty Years War B. The Peace of Westphalia B. The Peace of Westphalia C. How did the Hapsburgs affect Austria? C. How did the Hapsburgs affect Austria? 1. they controlled Austria (Catholic) 1. they controlled Austria (Catholic) 2. they added Bohemia, and parts of Poland and Italy 2. they added Bohemia, and parts of Poland and Italy 3. they controlled very diverse groups and gave them some unity (Magyars, Slavs) 3. they controlled very diverse groups and gave them some unity (Magyars, Slavs) 4. they never centralized authority like the other kings of Europe (2 nd class kingdom) 4. they never centralized authority like the other kings of Europe (2 nd class kingdom)

15 14. The Austrian Empire

16 15. Prussia A. How did the Hohenzollerns from northeastern Germany unite many north German states into a country? A. How did the Hohenzollerns from northeastern Germany unite many north German states into a country? 1. Frederick II inherited the throne in Frederick II inherited the throne in Frederick’s Prussia challenged Austria by taking Silesia from Austria and declaring independence, Frederick was a great warrior (Frederick the Great) 2. Frederick’s Prussia challenged Austria by taking Silesia from Austria and declaring independence, Frederick was a great warrior (Frederick the Great) 3. Frederick continued to win several later wars making Prussia a strong military power. 3. Frederick continued to win several later wars making Prussia a strong military power.

17 16. Map of Prussia

18 17. The Scientific Revolution A. What was the Scientific Revolution and when did it take place? A. What was the Scientific Revolution and when did it take place? 1. The change that took place in science starting in the mid 1500’s and continuing to the 1700’s. 1. The change that took place in science starting in the mid 1500’s and continuing to the 1700’s.

19 18. People of the Scientific Revolution A. Niccolaus Copernicus - Polish, Heliocentric Theory A. Niccolaus Copernicus - Polish, Heliocentric Theory B. Tycho Brahe – Danish, support of Copernicus B. Tycho Brahe – Danish, support of Copernicus C. Johannes Kepler – German, mathematician, orbits of the planets, birth date of Jesus C. Johannes Kepler – German, mathematician, orbits of the planets, birth date of Jesus D. Galileo Galilei – Italian, telescope, moon mts., sunspots, confirmed Copernicus, lenses D. Galileo Galilei – Italian, telescope, moon mts., sunspots, confirmed Copernicus, lenses E. Isaac Newton – English, mathematician gravity E. Isaac Newton – English, mathematician gravity F. Robert Boyle – English, individual elements vs. chemical compounds F. Robert Boyle – English, individual elements vs. chemical compounds

20 19. Video

21 20. Accomplishments (cont.) G. Andreas Vesalius – Italian. detailed study of human anatomy G. Andreas Vesalius – Italian. detailed study of human anatomy H. Ambrose Pare – French, ointment preventing infection, stitching of wounds H. Ambrose Pare – French, ointment preventing infection, stitching of wounds I. William Harvey – English, circulation of the blood I. William Harvey – English, circulation of the blood J. Francis Bacon – English, experimental method to arrive at truth J. Francis Bacon – English, experimental method to arrive at truth K. Rene Descartes – French, human reasoning is the best way to understand K. Rene Descartes – French, human reasoning is the best way to understand

22 21. The Tomb of Galileo Galilei in Florence

23 22. The Church of Santa Croce, Florence, Italy

24 23. Video

25 24. Galileo Galilei

26 25. Important Terms and People A. absolute monarch A. absolute monarch B. divine right theory B. divine right theory C. Philip II – Spain C. Philip II – Spain D. Spanish Armada D. Spanish Armada E. Golden Century E. Golden Century F. Henry IV – France F. Henry IV – France G. Estates General G. Estates General H. Louis XIV (Sun King) H. Louis XIV (Sun King) I. Versailles I. Versailles J. balance of power J. balance of power K. Armand Richelieu K. Armand Richelieu L. James I L. James I M. Charles I M. Charles I N. Cavaliers N. Cavaliers O. Roundheads O. Roundheads P. Bill of Rights (Eng.) P. Bill of Rights (Eng.) Q. The Commonwealth Q. The Commonwealth R. Glorious Revolution R. Glorious Revolution S. 30 Years War S. 30 Years War T. The Hapsburgs T. The Hapsburgs U. The Hohenzollerns U. The Hohenzollerns V. Frederick II (the Great) V. Frederick II (the Great)


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