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1869-1896. * The “Bloody Shirt” Elects Grant * Why was Grant nominated for the presidency? * What was the Republican party’s platform during the election.

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Presentation on theme: "1869-1896. * The “Bloody Shirt” Elects Grant * Why was Grant nominated for the presidency? * What was the Republican party’s platform during the election."— Presentation transcript:

1 1869-1896

2 * The “Bloody Shirt” Elects Grant * Why was Grant nominated for the presidency? * What was the Republican party’s platform during the election of 1868? * What was Grant’s campaign slogan? * What could Democrats agree on during the election of 1868? * What issues did Democrats disagree on? * Who did the Democrats nominate? Why was this nominee significant? * What was the outcome of the election of 1868 and why were the voting numbers important (specifically to Republicans)?

3 * The Era of Good Stealings * Economically, what was happening in American during this time period? * Who were “Jubilee Jim” Fisk and Jay Gould and how do they relate to the term “Black Friday”? * Who was Boss Tweed and what did he do? * A Carnival of Corruption * Politically, at the federal level, what was happening at this time? * What was the Credit Mobilier scandal? * Describe the Whiskey Ring scandal. * Who was Sir William Belknap and what did he do?

4 * The Liberal Republican Revolt of 1872 * Why did the Liberal Republican Party form? * Who did the Liberal Republicans nominate in 1872 and why was this problematic? * Why was the fact that Democrats endorsed Greeley considered foolish? * How did Greeley please the Democrats? * Who did the Republicans nominate and who won? * How did the Liberal Republicans affect the regular Republicans? * Depression, Deflation, and Inflation * What caused the panic of 1873? * How did citizens react to the panic of 1873? * Who was most greatly impacted by the panic of 1873? * Describe the issue over hard money versus folding money. (Who wanted each currency and why?) * Describe the Resumption Act of 1875. * How did the Federal Government treat silver? * Who were proponents of the “Dollar of our Daddies”? * Describe the policy of contraction and its impact. * How did the hard money policy impact the Republican party?

5 * Pallid Politics in the Gilded Age * Why was the politically seesaw of the Gilded Age considered to be “delicately balanced”? * What issues did Democrats and Republicans see eye to eye on? * What were some of the outcomes of the competitiveness between Republicans and Democrats? * Why were the two parties competitive? * Describe Republican voters and the location of their support base. * Describe Democrat voters and the location of their support base. * What was the “life blood” of both parties? * Describe the conflict between the Stalwarts and the Half-Breeds. * The Hayes-Tilden Standoff, 1876 * What happened when Grant was willing to run for a third term? * Why did the Republicans turn to Rutherford B. Hayes? * Who was nominated by the Democrats? * Describe the major issue with the election of 1876.

6 * The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction * Describe the Electoral Count Act of 1877. * Describe the settlement of the election of 1877. * What were the major components of the Compromise of 1877? * Who became president in 1877? * What was sacrificed with the Compromise of 1877? * Describe the Civil Rights Act of 1875. * Why did the Supreme Court pronounce much of the Civil Rights Act unconstitutional? * How did Hayes “clinch” the presidency? * The Birth of Jim Crow in the Post-Reconstruction South * Who regained power in the South and how did this impact African Americans? * Describe sharecropping and tenant farming. * What were the Jim Crow Laws? * What was the outcome of Plessy v. Ferguson? * What was the reality of “separate but equal”?

7 * Class Conflicts and Ethnic Clashes * Class warfare was a by-product of ___________ and ________ following the panic of 1873. * What happened to railroad workers and how did President Hayes respond? * In which fields (jobs) did the Chinese immigrants work? * What kind of hardships did Chinese immigrants face? * Who was Denis Kearney, what did he do, and why did he do it? * Describe the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. * What was the Supreme Court’s ruling in regards to U.S. v. Wong Kim? * Garfield and Arthur * Why was Garfield chosen for the Republican nomination and who was his VP? * Who was the Democratic candidate? * Who won the election of 1880? * What happened to President Garfield and why? * What was the positive outcome of President Garfield’s death? * Describe the major components of the Pendleton Act of 1883. * What were some problems caused by civil service reform? * How did the Republican Party respond to President Arthur’s reforms?

8 * The Blaine-Cleveland Mudslingers of 1884 * Who was the clear choice for the Republican nomination of 1884 and why was this problematic? * Who was the Democratic nominee? * What kind of dirt did the Republicans find on Grover Cleveland? * The election was very close. On what state did the election hinge and how did Blaine lose? * “Old Grover” Takes Over * What questions arouse once Cleveland won the election? * What were Cleveland’s principles? * How did Cleveland narrow the North-South chasm? * How did Cleveland deal with civil service jobs? * Why were military pensions an issue for Cleveland?

9 * Cleveland Battles for a Lower Tariff * Why did Cleveland need to deal with the tariff issue? * How could Congress deal with the treasury surplus? * How did Cleveland deal with the tariff issue? * How did Democrats and Republicans respond to Cleveland’s idea to lower the tariff in 1887? * Who was nominated in the 1888 election? * What did the Republican party do during the election season of 1888? * Who won the election of 1888 and why was this significant? * The Billion-Dollar Congress * Describe the issues with Congress under Harrison. * Who was Thomas B. Reed and why was he significant? * Why was this Congress called the “Billion Dollar” Congress? * Describe the McKinley Tariff of 1890. * How did the McKinley Act impact farmers and the Republican party?

10 * The Drumbeat of Discontent * Who were members of the Populist Party? * What was the Populist platform? * Who was the Populist nominee for the Presidential election of 1892? * How did nation wide strikes impact the Populist Party? * Describe the Carnegie steel strike. * How did the Populists fare in the election of 1892? * Why didn’t Southern workers join the Populist Party? * How did the Populist movement impact African American suffrage? * How did African American suffrage impact the Populist party? * Cleveland and Depression * Why did Grover Cleveland get reelected in 1892? * What contributed to the depression of 1893? * What happened to the country during 1893? * How were people draining gold from the government? * Who was William Jennings Bryan and what did he believe? * What would happen if the US was moved off the Gold Standard? * How did JP Morgan help with the issue of Gold?

11 * Cleveland Breeds a Backlash * How did Cleveland respond to the backlash of his deal with Morgan? * Describe the Wilson-Gorman Tariff. * What part of the Wilson-Gorman Tariff did the Supreme Court strike down? * How did the Democratic party fare during these years? * Why were Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Harrison and Cleveland considered the “forgettable presidents”?

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