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GILDED AGE POLITICS Bell Work: 1.What is the spoils system- when did it form? 2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)? 3.What is a half breed? 4.Who was James A.

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Presentation on theme: "GILDED AGE POLITICS Bell Work: 1.What is the spoils system- when did it form? 2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)? 3.What is a half breed? 4.Who was James A."— Presentation transcript:

1 GILDED AGE POLITICS Bell Work: 1.What is the spoils system- when did it form? 2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)? 3.What is a half breed? 4.Who was James A Garfield… why did his association with the half-breeds lead to his assassination?

2 GILDED AGE POLITICS BELL WORK  Bell Work:  1.What is the spoils system- when did it form?  2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)?  3.What is a half breed (Blaine)?  How did James Garfield’s association of being a half-breed lead to his assassination?

3 Listen to the Following Details Regarding the Death of Garfield

4 “Era of Good Stealings”  Ulysses S. Grant- “Grant had no right to exist. He should have been extinct for ages… That, two thousand years after Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, a man like Grant should be called- and should actually and truly be- the highest product of the most advanced evolution, from President Washington to President Grant, was alone evidence enough to upset Darwin… Grant should have lived in a cave and worn skins.” Henry Adams

5 U.S. Grant

6 U.S. Grant (R) & Scandals  Political Failure? Or Rising Star? KKK crackdown.  Grant Cabinet- rip off artists  Black Friday- Gold Corner (Jay Gould)  Credit Mobilier (Oakes Ames)

7 Tammany Hall  William M. Tweed (political machines)  Political Machines… Graft  Thomas Nast (political cartoons)  Nasty  Grant and Santa Claus

8 Boss Tweed

9 Rutherford B. Hayes (R)  Elected over Samuel Tilden… brought down Boss Tweed  2 nd Corrupt Bargain- end of Reconstruction  creation of the Jim Crow Laws (segregation)  Plessy v. Ferguson  Chinese Exclusion Act (political suicide).

10 Hayes

11 James Garfield (R)  Spoils System  Roscoe Conkling v. James G. Blaine  Stalwarts (Conkling), Half-Breeds (James G. Blaine), Independents  Assassination- (Charles Guiteau)  Chester A. Arthur- Pendleton Act  Civil Service Exam

12 Grover Cleveland (D)  Democrat… Mugwumps vs. Blaine  Election of 1884- “Burn this letter” v, Ma Ma where’s my Pa? Off to the White House Ha, Ha, Ha!”  RRR, Romanism, Rum, Ruin  “Though the people support the government, the government should not support the people”  Tariff issues (lower the tariff- anti business)

13 Ma Ma Ma… Tatooed Man

14 Benjamin Harrison (R)  Cleveland v. Harrison (Young Tippecanoe)  Waiving of the bloody shirt (now pink)  Twisting of the lions tail- vote for Cleveland is a vote for England  Loss of the surplus (tariffs and veteran pensions)  McKinley Tariff

15 Billion Dollar Congress

16 Cleveland (again)  2 nd term  Panic of 1893  Silver Purchase Act (Repeals)  Pullman Strike (original quote- negative president)

17 William McKinley (R)  Bryan v. McKinley (twice)  Gold Standard and more tariffs  Ends depression  Spanish American War  Killed by Leon Czolgosz (anarchist at the World Fair)  Theodore Roosevelt (one shot away)

18 McKinley

19 Kane


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