Presentation on theme: "GILDED AGE POLITICS Bell Work: 1.What is the spoils system- when did it form? 2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)? 3.What is a half breed? 4.Who was James A."— Presentation transcript:
GILDED AGE POLITICS Bell Work: 1.What is the spoils system- when did it form? 2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)? 3.What is a half breed? 4.Who was James A Garfield… why did his association with the half-breeds lead to his assassination?
GILDED AGE POLITICS BELL WORK Bell Work: 1.What is the spoils system- when did it form? 2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)? 3.What is a half breed (Blaine)? How did James Garfield’s association of being a half-breed lead to his assassination?
Listen to the Following Details Regarding the Death of Garfield
“Era of Good Stealings” Ulysses S. Grant- “Grant had no right to exist. He should have been extinct for ages… That, two thousand years after Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, a man like Grant should be called- and should actually and truly be- the highest product of the most advanced evolution, from President Washington to President Grant, was alone evidence enough to upset Darwin… Grant should have lived in a cave and worn skins.” Henry Adams
U.S. Grant (R) & Scandals Political Failure? Or Rising Star? KKK crackdown. Grant Cabinet- rip off artists Black Friday- Gold Corner (Jay Gould) Credit Mobilier (Oakes Ames)
Tammany Hall William M. Tweed (political machines) Political Machines… Graft Thomas Nast (political cartoons) Nasty Grant and Santa Claus
Rutherford B. Hayes (R) Elected over Samuel Tilden… brought down Boss Tweed 2 nd Corrupt Bargain- end of Reconstruction creation of the Jim Crow Laws (segregation) Plessy v. Ferguson Chinese Exclusion Act (political suicide).
James Garfield (R) Spoils System Roscoe Conkling v. James G. Blaine Stalwarts (Conkling), Half-Breeds (James G. Blaine), Independents Assassination- (Charles Guiteau) Chester A. Arthur- Pendleton Act Civil Service Exam
Grover Cleveland (D) Democrat… Mugwumps vs. Blaine Election of “Burn this letter” v, Ma Ma where’s my Pa? Off to the White House Ha, Ha, Ha!” RRR, Romanism, Rum, Ruin “Though the people support the government, the government should not support the people” Tariff issues (lower the tariff- anti business)
Ma Ma Ma… Tatooed Man
Benjamin Harrison (R) Cleveland v. Harrison (Young Tippecanoe) Waiving of the bloody shirt (now pink) Twisting of the lions tail- vote for Cleveland is a vote for England Loss of the surplus (tariffs and veteran pensions) McKinley Tariff
William McKinley (R) Bryan v. McKinley (twice) Gold Standard and more tariffs Ends depression Spanish American War Killed by Leon Czolgosz (anarchist at the World Fair) Theodore Roosevelt (one shot away)