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1 The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873) A book by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner, which, though fiction, is a critical examination of democratic.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873) A book by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner, which, though fiction, is a critical examination of democratic."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873) A book by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner, which, though fiction, is a critical examination of democratic politics, and corruption in the United States at the time. Twain and Warner depict an American society that, despite its appearance of promise and prosperity, is riddled with corruption and scandal. Politics of the Gilded Age: 1. “Forgettable Presidents” & Laissez- Faire philosophy 2.Corruption & power of govt. at local & state level (Machines) 3.Electoral Stability & Party Loyalty (Few Distinctions in Parties) 4.High Voter Turnout

2 2 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politics to 1890 = Growth of Discontent A. The Grant Administration 1.Election “waving the bloody shirt” 2. The Scandals a. Gold Ring (Gould & Fisk) b. Credit Mobilier c. Whiskey Ring

3 3 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politics to 1890 = Growth of Discontent B. Boss Tweed 1.Tweed Ring/Tammany Hall

4 4 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politics to 1890 = Growth of Discontent B. Boss Tweed 1.Tweed Ring/Tammany Hall a. Give out jobs & contracts for support & $ b.Stole $200 million from city = submit for work never done c.Investigated by NY Times & convicted C Depression C Depression “hard-money” vs. “cheap-money” Creditors vs. Debitors “Greenback Party” & Silver advocates “crime of 73” Bland-Allison Act (1878) Can the Law Reach Him? 1872

5 5 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politics to 1890 = Growth of Discontent C. Immigration & The Chinese

6 6 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politcs to 1890 =“Growth of Discontent” D. Politics of the 1880s 1. Stalwarts & Half-Breeds 2.Election of 1880 & James Garfield Assassination: Charles Guiteau, “I am a Stalwart. Arthur is now President of the United States.”

7 7 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politcs to 1890 =“Growth of Discontent” D. Politics of the 1880s 3. Chester Arthur a. Pendleton Act

8 8 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politcs to 1890 =“Growth of Discontent” D. Politics of the 1880s 4. Election of 1884 a. Dem. = Cleveland

9 9 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politcs to 1890 =“Growth of Discontent” D. Politics of the 1880s 4. Election of 1884 b. Rep. = Blaine c. “rum, Romanism, & rebellion” d. Mugwumps James G. Blaine, depicted as Little Bo Peep, tries to woo the errant Mugwump reformers back into the Republican fold in 1884.

10 10 Politics of the Gilded Age I. Politcs to 1890 =“Growth of Discontent” D. Politics of the 1880s 5.Cleveland’s First Term a.Vetoes & Military Pensions b.Calls for reduction of tariff c.Reforms & Regulation i. Wabash= overturn Granger Laws ii. Interstate Commerce Act/ICC 6. Harrison and the “Billion- Dollar Congress” a.1890 McKinley Tariff b.Increase veteran pensions c.1890 Sherman Silver Purchase Act d.1890 Sherman Antitrust Act (used more against unions)

11 11 Politics of the Gilded Age II. Turning Point = 1890sII. Turning Point = 1890s –A. Rise of Populists 1. Agrarian Discontent –a. The Grangers »Oliver Kelley »Cooperatives »Granger Laws –b. Farmer’s Alliance –c. People’s Party »Coin’s Financial School This poster from 1875 expresses one of the agrarian radicals’ fundamental premises: that all other walks of life were de pendent— or even parasitic—on the indispensable work of farmers. In his famous “Cross of Gold” speech in 1896 (see p. 661), Populist presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan put it this way: “Burn down your cities and leave our farms, and your cities will spring up again as if by magic; but destroy our farms and the grass will grow in the streets of every city in the country.”

12 12 Politics of the Gilded Age II. Turning Point = 1890sII. Turning Point = 1890s –A. Rise of Populists 2. Omaha Platform –1. Increase circulation of $ –2. Unlimited coinage of silver –3. Progressive Income Tax –4. Govt. Regulate RR & communications –5. 8 hr. work day –6. Direct Election of Senators Raise less corn, and more hell

13 13 Politics of the Gilded Age II. Turning Point = 1890sII. Turning Point = 1890s –A. Rise of Populists 3. Election of 1892

14 14 Politics of the Gilded Age II. Turning Point = 1890sII. Turning Point = 1890s –B. Cleveland’s 2 nd Term = Depression Politics 1. Panic of 1893 –a. Failure Reading RR = Failure banks and businesses = stock market plunge –b. Ag. Depression –c. Silver Purchase Act & Tariff Blamed = there had been a gold drain on Tres. –d. Cleveland doesn’t take action –e. Consolidation of businesses 3. Coxey’s March 4. Pullman Strike

15 15 Politics of the Gilded Age II. Turning Point = 1890sII. Turning Point = 1890s –C. Election of Bryan, Populists, and Democrats “Cross of Gold” Speech “You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.”

16 16 Politics of the Gilded Age II. Turning Point = 1890sII. Turning Point = 1890s –C. Election of McKinley, Hanna, and Republicans

17 17 Politics of the Gilded Age II. Turning Point = 1890sII. Turning Point = 1890s –C. Election of Campaign

18 18 II. Turning Point = 1890sII. Turning Point = 1890s –D. The Significance of Election Populist Demise 2. Urban Dominance 3. Beginning of Modern Politics –E. McKinley and Recovery 1. High Tariffs 2. Gold Standard Act of Imperialism Politics of the Gilded Age


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