Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 5 Notes. Chap. 5.1 Calories- >>> units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Notes. Chap. 5.1 Calories- >>> units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5 Notes

2 Chap. 5.1 Calories- >>> units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.

3 NutrientsNutrients >>> substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.

4 HungerHunger >>> a natural physical drive that protects you from starvation.

5 AppetiteAppetite >>> a desire, rather than a need to eat.

6 Chapter 5.2 Carbohydrates >>> the starches and sugars present in foods.

7 FiberFiber >>> an indigestible complex carbohydrate.

8 ProteinsProteins >>> nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues.

9 LipidLipid >>> a fatty substance that does not dissolve water.

10 VitaminsVitamins >>> compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients.

11 MineralsMinerals >>> substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many vital body processes.

12 Chapter 5.3 Dietary Guidelines for Americans >>> a set of recommendations for healthful eating and active living.

13 Food Guide PyramidFood Guide Pyramid >>> a guide for making healthful daily food choices.

14 Food Guide Pyramid Fruit group 2-4 servings Vegetable group 3-5 servings Bread, Cereal, Rice, and Pasta group 6-11 servings Meats, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs, and Nuts group 2-3 servings Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese group 3-4 servings Fats, Oils, and Sweets Use sparingly

15

16 Chapter 5.4 Food additives >>> substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect.

17 Food allergyFood allergy >>> a condition in which the body’s immune system reacts to substances in some foods.

18 Food intoleranceFood intolerance >>> a negative reaction to a food or part of food caused by a metabolic problem, such as the inability to digest parts of certain foods or food components.

19 Foodborne illnessFoodborne illness >>> food poisoning.

20 PasteurizationPasteurization >>> the process of treating a substance with heat to destroy or slow the growth of pathogens.

21 Cross-contaminationCross-contamination >>> the spreading of bacteria or other pathogens from one food to another.


Download ppt "Chapter 5 Notes. Chap. 5.1 Calories- >>> units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google