Most popular sport in the world. Earliest record: 11 th century England Evolved from folk to popular culture.
Origins are obscure, but first recorded event: 1042, England (hearth) Excavators use a Danish soldier’s head for a ball Ball evolves to an inflated cow bladder. Evolved to a “mob game” between local villages. Local folk culture at this point.
Clubs founded in 1800s England Churches & Factory workers Taught in schools Professional players by mid- century Soccer exported through colonization
Folk: Traditional Local start Rivalries between English villages Popular: Innovative International organizations and rules Adoption of modern technology
Folk: communal Village competitions Local clubs Popular: individualistic Still communal event Also, accessible at the individual level: Video games Stats analysis
Folk: Slow Local diffusion for many years Spread slowly throughout centuries Popular: Fast Diffused internationally within several centuries
Folk: Slow and Limited Possible contagious diffusion within England Popular: Rapid and Extensive Hierarchical and contagious diffusion through colonialism
Folk: Oral Communication Small village contests Contagious diffusion Popular: Mass Media Adoption of mass media and technology
Folk: Highly Similar Homogenous population Popular: Highly Dissimilar Heterogeneous population
Folk: Limited Limited to England Popular: Extensive International
Rubenstein, James M. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. Tenth ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011. Print.