Presentation on theme: "CODIFICATION OF SPORT CONTINUED…. LEARNING OBJECTIVES KNOW THE ROLE OF OXBRIDGE IN THE CODIFICATION OF SPORT UNDERSTAND HOW GOVERNING BODIES WERE FORMED."— Presentation transcript:
LEARNING OBJECTIVES KNOW THE ROLE OF OXBRIDGE IN THE CODIFICATION OF SPORT UNDERSTAND HOW GOVERNING BODIES WERE FORMED BE ABLE TO EXPLAIN THE REASONS FOR THE SHIFT FROM AMATEUR TO PROFESSIONAL
TASK 1 HOW DID SPORT CONTINUE TO SPREAD FROM PUBLIC SCHOOLS? ANSWER: OXBRIDGE (UNIVERSITY)
The role of Oxbridge in the codification of sport. Students leaving public schools attended one of the Oxbridge universities. Each public school had created and played its own, invented, games. So a need to establish an accepted form arose known as the Melting Pot Games needed to once again become more formalised The Development of Competitive SportThe rationalisation of sport
The National Governing Body NGBs were established to formally write the rules by which the sport should be played / codification. They took control of the leagues, regular competitions and fixtures. Took control of discipline providing referees and support in the form of punishments. Developed a system of affiliation insisting that first clubs and then players became registered. Responsible for selecting international managers and the representation of the given sport on an international stage English FA – 1863 first NGB Some took control abroad also – eg. LTA (Lawn Tennis Association) The Development of Competitive SportThe rationalisation of sport
TASK 2 Why does the world play Sport that originated in the UK?
Diffusion of sport. New ideas were formalized by a combination of the university (Oxbridge) influence and that of the governing bodies that were being established. Ex students spread the popularity of the sports through – returning as old boys to their previous schools, taking up jobs that involved travel e.g. in the army, commerce, foreign office. Britain was an empire so had influence all over the world Improved communication and travel enabled people to travel to participate in sports. The Development of Competitive SportThe rationalisation of sport
Diffusion of sport. Sport was spread by traders and commerce, setting up clubs in ports etc. The army encouraged sport to improve moral and for the training of the soldiers and so took the sports across the world. Sport was spread via the education system with many British teachers teaching abroad. The church also used sport as a means of social control and education both at home and with their missionaries. Ex pats / emigrants formed clubs abroad. Diplomats took sports with them to their countries of work. Foreign students attending university in England and then returning home. The Development of Competitive SportThe rationalisation of sport
The Modern Olympic Games Pierre de Coubertin is credited with the revival of the Olympic Games Based on the same ideals that the public schools had used to foster the importance of team games in their institutions, the Olympics of the nineteen hundreds involved competition between amateur sportsmen And women who competed for the sheer enjoyment of participation. The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well. Now they are a hugely commercial event, for both the athletes and host nation The Development of Competitive SportThe Modern Olympic Games
TASK 3 The Olympic Case Study Page 104-5 What was the purpose of De Coubertin revive the Games? What were the key features of the Modern Olympics? What were the Cotswold Olympicks?
The Period of Change. Sport had undergone change; – games had been created, rules established, competitions and leagues created, spectator interest was developing Sport was about to undergo a major change; – Amateur to Professional! 20 th Century SportThe Development of Competitive Sport
Amateur to Professional Period of the gentleman amateur was characterised by; – gentlemen of middle and upper classes playing sport in the spirit of fair play in order to maintain their own moral value and that of sport. – Social divisions had always existed since the court and mob sports, these were still very evident i.e. cricket captains, roles that people adopted within teams, types of activities that people participated in, amount of time that different groups had to play sport. 20 th Century SportThe Development of Competitive Sport
Amateur to Professional Reasons for the change – Need for broken time payments – Spectators generating income – Income reflected by the success of the team – Now a need to win to generate more income – In order to win better players needed to be attracted to play for a team – Also players needed to practice and so didnt have time to work / needed to be compensated and rewarded financialy. 20 th Century SportThe Development of Competitive Sport
Spectatorism Working class were given Saturday afternoons off This became the time for sport Demand for fixtures was two fold: – Regular matches – Attract spectators 1888 – English Football League created by teams from Midlands & North England The County cricket championship developed in a similar way Rational sport was different to Popular recreations: few played & many watched
Homework Write a list of all of the Olympic Games from this point, date & host city Can you find any evidence of controversy in any of the Olympic games listed? Research the events of any 3 of the games listed on the timeline on pages 106-7