4Soccer Education Process It’s more about solving problems,much more than just mastering techniquesSmall – Sided Games:most efficient and effective way to create meaningful, realistic problems for the kids to solve.The solution, then, belongs to the players
5Small – Sided games Learn the game through games You cannot teach faster than the kids can learn.When does the teaching stop, and the learning start ?Players take ownership of the game
6Recess vs PE Class Performance in real games vs real opponents The fluid, chaotic setting of soccer resembles recess more than PE classLearning will require a different modelSmall - sided games bridges the structure of PE class and soccer’s competitive and chaotic nature.
7No Lines, No Laps, No Lectures The small – sided games model requires the coach to construct simplified forms of soccer each centering on a real soccer problem.The children learn how to play the game by mastering each simplified form.
8Soccer is a Game – Play On The small – sided model is designed around the players solving simplified soccer problems with their skill.The game is the main source of instruction and the focus is on learning as opposed to teaching.Games revolve around solving problems and at the end of the game, there is feedback (result).
9Team Play Requires Teamwork Soccer is a game of us vs them.It requires cooperation and competition.We have to solve problems and give problems they can’t solve.
10Elements – define what soccer is Goals give the game meaning and direction.Field sets the physical boundariesBall – possession determines rolesRules set limits and controls behaviorPlayers – teammates (cooperation)opponents (competition)
11Soccer – by definitionSoccer is a game with specific rules between 2 teams and each team is trying to score more goals than the other team.Small – sided games provide the most natural, efficient and effective way for children to learn the game.They learn the techniques and tactics, find solutions to problems and determine their own level of involvement.
12Coaching in small – sided games The first step is to identify the problemAdjust the elements accordinglyBuild the game around an actual soccer problemTweak the elements until rightThe “coachable moments” will happen repeatedly.
13Goldilocks ruleMake the necessary adjustments until the game is right for the kids.Consider all the elements and remember to keep the activity age- appropriate.Too much or too little will stifle progress
14Principles of Play In Possession: Penetration and Depth – threaten the space behind the opponentsWidth – stretch the defending team from side to sideMobility - attackers switch or change positions
15Principles of Play Opponent in possession: Apply pressure – single most important defensive principle - mark player with the ballCover and support – helping playerBalance in defense – distance between players – no gaps between playersDepth in defense – when the defensecannot be beaten by a single actionCompactness – numbers around the ball
16Soccer’s Main Moments We have the ball – ball possession They have the ball – lost possessionTransition – losing possession and regaining possessionThe immediate position of play determines when and where the players move within the game.
171 vs 1 through 8 vs 8Each level will build on and incorporate the lessons from the preceding one, while laying the ground work for the next.1 vs 1 – it’s all on you !!2 vs 1, 2 vs 2 – now with a teammate3 vs 3 – first sign of shape – triangle4 vs 4 – new shape – diamond (depth)
181 vs 1 through 8 vs (2)5 vs 5 – field players only – add an additional player in the center of the diamond6 vs 6 - now include the keeper7 vs 7 - introducing wingers8 vs 8 – beginning of line play( keeper, backs, midfielders, forwards)
191 vs 1 through 8 vs 8 (3)Distance, angles, timing and learning to use them properly is developed as you progress through the different levels.As young players are exposed to a variety of games, they learn the ideas and master the techniques necessary to progress to the next level.
20Coach – The Soccer Doctor Observe - reading the gameDiagnose - what’s going wrong ?Prescribe - build a small – sided gameTreat – patience, tweaking, repeating
21The Soccer Problem At what moment – we / they have ball What is the problem ?Whose problem is it ?Where on the field does it occur ?When does the problem occur ?Why does the problem occur ?
22Build a game to correct problem Start with the players that have the problemCreate a field where the problem occursDuplicate the situationInclude only rules that can help correct
23Stages of LearningRemember that a team can only travel as fast as the slowest player.Stage 1 – OrientationStage 2 - Look for the biggest problemStage 3 - Fine tune the solutionsStage 4 - Progress to different gamesStage 5 - Evaluation
24Orientation Be very brief getting the game started Most games should take less than1 minute to get startedUse this period to evaluate the game, not the players, because first you must make sure that the game is right.Tweak the elements as necessary to enhance the learning process.
25Look for the Biggest Problem Ask yourself, “ if I could change one thingto make the game better, what would it be ?”Concentrate on the one team that may be the biggest problem.It’s about solving problemsThe team that is better at giving and solving problems has a real advantage.
26Fine Tune the Solutions After awhile most of the organizational problems will be solved.You will know that happens when the teams play a pretty good-looking game, with confidence and sense of purpose. The game flows.Continue to challenge them with new ideas or increase the speed of play.
27Progress to Different Games Learning is a permanent change in behavior.When players carry the lessons learned from one game to another, knowledge has been internalized.Small – sided games pose problems for kids to solve. They take those solutions to the next game and learn new ones.
28EvaluationsObjective - scoreboard, won/loss record, goals for/against --Measurable and quantifiableSubjective - “what you like “, opinionEvaluate things that are under your control – keep in mind that time must be wisely used
29Limiting factors in player development Talent - inherited traits – speedMotivation - internal and externalInternal – self-generating force self-startersExternal - rely on outside sources for inspirationEnvironment - the atmosphere you create at practice and games -- FUN
30Evaluating Player Types Start with just 3 categories:Those who score goalsThose who make goalsThose who win the ball backPay attention to their natural tendencies -- where are they most comfortable and effective ?
31Evaluating Player Types (2) Is the player at the right level ?At the right level, but in the wrong role or position ?Players sacrificed for the good of the team – (need a keeper or left back)When the level changes – promotion or relegation
32The Players Key Qualities Technique – the tools that a player needs to accomplish their objectivesInsight -- Reading the game, understand a situation and have a solution.Personality -- handle pressure, stress and adversity – team playerSpeed -- physical, mental, technical
33Coaching Mentality First things first: Get their attention and have them buy in to the messageThe connection between your players’ thoughts and the results of their action.Coach their thinking to change their behavior
34Coaching Mentality (2) You cannot see anyone’s thought process You will need to infer by observing body language, listening to comments, and asking questions.Become an active listener and a critical observer.Consider how much they care, their fear of failure and how quickly they grasp things.Consider winning soccer as playing good soccer
35Concentration in Youth Players Success depends on their ability to concentrate.Concentration is defined as directing one’s attention to something in particular.Players must keep their attention focused on their immediate situation.
36Concentration in Youth Players Small – sided games develop concentration by engaging players in continuous play.Both mental and physical concentration and stamina are developed.Standing in lines allow concentration to wander.Put them in situations where they can’t afford to daydream.
37Concentration Breakers Outside influences – parents, referee, coach, injury, fear of failureWhen the game stops -- ball out of playTransition moments – ball change handsFatigue -- when physical fatigue meets mental fatigue, learning takes place.Release from tension – pressure’s off
38Developing Concentration Work smarter, not harderMental training is one of the biggest differences separating small – sided games from drills and exercises.In small – sided games players stay engaged and have a vested interest in the final result.The continuous flow of the game forces players to stay focused at all times.
39Concentration Summary Small – sided games are the most practical way to mold the basics of a player’s mental development at the earliest possible age.A good way to increase their mental capacity to resist distractions is to decrease the amount of time that players have to think and act.
40Street Soccer in the 21st Century Small – sided games trace their origins to the street soccer games of the past.They represent a return to the old-school style of learning, free form recess rather than a structured PE class.Player – centeredKids set their own standardAbility, not age main criteria
41Street Soccer in the 21st Century Street soccer was played in an endless variety of forms, with different numbers, on different surfaces, with different goals, rules and even different balls.Players learned quickly how to adapt to the changing situations and conditions.
42Street Soccer in the 21st Century Small – sided games allow children the greatest opportunity to develop all the basic skills within the context of the match, while they also encourage children to develop their own identities in the game.