3CYCLE OF ANALYSIS (Recap) 1. INVESTIGATE – Where you explain how a specific aspect of performance was investigated through gathering and analysisng information.2. ANALYSIS – Where you explain how the knowledge acquired from the study of relevant concepts has helped you to Analyse performance and plan a development programme3. DEVELOP – Where you explain how the content and suitability of the programme of work were monitored over the period of training4. EVALUATE – Where you reflect on the planning, effectiveness and benefits of the programme of work completed,
4What is a structure / strategy? A Structure can be a formation that a team adapts to apply a particular strategy which will hopefully bring about individual and team improvement. ( Football,3-5-2 creates width in midfield)STRATEGYDirectly competitive activitiesUse space in attack & defence
5How do we decide on a structure? FUNDAMENTALS- Using space to your advantage (offence)Denying space (defence)Tempo(offence / defence)Advantages v Disadvantages of structures and strategiesStrengths and weakness of team / opponents
6ROLES & RESPONSIBILITY What determines where you will play? Physical QualitiesPersonal QualitiesPositionSkillsHeight / Pace / StrengthDecision maker / CommunicatorDefence , Midfield, ForwardShooting, Passing, Heading, Tackling
7EVERY STRUCTURE or STRATEGY NEEDS… EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATIONFULL CO-OPERATIONSUPPORTWORKING KNOWLEDGECOMPETENCE
8FORMATIONSKnowledge of your overall strengths and weakness helps make decisions about;Benefits of a formationLimitations of a formationExamples of formations 4,4,2 3,5,2 4,5,1Strengths and weaknesses of each?
9FORMATIONSCollecting info on your performance, you can make decisions about the best formation to useOr you can continually refine your formationOpposition, injury, state of pay ectConsider Principles of PlayWidth, depth, mobility, support, pressure
10ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES In every group it is important to understand your;ROLE and how it relates to your team matesRESPONSIBILITIES of your specific roleExamples please?Each player has a different R/R for the team to work effectively as a unitMany attributes define your rolePhysical, skills, decision making,When individual strengths & weakness are considered relevant S/S can be planned
11Principles of PlayAll invasion games are played according to basic principles. They are applicable to both the attack and defence phases of play.
12Principles of Play (Attack) Possession:When a team has the ball it is vital that they retain possession of it.The longer possession is retained the more control they have of the game.
13Principles of Play (Attack) Width:Creates gaps and stretches the defence, it gives the attackers more space to make runs and to receive the ball and to shoot/pass.It is advantageous to create space towards the touchline to spread the opposition’s defence.It allows more space for attackers to work in.It stretches the opposing defence, making them work harder, creating gaps
14Principles of Play (Attack) Support:When a player is in possession of the ball, teammates should move into an open position to offer a passing option.Speed:To be successful in attack speed of action and thought are vital.
15Principles of Play (Attack) Mobility:The attackers who are not in possession of the ball should move continually with purpose, in order to draw defenders, and to create and use space.Attackers need to interchange position and work on split second timing or runs to create problems for defenders.Midfielders and defenders need to be interchangeable to help support attack and cover defenceAllows players to get free to receive the ball
16Principles of Play (Attack) Penetration:This is possible when the attacking players take on the defenders at pace and by getting in behind the defence using fast passing, dribblingDepth:This allows the player on the ball to keep possession of the ball by passing back while their team move forward to support play.Concentration:All attacking players in order to reduce attacking errors.
17Principles of Play (Defence) Depth:This provides cover for the defender marking the ball. It also acts as a counter balance against the opposition going on the fast break.Delay:If a defender cannot gain possession of the ball from an interception or a tackle then they should delay or attempt to slow down the attack.This allows the other defenders to have time to recover, get goal side of the ball and re-position them.
18Principles of Play (Defence) Balance:Balance is where every attacking move and pass is covered/denied by the defence.Concentration:This is required by all defending players in order to reduce defensive errors. Anticipation and good decision making limits the offensive options.Speed:The speed of recovery, action and thought are vital in defence.
19Principles of Play (Defence) Safety/Security:In defence safety and security are the first priority. Keep all moves simple and clear your lines.Pressure:Close down the player on the ball as quickly as possible.
20Speed of the Ball Ball moves faster than you do Cover more groundHold formationNot get to close to team-matesSpeed of the ball is important in both Attack & Defence
21Speed of Ball (Attack) Velocity (speed) of pass Reaches team mateHard to interceptToo hard;Hard to controlAccuracyLoose possessionExamples from within a game?
22Speed of Ball (Attack) Quick passes open up defences Players follow the ballQuicker you move the ball defenders have to adjust positionIf you see gaps/space before receiving ball you save more timePlayer movement off the ball creates spaces/passing opportunities
23Speed of Ball (Attack) Slowing the ball down Maintain possession Winning gameSupport to arrive from other playersBut defending team also has time to re-organiseDraw out oppositionCrowded areasMove ball using width to create space
24Speed of Ball (Attack) One/Two passing Fast accurate passing Eliminate defenders / chase ballTire them out (speed/endurance)Fast accurate passingDraw defenders out (spaces behind them)Used in areas of little space / lots of playersExamples you can thing of in a game?
25Speed of Ball (Attack) Shooting / Heading / Volleying Distance from goalOutside/inside box or penalty or free kickGoalkeeper can react to fast shoots as quicklyPower over Accuracy?Penalty and free-kicks are balls not in motion. How would your strike differ from a pass or cut back when the ball is moving faster to you?
26Speed of Ball (Counter Attack) High ball speed is important during Counter AttackGetting ball from defence to attack as quickly as possibleDefending players out of positionMore space to pass or run into
27Speed of Ball (Counter Attack) Weight of passBall played quicklyIn front of player to run onto – why?Not too hard – why?Not too slow – player has to ‘check’ run
28Speed of Ball (Defence) Pressure from attackersLong, quick and high balls to attackersCounter attack (support from midfield)Ball away from danger areaBut if no support in attack ball could be lost and pressure back onQuick short passesPlay out of defence using midfield playersKeep possessionRemember its an area with lots of players and little space
29Speed of Ball (Defence) Slow down passingPlay across defence if no options to play long to attack or short to midfieldMove ball across pitch (width) to try and open up space and draw out oppossition
30THE IMPORTANCE OF USING SPACE A fundamental feature of good tactical team play is being able to optimise your space when attacking, and being able to close down your opponents’ space when defending. It requires;good spatial awarenessgood role and team awareness.Players know how effectively they perform in their role
31THE IMPORTANCE OF USING SPACE The objective of the selected structure/strategy is to use and create space and options in bringing the ball to the goal area.Players must have an awareness of spaces and when, where & how to move.Players must co-operate within the structure/strategy by ensuring that their opponents are not allowed to interfere with the planned strategySupport play & skill combined to make correct option
32ZONE MARKINGZonal marking is a defensive strategy where defenders cover an area of the pitch rather than marking a specific opponentIf an opponent moves into the area a defender is covering, the defender marks the opponent.If the opponent leaves this area, then marking the opponent becomes the responsibility of another defender.
33Advantages/Disadvantages of Zone Marking Areas of pitch are coveredSaves players energyKeep team formation intactPrevents spaces for attackersDisadvantagesOverload of attackers in one areaPeople not sure of who they are marking
34MAN TO MAN MARKINGMan-to-man marking, or man marking, is a defensive strategy where defenders are assigned a specific opposition player to mark rather than covering an area of the pitch.
35Advantages/Disadvantages of Man to Man Marking Every player should be markedPlayer knows who to mark/followMatch players with same physical qualitiesDisadvantagesDefending players get moved out of positionTeam formation is lost – creating space for attackersPhysically tiringPoor match up of players (fast v slow or tall v short)