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Disappointed Hopes Section 17.4 Left: sign says ‘colored waiting room’; right: Malcolm X points finger for emphasis.

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Presentation on theme: "Disappointed Hopes Section 17.4 Left: sign says ‘colored waiting room’; right: Malcolm X points finger for emphasis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Disappointed Hopes Section 17.4 Left: sign says ‘colored waiting room’; right: Malcolm X points finger for emphasis

2 How did the Civil Rights Movement change in the mid 1960s? Divided SNCC and other groups gave up on passive resistance and turned to violence Murder of civil rights workers and little progress “We shall Overrun” replaced “We shall Overcome” New call was for Black Power! Right: “All Power to the People” lapel button; below: Olympic medalists give Black Power salute in 1968 at Mexico City Games

3 Describe the growth of Black Pride. “Black is Beautiful”! Adopted natural “Afro” haircuts Dashikis (African shirts) A-A called themselves Black rather than Negro or Colored Right: A dashiki; left: Black Panthers

4 What was the Black Separatism Movement? Call for Blacks to have own land in America or in Africa Supported by Nation of Islam (Black Muslims) Malcolm X –Prominent spokesman for N.O.I. –Supported using violence to combat white violence –Malcolm softened views on separation after trip to Mecca –Openly disagreed with N.O.I. –Assassinated 2/1965 over clash with N.O.I. Above: pensive Malcolm X; below: X lies dead

5 Assassination of Malcolm X (Warning: may not be suitable for all audiences) Capture: clip shows dramatization of X’s murder

6 Eulogy for Malcolm X Capture from clip of X’s actual funeral

7 Who were the Black Panthers? Militant Black political party Influenced by Stokely Carmichael’s call for Black power Used symbol of Black Panther Used violence as means of self- defense Frightened and alienated white America Clockwise from upper right: Stokely Carmichael, Black Power at Olympics, paramilitary Panthers, a black panther as a logo

8 High Tide: How the Movement Split and Weakened Capture from clip about factions weakening civil rights movement

9 What happened at Watts on August 11, 1965? Routine police stop in poor section of LA erupted into major riot –over 30 people were killed and over 1, 000 were injured Reflected the Urban Black frustration from poverty, unemployment, discrimination 4 thousand arrests 1 thousand buildings (businesses) destroyed (mostly white) 1 st in series of riots (’65, ’66, ’67) –150 cities (incl. all major ones except Phila.) Above: black people torch their own LA neighborhood; white businessmen flee

10 What triggered the riots? Kerner Report Government investigative committee Three Reasons: –Frustrated hopes –Encouragement of Violence –Sense of powerlessness Report said America was becoming more separated Life Magazine cover shows young black looter

11 Or Does It Explode? Vivid capture shows raging fire burning out (probably white-owned) business

12 What happened to the Civil Rights Movement in the late 1960s? Lacked leadership –King was assassinated in Memphis (April 4, 1968) –Came to Memphis, Tn. to support sanitation workers Shot while on balcony of Lorraine Motel by racist James Earl Ray Public attention focused on Vietnam Below: Assassin of true conviction, James Earl Ray

13 Assassination of Dr. King Capture shows boat on a river: clip is on MLK assassination


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