39 Care for Golfer’s Elbow ApplyApply an ice pack for __ minutes after activity.Seek medical advice.
40 Radial and Ulnar Fractures The radius and ulna are the two large bones in the forearm.When one bone is broken, the other acts as a splint, and there may be little or no deformity.When both are broken, the arm usually appears deformed.
41 Recognizing Radius and Ulna Fractures Pain inDeformitySevere painInability to
42 Care for Radial and Ulnar Fractures Assess and treat for shock if indicated.Apply an ice pack for __ minutes.ApplySeek medical care.
89 Recognizing a Knee Fracture May look like a dislocationDeformityTendernessSwelling
90 Care for a Knee Fracture No deformity:Feel for pulse in the ankle.If pulse is felt, splint the leg with the knee straight.Significant deformity:If pulse is felt, splint the knee in the position found.Seek medical care immediately if pulse is absent.
91 Knee Dislocation A knee dislocation is a serious injury. Deformity will be grotesque.
92 Recognizing a Knee Dislocation Excruciating painDeformityPulse may be absent in the ankle.
93 Care for a Knee Dislocation Stabilize the knee in the position found.Seek medical care immediately.
94 Patella Dislocation Must be treated immediately Most commonly occurs in teenagers and young adults who are engaged in athletic activities.
95 Recognizing a Patella Dislocation A blow or twisting causes kneecap to move outside of the knee joint.SwellingInability to bend or straighten kneePainDeformity
96 Care for a Patella Dislocation Follow the RICE procedures.Do not try to relocate.Splint knee in position found.Seek medical care.
97 Knee SprainLigament injuryCan range from mild to complete tearing
98 Recognizing a Knee Sprain Severe painPop or snap at the time of injuryLocking sensationInability to walk without limpingInability to bend or straighten the kneeSwellingBruising
99 Care for a Knee SprainFollow the RICE procedures.Seek medical care.
100 Knee ContusionCaused by:A direct blowFalling on the knee
101 Recognizing a Knee Contusion PainSwellingTendernessBlack-and-blue discoloration
102 Care for a Knee Contusion Follow the RICE procedures.
103 Lower Leg Injuries Tibia and Fibula Fractures Can occur at any place between the knee joint and the ankle jointDeformity may occur when one bone is broken.When only one bone is broken, little deformity may be present.
104 Recognizing Tibia and Fibula Fractures Severe painSwellingDeformityTenderness
105 Care for Tibia and Fibula Fractures Stabilize the leg.Apply an ice pack.Seek medical care.
106 Recognizing Tibia and Fibula Contusion Victim received a direct hit directly on shin.Tender when touchedSharp painBlack-and-blue markDifficulty moving ankle up and downNumbness or coldness in toes or foot
107 Care for a Tibia and Fibula Contusion Expose the injury.Apply the RICE procedures.Use an ice pack.20 minutes, three to four times daily for 48 hoursIf numbness or tingling exists, seek medical care.
108 Muscle Cramp Temporary condition Usually occurs in the calf and sometimes in the thigh or hamstring
109 Recognizing a Muscle Cramp During or after intense exercise sessionsPainful muscle contraction or spasm that disables the victim
110 Care for Muscle Cramps Gently stretch. Apply pressure. Apply ice to the muscle.Pinch the upper lip hard.Drink lightly salted, cool water.Drink a commercial sports drink.
111 Shin SplintsPain in the front of the lower leg or shin
112 Recognizing Shin Splints Ache subsides after activity stops.Ache is a result of an increase in the workout routine.Chronic problem that gets worse
113 Care for Shin Splints Apply an ice pack before activity. Apply pressure.Apply an ice pack for 20 minutes after activity.Curtail activity until the shin is pain free.Take anti-inflammatory pain medications.
114 Ankle and Foot Injuries Frequently injured by twistingStretches or tears ligamentsMost ankle injuries are sprains that involve the outside ligaments.
115 Recognizing Foot and Ankle Injuries (1 of 2) Two-part test to determine whether an X-ray is needed:Press along the bones.Pain and tenderness may indicate a broken bone.Have the victim try to stand on it.Ability to take four or more steps is most likely a sprain.Inability to walk on it may indicate a break.
116 Recognizing Foot and Ankle Injuries (2 of 2) If injured ankle cannot tolerate hopping on opposite foot, suspect a fracture.SwellingOne sided indicates a sprain.Both sided indicates a fracture.
117 Care for Foot and Ankle Injuries Take shoes off.Use RICE procedures.
118 Aftercare of an Ankle Injury (1 of 2) Use the RICE treatment for 24 to 48 hours.Use a contrast bath if swelling persists.Begin range-of-motion exercises once initial swelling has decreased.Begin gentle exercises.
119 Aftercare of an Ankle Injury (2 of 2) Within 7 to 14 days, if pain and swelling have stopped, begin to stretch and strengthen the calf and ankle.Brace or tape healed ankle.Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
120 Toe Injuries Include: Torn-off nails Hematoma formation under the nailsDislocationsFractures
121 Recognizing Toe Injuries Pain and swellingDeformity
122 Care for Toe InjuriesTreat the same as a finger injury.