39Care for Golfer’s Elbow ApplyApply an ice pack for __ minutes after activity.Seek medical advice.
40Radial and Ulnar Fractures The radius and ulna are the two large bones in the forearm.When one bone is broken, the other acts as a splint, and there may be little or no deformity.When both are broken, the arm usually appears deformed.
41Recognizing Radius and Ulna Fractures Pain inDeformitySevere painInability to
42Care for Radial and Ulnar Fractures Assess and treat for shock if indicated.Apply an ice pack for __ minutes.ApplySeek medical care.
89Recognizing a Knee Fracture May look like a dislocationDeformityTendernessSwelling
90Care for a Knee Fracture No deformity:Feel for pulse in the ankle.If pulse is felt, splint the leg with the knee straight.Significant deformity:If pulse is felt, splint the knee in the position found.Seek medical care immediately if pulse is absent.
91Knee Dislocation A knee dislocation is a serious injury. Deformity will be grotesque.
92Recognizing a Knee Dislocation Excruciating painDeformityPulse may be absent in the ankle.
93Care for a Knee Dislocation Stabilize the knee in the position found.Seek medical care immediately.
94Patella Dislocation Must be treated immediately Most commonly occurs in teenagers and young adults who are engaged in athletic activities.
95Recognizing a Patella Dislocation A blow or twisting causes kneecap to move outside of the knee joint.SwellingInability to bend or straighten kneePainDeformity
96Care for a Patella Dislocation Follow the RICE procedures.Do not try to relocate.Splint knee in position found.Seek medical care.
97Knee SprainLigament injuryCan range from mild to complete tearing
98Recognizing a Knee Sprain Severe painPop or snap at the time of injuryLocking sensationInability to walk without limpingInability to bend or straighten the kneeSwellingBruising
99Care for a Knee SprainFollow the RICE procedures.Seek medical care.
100Knee ContusionCaused by:A direct blowFalling on the knee
101Recognizing a Knee Contusion PainSwellingTendernessBlack-and-blue discoloration
102Care for a Knee Contusion Follow the RICE procedures.
103Lower Leg Injuries Tibia and Fibula Fractures Can occur at any place between the knee joint and the ankle jointDeformity may occur when one bone is broken.When only one bone is broken, little deformity may be present.
104Recognizing Tibia and Fibula Fractures Severe painSwellingDeformityTenderness
105Care for Tibia and Fibula Fractures Stabilize the leg.Apply an ice pack.Seek medical care.
106Recognizing Tibia and Fibula Contusion Victim received a direct hit directly on shin.Tender when touchedSharp painBlack-and-blue markDifficulty moving ankle up and downNumbness or coldness in toes or foot
107Care for a Tibia and Fibula Contusion Expose the injury.Apply the RICE procedures.Use an ice pack.20 minutes, three to four times daily for 48 hoursIf numbness or tingling exists, seek medical care.
108Muscle Cramp Temporary condition Usually occurs in the calf and sometimes in the thigh or hamstring
109Recognizing a Muscle Cramp During or after intense exercise sessionsPainful muscle contraction or spasm that disables the victim
110Care for Muscle Cramps Gently stretch. Apply pressure. Apply ice to the muscle.Pinch the upper lip hard.Drink lightly salted, cool water.Drink a commercial sports drink.
111Shin SplintsPain in the front of the lower leg or shin
112Recognizing Shin Splints Ache subsides after activity stops.Ache is a result of an increase in the workout routine.Chronic problem that gets worse
113Care for Shin Splints Apply an ice pack before activity. Apply pressure.Apply an ice pack for 20 minutes after activity.Curtail activity until the shin is pain free.Take anti-inflammatory pain medications.
114Ankle and Foot Injuries Frequently injured by twistingStretches or tears ligamentsMost ankle injuries are sprains that involve the outside ligaments.
115Recognizing Foot and Ankle Injuries (1 of 2) Two-part test to determine whether an X-ray is needed:Press along the bones.Pain and tenderness may indicate a broken bone.Have the victim try to stand on it.Ability to take four or more steps is most likely a sprain.Inability to walk on it may indicate a break.
116Recognizing Foot and Ankle Injuries (2 of 2) If injured ankle cannot tolerate hopping on opposite foot, suspect a fracture.SwellingOne sided indicates a sprain.Both sided indicates a fracture.
117Care for Foot and Ankle Injuries Take shoes off.Use RICE procedures.
118Aftercare of an Ankle Injury (1 of 2) Use the RICE treatment for 24 to 48 hours.Use a contrast bath if swelling persists.Begin range-of-motion exercises once initial swelling has decreased.Begin gentle exercises.
119Aftercare of an Ankle Injury (2 of 2) Within 7 to 14 days, if pain and swelling have stopped, begin to stretch and strengthen the calf and ankle.Brace or tape healed ankle.Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
120Toe Injuries Include: Torn-off nails Hematoma formation under the nailsDislocationsFractures
121Recognizing Toe Injuries Pain and swellingDeformity
122Care for Toe InjuriesTreat the same as a finger injury.